Treaty of Loudun
|Signed||May 3, 1616|
|Signatories||Concino Concini, the Marquis d'Ancre
The Treaty of Loudun was signed on May 3, 1616, in Loudun and ended the war that originally began as a power struggle between Queen Regent Marie de Medici's favorite Concino Concini, the Marquis d'Ancre and Henry II, the third Prince of Condé and the next in line for the throne. The war gained religious undertones when rebellious Huguenot princes joined Henry's revolt. The treaty was signed by Queen Marie de Medici and Henry II and officially ended the revolts by many nobles in France at the cost of royal concessions and reparations to Condé and others. Based on the terms of the treaty, the Huguenots were allowed to unite their churches in France with those in Béarn. Moreover, the treaty granted amnesty to the prince of Condé along with others and made Henry II de Bourbon, prince de Condé head of the council of state. The Marquis d'Ancre remained with quite a bit of power, supported by Queen Marie who eventually made Condé also give his support.
However, Condé forsook good governance in an attempt for increased personal power and the throne. Furthermore, the Marquis d'Ancre was widely unpopular for being a foreigner (he was an Italian from Florence), inspiring many nobles to think of revolting. After Condé told Concini that he could not longer protect him from the nobles, Queen Marie decided to take steps to protect her favorite. Louis XIII went with Queen Marie's plan to arrest Henry II. Louis XIII invited Henry II to a small chat and used palace guards to arrest him on September 1, 1616. Condé's followers then fled from Paris. Thus, the peace was broken and war broke out again between the supporters of the Marquis d'Ancre and Condé's followers. The war ended with Louis XIII's coup d'état against the Queen and Concini, overthrowing their rule.
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