Treaty of Madrid (1670)

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The Treaty of Madrid (also known as the Godolphin Treaty) adopted in 1670 was a treaty between England and Spain. More complete name is: "A treaty for the composing of differences, restraining of depredations and establishing of peace in America : between the crowns of Great Britain and Spain : concluded at Madrid the 8th/18 day of July in the year of our Lord, 1670" [1]

Under the terms of the treaty, Spain recognized English possessions in the Caribbean Sea: "all those lands, islands, colonies and places whatsoever situated in the West Indies." Spain confirmed England was to hold all territories in the Western Hemisphere that it had already settled; however the treaty did not define what areas were settled. England took formal control of Jamaica and the Cayman Islands after the treaty was signed.[2] Spain also agreed to permit English ships freedom of movement in the Caribbean. Each country agreed to refrain from trading in the other's territory, and both countries agreed to limit trading to their own possessions. England agreed to suppress piracy in the Caribbean. [3]

The boundary created by this treaty was at latitude 32º 30", where the present-day boundary between Georgia and South Carolina lies, extending west roughly from modern Hilton Head[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Treaties, etc. Spain, 1607 July 8 Microfilm. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International, 1981. 1 microfilm reel. 35 mm. (Early English books, 1641-1700; 1184:78) s1981
  2. ^ "History" (HTML). The government of the Cayman Islands. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  3. ^ National Humanities Center, Spanish-English Rivalry in the Caribbean, 1498-1670 http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/amerbegin/power/text1/SpanishEnglishRivalry.pdf
  4. ^ Ed. Gannon, Michael. The New History of Florida. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1996. pg. 101.