Cuban-American Treaty of Relations
In May 1903, the United States signed a Treaty of Relations with Cuba, to formalize the relationship between the two countries. Cuba agreed that they
- 1. shall not permit a foreign power to obtain a naval base on the island
- 2. shall not go into excessive debt
- 3. give the US the right to intervene in Cuba for the maintenance of (an adequate) government
- 4. approve of all prior military actions
- 5. shall act to reduce infectious diseases
- 6. shall not claim the Isle of Pines as Cuban territory unless the US agrees
- 7. shall later lease to the United States lands for naval stations
The Platt Amendment authorized the president to withdraw troops from Cuba provided that he secure these specific promises from Cuba by treaty.
The 1903 Treaty of Relations was superseded in 1934 by another Treaty of Relations, with Articles that both parties
- 1. abrogate the 1903 Treaty of Relations, except
- 2. approve of all prior military actions
- 3. affirm the lease, unless modified or abrogated by mutual consent, and
- affirming the territorial area of the Guantanamo Naval Station in effect in 1934,
- unless changed by mutual consent, or abandoned by the US
- 4. allow the base to be quarantined in time of contagion
One motivation for the 1934 Treaty of Relations was to remove the continuing irritation of the Cubans to the 1903 Treaty, as part of the Good Neighbor Policy developed by Franklin Roosevelt. Provisions of the 1903 Treaty were seen to be an affront to Cuban sovereignty.
Prior to 1934, the Isle of Pines was recognized as Cuban Territory in the Hay-Quesada Treaty.
- Guantánamo Bay
- Platt Amendment
- Cuban–American Treaty of 1903
- Cuba-United States relations, a history
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