Treaty of Springwells

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The Treaty of Springwells was signed at the location which is now occupied by Fort Wayne, Detroit, Michigan on September 8, 1815. The Treaty between the United States and the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie, Tribes of Native Americans, residing within the limits of the State of Ohio, and the Territories of Indiana and Michigan. The agreement was signed between the United States federal government and the The United States give peace to the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie, tribes.

They also agree to restore to the said Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie tribes all the possessions, rights, and privileges, which they enjoyed, or were entitled to, in the year 1811, prior to the commencement of the late war with Great Britain; and the said tribes, upon their part, agreed to again place themselves under the protection of the United States, and of no other power whatsoever.

In consideration of the fidelity to the United States which has been manifested by the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, and Shawanoe, tribes, throughout the late war, and of the repentance of the Miami tribe, as manifested by placing themselves under the protection of the United States, by the treaty of Greenville, in 1814, the said States agree to pardon such of the chiefs and warriors of said tribes as may have continued hostilities against them until the close of the war with Great Britain, and to permit the chiefs of their respective tribes to restore them to the stations and property which they held previously to the war.

The United States and the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimies, agreed to renew and confirm the treaty of Greenville, made in 1795, and all subsequent treaties to which they were, respectively, parties, and the same are ratified and confirmed in as full a manner as if they were inserted in this treaty.

This treaty officially ended all hostilities between the U.S. and the Native Americans. Based on the terms of the agreement, Moreover, the U.S. agreed to restore to the Indians all of their possessions, rights, and privileges before their engaging in the War of 1812 as allies of the British. In return, the Native American tribes agreed to only place themselves under the protection of the U.S. government. The treaty also reaffirmed the Treaty of Greenville, the Treaty of Detroit, and any other accords established between both parties. The purpose of the Treaty of Springwells was to absolve the Native Americans for supporting the British in the War of 1812 and to secure their further allegiance to the United States.

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