Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon

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The Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon was signed on December 30, 1803 between the British and Daulat Rao Sindhia, chief of the Maratha people at Anjangaon town located in Maharashtra.

On 30 December 1803, the Scindhia signed the Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon with the British after the Battle of Assaye and Battle of Argaon. The agreement was the result of Major General Arthur Wellesley's military campaigns in Central India in the first phase of the Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803-1805). As a result of this treaty, Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region, parts of Bundelkhand, Broach, some districts of Gujarat and fort of Ahmadnagar, eventually came under the control of the British East India Company.[1]

The treaty was revised twice (once in November 1805 and again on November 5, 1817). The first revision mostly entailed restoring the territories of Gwalior and Gohad to Scindia. The second revision of the treaty entailed granting Scindia more power in return for providing help to the British in their fight against the Pindaris in the Third Anglo-Maratha War.

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