Trebeništa

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Coordinates: 41°12′23″N 20°45′18″E / 41.20639°N 20.75500°E / 41.20639; 20.75500

Artifact from Trebeništa

Trebeništa is an ancient necropolis located in Macedonia,[1] dating from the Iron Age around the 7th century BC.[1] It is located near the town of Ohrid, in the Republic of Macedonia. It is believed that the necropolis was used by the people from the ancient town of Lychnidos. Trebeništa was discovered in 1918 by Bulgarian soldiers. The government sent archaeologist Karel Škorpil to organize excavations. The artefacts were later researched by Bogdan Filov. Since then, large amounts of graves, five golden masks,[2] and some iron earrings and plates have been found. These finds are housed in the Archaeological Museums in Ohrid, Sofia and Belgrade.

A corrupt passage from Strabo suggests that the Peresadyes and the Illyrian tribe of the Enchelei allied to create a new state in the area of modern Ohrid. If that suggestion is correct then the royal cemetery located in the necropolis is that of the Peresadyes.[1]

A golden mask from Trebeništa is depicted on the obverse of the Macedonian 500 denars banknote, issued in 1996 and 2003.[3]

Sources[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • B.D.Filow, K.Schkorpil, Die archaische Nekropole von Trebenischte am Ochrida-See, Berlin und Leipzig 1927. [1]
  • La nécropole archaïque de Trebenischte, Extr. de la Revue Archéo., janvier-avril 1934. Vulic (N.)
  • WHO WERE THE AUTHORS OF THE TREBENIŠTE CULTURE AND THE GOLD FUNERAL MASKS, Nade Proeva, Ph.D.[2]