Trebizond Vilayet

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Trebizond Vilayet
Vilayet-i Trabzon
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1867–1923
Location of Trebizond Vilayet
Trebizond Vilayet in 1900
Capital Trabzon[1]
History
 -  Established 1867
 -  Disestablished 1923

The Vilayet of Trebizond[1] or Trabzon was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) in the north-eastern part of the Ottoman Empire.

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 12,082 square miles (31,290 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 1,047,700.[3] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[3]

After the Russian-Turkish War in 1877-1878 was established sanjak of Lazistan.[4] Rize became the center of this district after cession of Batumi, former centre of sanjak, to Russia.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The vilayet included three sanjaks (four after 1889)[5] and 22 kazas.[6] Sanjaks of the Vilayet:

  1. Trabzon Sanjak (Trabzon, Ordu, Giresun, Tirebolu, Görele, Vakfıkebir, Sürmene, Of, Akçaabat, Maçka)
  2. Gümüşhane Sanjak (Gümüşhane, Kelkit, Şiran, Torul)
  3. Lazistan Sanjak (Its center was Batumi at first until 1878, later Rize after 1878) (Rize, Pazar, Artvin)
  4. Canik Sanjak (Its center was Samsun after 1889) (Samsun, Bafra, Ünye, Fatsa, Çarşamba, Terme)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Geographical Dictionary of the World, p. 1854, at Google Books
  2. ^ "1914 Census Statistics". Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Asia by A. H. Keane, page 459
  4. ^ Gündüz Ali, Hemşinliler, Dil-Tarih-Kültür, Ardanuj Kültür Yardımlaşma Derneği, Yayın No: 2, Ankara, 2002, s. 61.
  5. ^ Yurt Ansiklopedisi, Rize, s. 6365.
  6. ^ Yüksel A., Doğu Karadeniz Araştırmaları, Kitabevi, İstanbul, 2005, s.

External links[edit]