Treble (association football)

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Treble is used in association football to refer to a team winning three trophies in a single season. Honours usually considered to contribute to a treble are the top-tier domestic league competition, primary domestic cup competition and most prestigious continental cup competition, although this depends to some extent on the football competitions of a particular country.

Trophy competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. the FA Community Shield, Irish FA Charity Shield, Supercopa de España, Trophée des Champions, the Recopa Sudamericana, the UEFA Super Cup or the Intercontinental Cup) are generally not counted as part of a treble.

Two phrases sometimes used are a 'continental treble',[1] which involves winning at least one continental trophy, and a 'domestic treble' - usually the domestic league and two secondary tournaments.[2][3]

Continental trebles[edit]

There are few cases of a club winning their country's top tier league and a major secondary competition (The Double), in addition to the continental championship, all within a single season. This was first achieved in 1962 by Santos, winning the Campeonato Paulista (state league), Taça Brasil (national league) and Copa Libertadores (continental tournament). Santos remain the only South American club to have achieved this treble.

Since then, seven European teams, six African clubs, two Oceanian clubs, one Asian club and two North American clubs have equalled the feat. Raja Casablanca's 1999 season has also been called a "continental treble", as they won the CAF Champions League, the CAF Super Cup and the Afro-Asian Club Championship.[4] Among European sides, AFC Ajax have come the closest to defending all three titles, retaining the Dutch Eredivisie and European Cup in 1973, but failing to win the KNVB Cup.

After winning the 2010 Champions League final, Internazionale became the sixth club in Europe, and first Italian club, to win a European treble, having already won the Serie A title and Coppa Italia in the same season.[5] This achievement gave José Mourinho the unique distinction of being the first manager to win two European trebles (one being with the UEFA Cup). It was the second consecutive season that a European treble was achieved. Samuel Eto'o played in the third Champions League final of his career, and with Internazionale's triumph over Bayern Munich became the first player to win two European trebles in consecutive seasons.

In 2013, Bayern Munich became the seventh European team and first German team to win this type of treble after winning the Bundesliga, UEFA Champions League and DFB-Pokal.

Club Country Confederation Year(s) Titles won
Santos Brazil Brazil CONMEBOL 1962[a] Campeonato Paulista, Taça Brasil, Copa Libertadores
Celtic Scotland Scotland UEFA 1966–67[b] Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup
Ajax Netherlands Netherlands 1971–72 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Liverpool England England 1983–84 Division 1, League Cup, European Cup
PSV Netherlands Netherlands 1987–88 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Manchester United England England 1998–99 Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League
Porto Portugal Portugal 2002-03 Portuguese Liga, Portuguese Cup, UEFA Cup
Barcelona Spain Spain 2008–09 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Internazionale Italy Italy 2009–10 Serie A, Coppa Italia, UEFA Champions League
Porto Portugal Portugal 2010–11 Portuguese Liga, Portuguese Cup, UEFA Europa League
Bayern Munich Germany Germany 2012–13 Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, UEFA Champions League
Cruz Azul Mexico Mexico CONCACAF 1968-69 Primera División de México, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 1985 TT Pro League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Englebert Democratic Republic of the Congo DR Congo CAF 1967 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Vita Club Zaire Zaire 1973 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
MC Algiers Algeria Algeria 1976 Algerian Championnat National, Algerian Cup, African Cup of Champions
Hearts of Oak Ghana Ghana 2000 Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly Egypt Egypt 2006 Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League
Espérance Tunisia Tunisia 2011 Tunisian League, Tunisian President Cup, CAF Champions League
Auckland City New Zealand New Zealand OFC 2006 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Waitakere United New Zealand New Zealand 2008 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League

Domestic Treble[edit]

This type of treble consists of a club winning three or four of their country's titles (top-tier league, cup, league cup), all during one season. Many countries do not have a third domestic (e.g. League Cup) competition, besides competitions consisting of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups), so achieving a domestic treble is impossible (e.g. Germany as nowadays).

Brazil has an unofficial "Triple Crown", a name given to a team that wins the national league, the national cup, and their state league.

Note that trophy competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups in general) are generally not counted as part of a treble.

Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won Titles won
Rangers Scotland Scotland
7
1949, 1964, 1976, 1978, 1993, 1999, 2003[6] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
South China Hong Kong Hong Kong
6
1972, 1987, 1988, 1991, 2002, 2007 Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1972), Hong Kong League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Viceroy Cup (1987), Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (and Viceroy Cup) (1988, 1991), Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2002), Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (2007)
Kaizer Chiefs South Africa South Africa
5
1976, 1977, 1981, 1989, 1992 National Premier Soccer League, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (1976, 1977, 1981), National Soccer League, MTN 8, Telkom Knockout (1989), National Soccer League, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (1992)
Linfield Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
4
1994, 2006,[c] 2008 Irish Premier League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (and Irish FA Charity Shield) (1994), Irish Premier League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (2006, 2008)
Shamrock Rovers Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
3
1925, 1932, 1964[7] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Celtic Scotland Scotland
3
1967, 1969, 2001[8] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
Nissan Motors Japan Japan
2
1988, 1989 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Eastern Hong Kong Hong Kong
2
1993, 1994 Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup
PSG France France
2
1995, 1998 Coupe de France, Trophée des Champions, Coupe de la Ligue
Levski Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria
2
1984,[9] 2007 Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army (1984)
Bayern Munich Germany Germany
2
2000 Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, DFB Ligapokal
Kedah Malaysia Malaysia
2
2007, 2008[10] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Orlando Pirates South Africa South Africa
2
1973, 2011 National Premier Soccer League, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (1973), Premier Division, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (and Telkom Knockout) (2011)
Buriram PEA / Buriram United Thailand Thailand
2
2011, 2013 Thai Premier League, Thai FA Cup, Thai League Cup
Bohemians Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
1
1928[11] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Fall River Marksmen United States USA
1
1930[12] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Brookhattan United States USA
1
1945[13] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Toronto Croatia Canada Canada
1
1971[14] NSL Cup, NSL Regular Season Champion, NSL Playoff Champion
Mitsubishi Motors Japan Japan
1
1978 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Servette Switzerland Switzerland
1
1979 Nationalliga A, Swiss Cup, Swiss League Cup
CSKA Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria
1
1989[9] Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army - non-official trophy 1983-1990) (and Bulgarian Supercup)
Derry City Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
1
1989[15] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup
Mamelodi Sundowns South Africa South Africa
1
1990 National Soccer League, MTN 8, Telkom Knockout
Melbourne Knights Australia Australia
1
1995[16] NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final
Barry Town Wales Wales
1
1997 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Al-Ittihad FC  Saudi Arabia
1
1997 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Kashima Antlers Japan Japan
1
2000 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Cruzeiro Brazil Brazil
1
2003[17] Campeonato Mineiro, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Rhyl Wales Wales
1
2004[18] Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Al-Hilal  Saudi Arabia
1
2005 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Brøndby Denmark Denmark
1
2005 Danish Superliga, Danish Cup, Danish League Cup[d]
Sun Hei Hong Kong Hong Kong
1
2005[19] Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (and Hong Kong League Cup)
Al-Sadd Qatar Qatar
1
2007[20] Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup
Melbourne Victory Australia Australia
1
2009 A-League Pre-Season Challenge Cup, A-League Premiership, A-League Championship
Debreceni Hungary Hungary
1
2010 Nemzeti Bajnokság I, Magyar Kupa, Ligakupa (and Szuperkupa)
Kitchee Hong Kong Hong Kong
1
2012 Hong Kong League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup
Kelantan Malaysia Malaysia
1
2012[21] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Atlético Nacional Colombia Colombia
1
2013[22] Categoría Primera A Torneo Apertura, Copa Colombia, Categoría Primera A Torneo Finalización
Lincoln Gibraltar Gibraltar
1
2014 Gibraltar Premier Division, Rock Cup, Gibraltar Premier Cup
Benfica Portugal Portugal
1
2014 Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal, Taça da Liga

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raja aiming high once more. FIFA (2008-06-04). Retrieved on 2009-06-23 - 'continental treble' mentioned in this article.
  2. ^ Spiers, Graham (2008-01-30). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/football/scotland/article3274019.ece Walter Smith demands final push as Rangers target domestic treble. The Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  3. ^ Ralston, Gary (2008-09-26). Domestic treble for Rangers will make up for failure in Europe, says Pedro Mendes. Daily Record. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  4. ^ FIFA.com - Raja aiming high once more
  5. ^ "Inter join exclusive treble club". uefa.com. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Records and Honours. Rangers Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  7. ^ Roll of Honour. Shamrock Rovers FC. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  8. ^ Celtic Honours. Celtic Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-05-18.
  9. ^ a b "Treble in association football – theory and history", 24 Chasa newspaper, Retrieved on 2010-02-15
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Role of Honour. Bohemian Football Club. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  12. ^ Litterer, Dave. "The Year In American Soccer, 1930". The USA Soccer History Archives. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  13. ^ Litterer, Dave. "The Year In American Soccer, 1945". The USA Soccer History Archives. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  14. ^ Croatian National Sports Club history at a glance
  15. ^ Derry City FC - A Concise History. Derry City Football Club Website (2009-02-08). Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  16. ^ The Dynasty Begins
  17. ^ Relação Dos Títulos Oficiais Do Cruzeiro (Portuguese)
  18. ^ - Rhyl FC - Honours
  19. ^ "Sun Hei lift Cup to sweep four titles". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  20. ^ Al-Sadd Trophies and awards
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ [3]

External links[edit]