|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
|Nickname(s): The Seat of Provincial Government; Drug and Gambling Free City|
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|Congr. districts||6th District of Cavite|
|Cityhood||May 24, 1955|
|• Mayor||Melandres Granado de Sagun Jr. (UNA)|
|• Vice-Mayor||Alexander C. Lubigan (UNA)|
|• Total||39.10 km2 (15.10 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Trece Martires, officially City of Trece Martires (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Trece Martires) is a component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. The city was the former provincial capital, and still serves as the seat of the provincial government of Cavite, where most of the provincial offices are located. The city was named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, a group of prominent Caviteños who were convicted of rebellion and executed by the Spanish colonial government on September 12, 1896 in the old port city of Cavite during the Philippine Revolution. According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 104,559 people with a land area of 39.10 km2 (15.10 sq mi) and an income classification of 4th class.
Trece Mártires is located in the heart of Cavite. It is bounded by Tanza town to the north and west; Naic to the west; Amadeo and Indang to the south; and General Trias to the east. It is located about 48.3 km (30.0 mi) from Manila, the capital of the Philippines, or about an hour by car.
Trece Martires City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays (4 urban and 9 rural). The city was subdivided into thirteen barangays, which is not a coincidence but was planned by Senator Justiniano Montano and Congressman Jose Cajulis when creating the city. Each barangay was named after one of the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite to commemorate their bravery and heroism. Below are the names of the thirteen barangays and their previous names before the City's Charter was passed on May 24, 1954.
|Barangay||Previous name||Barangay captain|
|Aguado||Fiscal Mundo||Librado E. Sierra|
|Cabezas||Palawit||Marcelino V. Alarca|
|Conchu||Lagundian||Anselmo L. Trinidad|
|De Ocampo||Quintana I||Tomas A. Garcia|
|Hugo Perez||Lukbanan||Manolito Villanueva|
|Inocencio||Bagong Pook||Teodoro Atas|
|Lallana||Panukang Gubat||Carlito Leachon|
|San Agustin||Quintana II||Amado Q. Masicap|
Trece Martires started as one of the largest and most remote barrios of Cavite. Originally named Quinta or Quintana, it was part of the municipality of Tanza. The land was basically agricultural subdivided into cattle ranches and sugar farms, with less than one thousand hectares, located at the intersection of the present Tanza-Indang Road and the Naic-Dasmariñas Road (now Governor's Drive).
The city was established on May 24, 1954 under Republic Act No. 981 ("The Charter of Trece Martires City") as approved by President Ramón Magsaysay. The Republic Act also transferred the provincial seat of government from Cavite City to Trece Martires. The original bill, House Bill 1795, was authored by Congressman Jose T. Cajulis (1954–1957) and Senator Justiniano S. Montano (1949–1956).
Under the city charter, the Governor of Cavite is also ex-officio Mayor of Trece Martires; then-Governor Dominador Mangubat was installed as the city's first chief executive. On January 2, 1956, the provincial capitol was formally inaugurated, the same day the newly elected Governor, Delfin N. Montano (the son of former Senator Justiniano Montano) was sworn into office. He served in both offices from 1956 to 1971.
On June 22, 1957 the original act was amended by Republic Act 1912 increasing its territory to 3,917 hectares (9,680 acres), more or less. Consequently, the municipalities of Indang and General Trias had to yield parts of their respective areas to this territorial expansion.
Former President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1163 relocating the capital and seat of government from Trece Martires to Imus City. Governor Juanito Remulla requested Marcos in September 1979 to transfer the capital back to Trece Martires City. As of 2011, the provincial capital is still Imus City, but most of the provincial offices are still located in Trece Martires City.
On March 31, 1992, the Republic Act no. 7325 was approved by President Corazon C. Aquino amending the charter of Trece Martires City, allowing the city to vote their own local officials for the first time.
|Population of Trece Martires City|
- St. Jude Thaddeus Church (Brgy. San Agustin)
- World Mission Church (Brgy. Inocencio)
- Seventh-day Adventist Church (Cabuco and Conchu)
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (Brgy. Conchu)
- St. Gregorio Magno Church (Brgy. Inocencio)
- Unida Church (Brgy. De Ocampo)
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Brgy. San Agustin)
- UCCP Church (Brgy. Osorio)
- Sancturay of Praise (Brgy. Inocencio)
- Iglesia Ni Cristo
Industrialization and commercialism has replaced agriculture as the major source of economy for the city. Its economic growth has attracted immigration from other municipalities especially from Metro Manila, the population as of 2010 has reached 104,559 people. The population in 1995 was only 20,451. The city's other major source of income are revenues from real property taxes.
The most noteworthy fact about this city is its cleanliness and the absence of any form of gambling. The city has been awarded in the fields of nutrition, health services, cleanliness, literacy, education and social services.
For the past years (2010-onwards), the city gradually developed its economy for it supported the construction of Walter Mart Trece Martires, the largest Walter Mart in Cavite along Governor's Drive cor. City Hall, which was opened in November 29, 2012, and Puregold Jr. Trece Martires along Governor's Drive in Barangay Hugo Perez
- The town fiesta of Trece Martires City is celebrated every October 27–28 in honor of Saint Jude Thaddeus.
- The charter anniversary known as Araw ng Trece Martires (Trece Martires Day) is celebrated on May 24 each year.
- Feast of Holy Cross is celebrated on September 14.
- The Death Anniversary of Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite is also celebrated annually during September 12 to commemorate the martyrdom of the Thirteen Martyrs who were executed for joining the revolt of Katipunan during the Spanish Era. Activities like exhibits and the reenactment of the Thirteen Martyrs were done during the celebration. For this year's reenactment, the city organised an inter-school competition where Trece Martires City National High School- Main Campus won against other schools within the cty.
|Position||Name of Elected Official|
|Mayor||Melandres G. De Sagun|
|Vice-Mayor||Alexander C. Lubigan|
|Sangguniang Panlungsod Member
|Carlito G. Aure|
|Denver P. Colorado|
|Francisco P. Cunanan Jr.|
|Venancio M. Gatdula|
|Romeo G. De Sagun|
|Lamberto B. Lubigan|
|Mark Albert L. Montehermoso|
|Angelito M. Villanueva|
The city government provides the following assistance to its indigent: financial, medical, emergency, school fees and burial expenses. It has extensive programs for the elderly, solo parents, out-of-school youths and mothers. One of its programs is their blood donation activity every March, May, September and December; Balik Eskwela (school supplies distribution to all public elementary and high school students); clean and green; revitalization of agricultural lands, high school and college scholarship and their livelihood programs. These programs all look good on paper, but are mundane in actuality.
The Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital in Bgy. Luciano is a government-run hospital for the people of the city which has a 250-bed capacity. The hospitals in the city that are owned and run privately are Korea-Philippines Friendship Hospital in Bgy. Luciano; the MV Santiago Medical Center in Bgy. De Ocampo; the Treceño Medical Pavillon Hospital also in Bgy. Luciano.
- Barangay Osorio
- Barangay Inocencio
- Barangay De Ocampo
- barangay Conchu
The fire station of the city is located in Brgy. San Agustin, Trece Martires with Allan Sison as the Fire Marshall and Senior Inspector.
- Trece Martires City National High School-Main (San Agustin Campus)
- Trece Martires City National High School-Conchu Annex
- Francisco Osorio National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School-Osorio Annex)
- Eugenio Cabezas National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School-Cabezas Annex)
- Luis Aguado National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School-Southville Annex)
- Trece Martires National High School (Cabuco Annex)
Trece Martires City schools were awarded to be the most ready in the country on the Brigada Eskwela 2012 of Department of Education. Trece Martires City Elementary School topped the Exceptional Category for Elementary Schools in Region IV-A and Trece Martires City National High School as First also in the Exceptional Category for Secondary Schools.
- Saint Jude Parish School
- Dei Gracia Academy
- Elim Christian Academy
- John Merced Academy
- Krislizz International Academy
- Lyceum of Cavite-East
- New Generation International School
- Notre Dame of Trece Martires City
- Academy of St. John Nepomucene
- Saint Thomas Becket Academy
- Sto. Niño de Praga Academy
- Amore International School
- Colegio de Santa Rosa
- Marella Christianne Institute
- Fabulous Christian Academy
- Gateway International School of Science and Technology
- Trece Martires City College
- Cavite State University - Trece Martires City Campus
- Colegio de Amore
- Imus Computer College (ICC) Trece Martires City Branch
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "The Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite". Philippine Center for Masonic Studies. Retrieved on 2012-06-10.
- "Trece Martires City - Geography". Cavite Provincial Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-11.
- "Manila to Trece Martires City". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2012-06-10.
- "Trece Martires City - Brief History". Cavite Provincial Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-11.
- "An Act Establishing the New Capital of the Province of Cavite, and Providing a Charter Therefor, and for Other Purposes". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "Republic Act No. 1912". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved on 2012-06-11.
- "Quick Facts". Cavite Official Provincial Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-11.
- "Republic Act No. 7325". PhilippineLaw.info. Retrieved on 2012-06-11.
- "1995 Population Census". National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-06-10.
- "Trece Martires City - Quick Facts (2000 population)". Cavite Provincial Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trece Martires.|
- Official website of the City of Trece Martires
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2010 Philippine Census Information