Tree Island, South China Sea
For the "Tree Island" in Tuen Mun District, New Territories, Hong Kong, see Pak Chau.
Tree Island, also known as Zhaoshu Island, (Chinese: 赵述岛; Chinese: 趙述島; pinyin: Zhaoshu Dao;Vietnamese: Đảo Cây) is one of the main islands of the Paracel Islands group in the South China Sea. In 1947, the Chinese named the island Zhaoshu Dao to commemorate Zhao Shu (Chinese: 赵述) who accompanied Zheng He's expeditions in high seas (1405-1433). The area of the island is 22 hectares (54 acres) (0.22 km²). It is under the administration of Hainan Province of People's Republic of China through the Zhaoshudao Village Committee. The island is also claimed by the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Vietnam.
- The name Shu Dao (Chinese: 树岛; literally: "tree island") is homologous to "Tree Island". It was coined [by the Republic of China] in 1935.
- The names An Dao (Chinese: 暗岛; literally: "dark island"), Chuan'an Dao (Chinese: 船暗岛; literally: "boat dark island"), and Chuanwan Dao (Chinese: 船晚岛; literally: "boat evening island"), are traditionally used among the Hainanese fishermen as the island was discovered at night some centuries ago.
The island is open to tourists. Tourists may require political examination in Haikou of Hainan Province before taking a tour there, and can hire a fishing boat from Hainan. There is beach volleyball equipment and facilities located on the island; there are also the ruins of a Chinese temple dating back to the Ming dynasty.
PRC's baselines declaration
The Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea (May 15th, 1996): Three 3 points on Zhaoshu Dao (Tree Island) are the baseline points of the Chinese territorial sea:
- Zhaoshu Dao(1) 16° 59.9' N, 112° 14.7' E
- Zhaoshu Dao(2) 16° 59.7' N, 112° 15.6' E
- Zhaoshu Dao(3) 16° 59.4' N, 112° 16.6' E
- Paracel Islands
- North Island (北岛/đảo Bắc)
- Middle Island (中岛/đảo Trung)
- South Island (南岛/đảo Nam)
- Rocky Island (石岛/đảo Đá)
- Lincoln Island (东岛/đảo Linh Côn)
- Triton Island, (中建岛/đảo Tri Tôn)
- Bombay Reef (浪花礁/đá Bông Bay)
- North Reef (北礁/đá Bắc)
- "西南中沙群岛的旅游资源" (in Chinese). Hainan Daily. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Department of Land Administration (2005). "2005-19.海南諸島礁名稱 Location of Islands on South China Sea" (MS Excel) (in Chinese and English). Department of Social Affairs, Ministry of the Interior (Republic of China). Retrieved 6 June 2014. "An MS Excel file containing a list of 170 maritime features in the South China Sea, including their latitudes and longitudes."
- "Khẳng định quần đảo Hoàng Sa thuộc Việt Nam" (in Vietnamese). VietnamPlus, Vietnam News Agency. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea" (PDF). 15 May 1996. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Territorial sea steles erected in east China". shanghaidaily.com. 13 September 2006.[dead link]
- Locate Zhaoshudao on GOOGLEMAP.
- 中华人民共和国政府关于中华人民共和国领海基线的声明(1996年5月15日).[dead link]
- "中国重申拥有西沙南沙群岛及附近海域主权". sina.com.cn. 4 January 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2014.