Tree Island, South China Sea

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For the "Tree Island" in Tuen Mun District, New Territories, Hong Kong, see Pak Chau.


Tree Island, also known as Zhaoshu Island, (Chinese: 赵述岛; Chinese: 趙述島; pinyin: Zhaoshu Dao;Vietnamese: Đảo Cây) is one of the main islands of the Paracel Islands group in the South China Sea. In 1947, the Chinese named the island Zhaoshu Dao to commemorate Zhao Shu (Chinese: 赵述)[1] who accompanied Zheng He's expeditions in high seas (1405-1433). The area of the island is 22 hectares (54 acres) (0.22 km²). It is under the administration of Hainan Province of People's Republic of China through the Zhaoshudao Village Committee. The island is also claimed by the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Vietnam.[2][3]

Other names[edit]

  • The name Shu Dao (Chinese: 树岛; literally: "tree island") is homologous to "Tree Island". It was coined [by the Republic of China] in 1935.[1]
  • The names An Dao (Chinese: 暗岛; literally: "dark island"), Chuan'an Dao (Chinese: 船暗岛; literally: "boat dark island"), and Chuanwan Dao (Chinese: 船晚岛; literally: "boat evening island"), are traditionally used among the Hainanese fishermen as the island was discovered at night some centuries ago.[citation needed]


The island is open to tourists. Tourists may require political examination in Haikou of Hainan Province before taking a tour there, and can hire a fishing boat from Hainan. There is beach volleyball equipment and facilities located on the island; there are also the ruins of a Chinese temple dating back to the Ming dynasty.[citation needed]

PRC's baselines declaration[edit]

The Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea (May 15th, 1996): Three 3 points on Zhaoshu Dao (Tree Island) are the baseline points of the Chinese territorial sea:[4]

  • Zhaoshu Dao(1) 16° 59.9' N, 112° 14.7' E
  • Zhaoshu Dao(2) 16° 59.7' N, 112° 15.6' E
  • Zhaoshu Dao(3) 16° 59.4' N, 112° 16.6' E

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "西南中沙群岛的旅游资源" (in Chinese). Hainan Daily. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Department of Land Administration (2005). "2005-19.海南諸島礁名稱 Location of Islands on South China Sea" (MS Excel) (in Chinese and English). Department of Social Affairs, Ministry of the Interior (Republic of China). Retrieved 6 June 2014. "An MS Excel file containing a list of 170 maritime features in the South China Sea, including their latitudes and longitudes." 
  3. ^ "Khẳng định quần đảo Hoàng Sa thuộc Việt Nam" (in Vietnamese). VietnamPlus, Vietnam News Agency. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea" (PDF). 15 May 1996. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°59′N 112°14′E / 16.983°N 112.233°E / 16.983; 112.233