The tube is made from a long straight piece of pine or spruce (preferably one that has been struck by lightning). This is split in two in order to carve out the core. The halves are once again joined together and then wrapped in birch bark or osier rings. It is also used by shepherds for signaling and communication in the forested mountains and for guiding sheep and dogs. The trembita has a timbre that is much brighter than those of the Alpenhorn due to its narrow bore and very minor flare.
The trembita has no lateral openings and therefore gives the pure natural harmonic series of the open pipe. The upper harmonics are the more readily obtained by reason of the small diameter of the bore in relation to the length.
The notes of the natural harmonic series overlap, but do not exactly correspond, to notes found in the familiar chromatic scale in standard Western equal temperament. Most prominently within the trembita's range, the 7th and 11th harmonics are particularly noticeable because they fall between adjacent notes in the chromatic scale.
In the hands of a skilled composer or arranger, the natural harmonics can be used to haunting melancholy effect or, by contrast, to create a charming pastoral flavor.
Today it is often used in Ukrainian ethnographic ensembles and as an episodic instrument in the Ukrainian folk instrument orchestra.
- Alphorn, used by mountain dwellers in Switzerland and elsewhere.
- Bucium, a type of alphorn used by mountain dwellers in Romania.
- Erke, a similar instrument of Argentine Northwest.
- Ukrainian folk music Polish folk music Slovak folk music
- "The Origin of the European Folk Music Scale: A New Theory", This hypothesizes that the trembita, and natural/pastoral instruments like it, may be the originators European folk song melodies. It also shows that they the early Christian Church forbade the modus lascivius (lustful mode), and it is this mode that the trembita plays.
- Humeniuk, A (1967). Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
- Mizynec, Victor (1987). Folk instruments of Ukraine. Doncaster: Bayda Books. ISBN 0-908480-19-9. OCLC 19355447.
- Cherkasky, Leonid Musiiovych (2003). Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty. Kiev: Tekhnika. ISBN 966-575-111-5. OCLC 56112444.
- Demonstration of trembita performance
- Mr Plyushko explains about trembita to students (Ukrainian)
- Christmas call by trembitas