Trembita

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Trembita
Other names HS#:423.121-12
Classification
Playing range
c1-g4
Related instruments
This article is about a wooden horn. For a manufacturer of stringed instruments, see Trembita Musical Instrument Factory.

The trembita (Ukrainian: Трембіта) is a Dacian, Ukrainian, Polish, and Slovakian alpine horn made of wood.

Used primarily by mountain dwellers known as Hutsuls and Gorals in the Carpathians. It was used as a signaling device to announce deaths, funerals, weddings.

The tube is made from a long straight piece of pine or spruce (preferably one that has been struck by lightning). This is split in two in order to carve out the core. The halves are once again joined together and then wrapped in birch bark or osier rings. It is also used by shepherds for signaling and communication in the forested mountains and for guiding sheep and dogs. The trembita has a timbre that is much brighter than those of the Alpenhorn due to its narrow bore and very minor flare.

The trembita has no lateral openings and therefore gives the pure natural harmonic series of the open pipe. The upper harmonics are the more readily obtained by reason of the small diameter of the bore in relation to the length.

The notes of the natural harmonic series overlap, but do not exactly correspond, to notes found in the familiar chromatic scale in standard Western equal temperament. Most prominently within the trembita's range, the 7th and 11th harmonics are particularly noticeable because they fall between adjacent notes in the chromatic scale.

Harmonic Series.png

In the hands of a skilled composer or arranger, the natural harmonics can be used to haunting melancholy effect or, by contrast, to create a charming pastoral flavor.

Trembita showed in 2004 Eurovision Song Contest by the Ukrainian winner of contest Ruslana during the performance of song Wild Dances.

Today it is often used in Ukrainian ethnographic ensembles and as an episodic instrument in the Ukrainian folk instrument orchestra.

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