A rare tremoloa with staggered soundholes on display in the Dickinson County Historical Museum
|Other names||Hawaiian tremoloa, fr: Trémoloa|
(Board zither sounded by a plectrum)
|Inventor(s)||Harold Finney, John H. Large|
|Developed||Early 20th century|
The tremoloa //, plural tremoloas, is a stringed instrument belonging to the chord group family of the fretless zither family. It was produced in America in response to the rapid increase in popularity of Hawaiian music during the 1920s, and continued to be produced until the 1950s. Musical collective Broken Social Scene features the instrument in "Tremoloa Debut."
The tremoloa simulates the tonal effects of the Hawaiian steel guitar by passing a weighted roller stabilized by a swinging lever termed an arm, along a melody string. Following, moving the roller after plucking creates tremolo, an effect which gave rise to the its name. Additionally, the tremoloa possesses four chords (C, G, F, and D major), to strum out the harmony.
- Brooks, Edouard (July 2013). "Tremoloa Documents Archive". Tremoloa Documents Archive. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- Miner, Gregg and Kelly Williams (July 2011). "Fretless Zither Categories and Sub-Categories". Fretless Zithers. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- Other accessories for Hawaiian tremoloa (PDF), Manufacturers Advertising Company
- Goering, Jurgen (16 April 2000). "'Hawaiian Tremoloa' Zitheroid". Mechanical Music Digest Archives. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Williams, Kelly (6 January 2002). "Tremoloa". The Guitar-Zither Clearinghouse. Retrieved 25 April 2009.
- US patent 1847303, Finney, Harold & Large, John, "Stringed musical instrument", issued 1932-3-1, assigned to International Musical Corporation
- Williams, Kelly (6 January 2002). "Tremoloa". The Guitar-Zither Clearinghouse.
- Brooks, Edouard (July 2013). "Tremoloa Documents Archive".
- Graeme. "Tremoloa (monotype zither)". Museumofworldmusic.com.
- Calhoun, Jim (April 4, 2005). "Tremoloa". Broadway Music Company. Cherokee Point Productions, Broadway Music Company.
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