Trempealeau County, Wisconsin

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Trempealeau County, Wisconsin
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Trempealeau County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Seat Whitehall
Largest city Arcadia
Area
 • Total 742 sq mi (1,922 km2)
 • Land 733 sq mi (1,898 km2)
 • Water 9 sq mi (23 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 28,816
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.tremplocounty.com

Trempealeau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,816.[1] Its county seat is Whitehall.[2]

History[edit]

Patches of woodland are all that remain of the brush and light forest that once covered the county. In ancient times, the woodlands contained a great deal of timber, but Native Americans burned them periodically to encourage the growth of berries. They did little cultivation and had been almost completely removed from the area by 1837.[3]

French fur traders were the first Europeans to enter this land. At the mouth of the Trempealeau River, which flows from northeast to southwest across the county on its way to the Mississippi River, they found a bluff surrounded by water and called it "La Montagne qui trempe à l’eau," which means "mountain with its foot in the water." The name was later shortened.[4] The county is named after the river.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 742 square miles (1,920 km2), of which 733 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 9 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water.[6] It is part of the Driftless Zone.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Trempealeau County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,560
1870 10,732 319.2%
1880 17,189 60.2%
1890 18,920 10.1%
1900 23,114 22.2%
1910 22,928 −0.8%
1920 24,506 6.9%
1930 23,910 −2.4%
1940 24,381 2.0%
1950 23,730 −2.7%
1960 23,377 −1.5%
1970 23,344 −0.1%
1980 26,158 12.1%
1990 25,263 −3.4%
2000 27,010 6.9%
2010 28,816 6.7%
Est. 2012 29,297 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2012[1]
Fairgrounds in Galesville
Entrance sign to Trempealeau County in the Town of Ettrick

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 27,010 people, 10,747 households, and 7,243 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 inhabitants per square mile (14 /km2). There were 11,482 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.81% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.0% were of Norwegian, 24.6% German and 17.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.9% spoke English, 1.6% Norwegian and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,747 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

Communities[edit]

Cities, towns, and villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gamroth, 1976, p. 5, 87
  4. ^ Elkins, 1985, p.1
  5. ^ "Winnebago Took Its Name from an Indian Tribe". The Post-Crescent. December 28, 1963. p. 14. Retrieved August 25, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  • Elkins, Winston (1985). Trempealeau and the Mississippi River Dam. Trempealeau County, WI: Trempealeau County Historical Society. 
  • Gamroth, Clarence J. (Ed.) (1976). Historical Album, 100 Years, Independence, Wisc. Independence, WI: City of Independence. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°18′N 91°21′W / 44.30°N 91.35°W / 44.30; -91.35