Trena Cox

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St Etheldreda, a work by Trena Cox in St Stephen, Prenton, Birkenhead

Trena Mary Cox (1895–1980) was an English stained glass artist. She was born Emma Trina Cox on 3 March 1895, in the Lower Bebington Urban District (i.e. not Bebbington), on the Wirral Peninsula and grew up around Birkenhead.[1] She trained at the Laird School of Art. In 1924 she moved to Chester and set up her studio in Victoria Road Chester, Cheshire, either adjacent to, or within, the Kaleyard works of Williams, Gamon & Co., with whom she remained associated until the Second World War.[note 1] In about 1945, Trena Cox moved to 96 Watergate Street, Chester,[note 2] which remained her home and, at least later, her studio, until she retired in 1972 (at the age of 77) and died, on 11 February 1980[1][2] (not in 1977, as frequently quoted). Most of her works are in churches in the old counties of Cheshire and Lancashire.[1] She was a fellow of the British Society of Master Glass Painters.[3] The authors of the Buildings of England series comment that "her windows are usually small, her figures modest, often with small-scale detail in the quarries" (small pieces of square or diamond-shaped glass set diagonally).[4]

Until the publication of Jones (2012),[1] there was very little coherent information available about the life of Trena Cox and errors in some earlier references, concerning, for example, the year of her death, have unfortunately been perpetuated by later authors.

Works[edit]

Building Location Date Subject, notes and references
Chester College Chapel Chester, Cheshire
53°11′56″N 2°53′48″W / 53.1989°N 2.8966°W / 53.1989; -2.8966 (Chester College Chapel)
1923, 1933, 1962 A number of windows in the chapel and in its corridor.[5]
Cloister, Chester Cathedral Chester, Cheshire
53°11′31″N 2°53′26″W / 53.1919°N 2.8905°W / 53.1919; -2.8905 (Chester Cathedral)
1925–27 Eight figures in the southwest corner of the cloister.[6]
Slype, Chester Cathedral Chester, Cheshire
53°11′31″N 2°53′26″W / 53.1919°N 2.8905°W / 53.1919; -2.8905 (Chester Cathedral)
1927 Saint Christopher.[7][8]
Church of St Mary and All Saints Whalley, Lancashire
53°49′27″N 2°24′15″W / 53.8241°N 2.4041°W / 53.8241; -2.4041 (Church of St Mary and All Saints, Whalley)
1928 East window in the north chapel, depicting Saint George, Saint Nicholas, and King Arthur.[9][10]
Trevor Church Trevor, Wrexham, Wales
52°58′20″N 3°06′23″W / 52.9723°N 3.1065°W / 52.9723; -3.1065 (Trevor Church)
1930 Crucifixion.[11][12]
St Stephen's Church Prenton, Birkenhead, Merseyside
53°22′09″N 3°02′29″W / 53.3691°N 3.0415°W / 53.3691; -3.0415 (St Stephen's Church, Prenton)
1932 Several small windows.[13][14]
St Michael's Church Blundellsands, Merseyside
53°29′41″N 3°02′36″W / 53.4946°N 3.0433°W / 53.4946; -3.0433 (St Michael's Church, Blundellsands)
1932; 1933 Annunciation; Saint Christopher.[15][16]
Church of the Resurrection and All Saints Caldy, Wirral, Merseyside
53°21′30″N 3°09′51″W / 53.3584°N 3.1641°W / 53.3584; -3.1641 (Church of the Resurrection and All Saints, Caldy)
1933; 1946 Saint George, Saint Werburgh, Saint Bridget, and Saint Martin.[17][18]
St Michael's Church Huyton, Merseyside
53°24′50″N 2°50′24″W / 53.4140°N 2.8400°W / 53.4140; -2.8400 (St Michael's Church, Huyton)
1933 Simeon with Jesus; Mary sitting at Jesus' feet.[19][20]
St Bartholomew's Church Thurstaston, Wirral. Merseyside
53°20′55″N 3°07′56″W / 53.3485°N 3.1321°W / 53.3485; -3.1321 (St Bartholomew's Church, Thurstaston)
1934; 1951 Two windows.[21]
St Werburgh's Church Chester, Cheshire
53°11′28″N 2°52′57″W / 53.1911°N 2.8824°W / 53.1911; -2.8824 (St Werburgh's Church, Chester)
1936 A set of eight small windows in the narthex.[22][23]
Holy Trinity Church Lower Beeding, West Sussex
51°02′00″N 0°15′40″W / 51.0332°N 0.2610°W / 51.0332; -0.2610 (Holy Trinity Church, Lower Beeding)
1936 Good Shepherd.[24][25][26]
St Michael's Church Shotwick, Cheshire
53°14′20″N 2°59′42″W / 53.2388°N 2.9951°W / 53.2388; -2.9951 (St Michael's Church, Shotwick)
1938 Saint Michael.[27]
Chapel of St Mary de Castro,
Chester Castle
Chester, Cheshire
53°11′07″N 2°53′30″W / 53.1854°N 2.8918°W / 53.1854; -2.8918 (Chapel of St Mary de Castro, Chester Castle)
1939 A small version of the Mother and Child.[28][29]
St Matthew's Church Stretton, Cheshire
53°20′25″N 2°34′18″W / 53.3404°N 2.5717°W / 53.3404; -2.5717 (St Matthew's Church, Stretton)
1939 West window.[30]
Holy Trinity Church Bickerton, Cheshire
53°04′37″N 2°43′58″W / 53.0769°N 2.7327°W / 53.0769; -2.7327 (Holy Trinity Church, Bickerton)
c. 1940 [31]
Christ Church Crowton, Cheshire
53°15′59″N 2°37′52″W / 53.2664°N 2.6312°W / 53.2664; -2.6312 (Christ Church, Crowton)
1946 Mother and Child.[32]
St Oswald's Church Bidston, Birkenhead, Merseyside
53°24′09″N 3°04′02″W / 53.4024°N 3.0671°W / 53.4024; -3.0671 (St Oswald's Church, Bidston)
1947 Epiphany.[33][34]
St Ambrose Church Widnes, Cheshire
53°22′21″N 2°42′44″W / 53.3725°N 2.7123°W / 53.3725; -2.7123 (St Ambrose Church, Widnes)
1947 A window given by German prisoners of war, depicting Saint Boniface.[35]
St Matthew's Church Buckley, Flintshire, Wales
53°10′28″N 3°04′21″W / 53.1745°N 3.0726°W / 53.1745; -3.0726 (St Matthew's Church, Buckley)
1948 Christ in Glory as a Child in the south wall of the south aisle.[36]
St Lawrence's Church Stoak, Cheshire
53°15′12″N 2°51′55″W / 53.2534°N 2.8654°W / 53.2534; -2.8654 (St Lawrence's Church, Stoak)
1948 Saint Christopher and Saint George moved here from Christ Church, Chester, in 1997.[37][38]
St James' Church Leyland, Lancashire
53°41′24″N 2°43′57″W / 53.6900°N 2.7325°W / 53.6900; -2.7325 (St James' Church, Leyland)
1949 Saint Michael; Saint George.[39][39][40][41]
St John the Evangelist's Church Norley, Cheshire
53°14′59″N 2°39′28″W / 53.2496°N 2.6579°W / 53.2496; -2.6579 (St John the Evangelist's Church, Norley)
1949 The west window of the north aisle.[32][42]
Emmanuel Church Buckley, Flintshire, Wales
53°10′04″N 3°05′18″W / 53.1678°N 3.0882°W / 53.1678; -3.0882 (Emmanuel Church, Buckley)
1950; 1962 Scenes from the birth and early life of Christ on the south wall.[43][44]
All Saints Church Bubwith, East Yorkshire
53°49′01″N 0°55′14″W / 53.8170°N 0.9206°W / 53.8170; -0.9206 (All Saints Church, Bubwith)
1951 Te Deum.[45]
Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham Walsingham, Norfolk
52°53′41″N 0°52′33″E / 52.8947°N 0.8758°E / 52.8947; 0.8758 (Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham)
1955 Annunciation.[46]
St Aiden's Church Wheatley Hills, Doncaster,
South Yorkshire
53°32′11″N 1°05′56″W / 53.5364°N 1.0990°W / 53.5364; -1.0990 (St Aiden's Church, Wheatley Hills)
1957 Vision of St. John on Patmos.[47]
Shrewsbury Cathedral Shrewsbury, Shropshire
52°42′19″N 2°45′14″W / 52.7053°N 2.7540°W / 52.7053; -2.7540 (St John the Evangelist's Church, Norley)
1960 A window with armorial items in the porch.[48]
All Saints' Church Daresbury, Cheshire
53°20′26″N 2°37′52″W / 53.3406°N 2.6312°W / 53.3406; -2.6312 (All Saints' Church, Daresbury)
c. 1960 Two windows.[49]
St John the Baptist's Church Chester, Cheshire
53°11′20″N 2°53′08″W / 53.1890°N 2.8856°W / 53.1890; -2.8856 (St John the Baptist's Church, Chester)
1969 Aethelred and the Hind, in the narthex.[50][51]
St Mary Magdalen's Church Tallern Green, Wrexham, Wales
52°59′31″N 2°49′38″W / 52.9920°N 2.8273°W / 52.9920; -2.8273 (St Mary Magdalen's Church, Tallern Green)
1970 An Angel Greets the Three Women at the Empty Tomb in the south wall of the nave.[52]
Wrexham Cathedral Wrexham, Wales
53°02′50″N 2°59′56″W / 53.0473°N 2.9989°W / 53.0473; -2.9989 (Wrexham Cathedral)
1970 Saint Michael and angels on the east wall of the south transept.[53]
The Priory and Parish Church of Saint Mary (Beddgelert) Beddgelert, Gwynedd, Wales
53°00′40″N 4°06′06″W / 53.0111°N 4.1017°W / 53.0111; -4.1017 (Priory Church of St Mary, Beddgelert)
Undated Virgin and Child and David on the north wall of the nave.[54]
St Peter's Church Chester, Cheshire
53°11′25″N 2°53′30″W / 53.1904°N 2.8918°W / 53.1904; -2.8918 (St Peter's Church, Chester)
Undated On the west side of the church.[55]
St Chad's Church Farndon, Cheshire
53°05′02″N 2°52′39″W / 53.0840°N 2.8774°W / 53.0840; -2.8774 (St Chad's Church, Farndon)
Undated Three windows.[56]
St James' Church Ince, Cheshire
53°16′53″N 2°49′36″W / 53.2813°N 2.8266°W / 53.2813; -2.8266 (St James' Church, Ince)
Undated Saint Francis and Saint Werburgh.[57]
St Michael and All Angels Church Little Leigh, Cheshire
53°16′44″N 2°34′42″W / 53.2790°N 2.5783°W / 53.2790; -2.5783 (St Michael and All Angels Church, Little Leigh)
Undated [58]
St Stephen's Church Moulton, Cheshire
53°13′22″N 2°31′00″W / 53.2227°N 2.5168°W / 53.2227; -2.5168 (St Stephen's Church, Moulton)
Undated Two west windows and two in the north aisle.[59]
Holy Trinity Church Northwich, Cheshire
53°15′28″N 2°31′08″W / 53.2577°N 2.5188°W / 53.2577; -2.5188 (Holy Trinity Church, Northwich)
Undated Christmas scenes.[60]
St Trillo's Chapel Rhos-on-Sea, Conwy, Wales
53°18′52″N 3°44′26″W / 53.3144°N 3.7406°W / 53.3144; -3.7406 (St Trillo's Chapel, Rhos-on-Sea)
Undated Saint Elian in the south wall.[61]
Holy Cross Church Woodchurch, Birkenhead, Merseyside
53°22′21″N 3°05′21″W / 53.3725°N 3.0892°W / 53.3725; -3.0892 (Holy Cross Church, Woodchurch)
Undated A window in the north aisle.[62]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cox's first known stained glass window is in the Chester College (now University) chapel and was installed in October 1924 (Minutes of the Joint Committee, Chester Training College, 15 October 1924). This window has Trena Cox's monogram on it, yet the window was contracted to Williams, Gamon & Co. (The Collegian, Vol 38, No 1, 1925).
  2. ^ Cox exhibited several times in the Walker Gallery Autumn Exhibitions in Liverpool. In the exhibition catalogue for the 1923 Autumn Exhibition, her home address is given as her parents' address in Birkenhead, as it also is for her 1924 exhibit at the Royal Academy in London. However, in the 1924 Walker Gallery Autumn Exhibition catalogue her address is given as being in Chester. Trena Cox moved to 96 Watergate Street at some time around the Second World War. During the years up to and including 1939, electoral registers confirm that she was living at other addresses in Chester. However, by the time of the first electoral register after the war, in May 1945, she had moved to 96 Watergate St. However, she apparently continued using the Victoria Road studio alongside or within the Williams, Gamon & Co. works during the war and until at least 1946, with evidence including, for example, the Kelly's Directory of Cheshire, 1939 (p. 94, p. 584), the Kelly's Chester Directory of 1940 (p. 112) and Chester Area telephone directories in January – February 1945 and March 1946. This suggests that she may not have used her new home as a studio immediately. By the time of the January 1947 telephone directory, however, the only telephone number for Trena Cox is at the Watergate Street address, suggesting a break from the Victoria Road studio.

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Jones 2012, pp. 11–14.
  2. ^ GRO 1980, Jan–Mar, Chester, v.35, p.0290
  3. ^ Architects and Artists C, Sussex Parish Shurches, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  4. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 72.
  5. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 277.
  6. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 233.
  7. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 234.
  8. ^ Saint Christopher, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  9. ^ Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 687.
  10. ^ King Arthur & St George, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  11. ^ Crucifixion (1930) by Trena Cox, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  12. ^ Detail of a Trena Cox stained glass window, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  13. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 158.
  14. ^ St Etheldreda, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  15. ^ Annunciation, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  16. ^ St Christopher, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  17. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 199.
  18. ^ SS George, Werburgh, Bridget & Martin, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  19. ^ Simeon with Jesus, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  20. ^ Mary sitting at Jesus' feet, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  21. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 637.
  22. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 244.
  23. ^ St Christopher, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  24. ^ The Good Shepherd, a stained glass window by Trena Cox, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  25. ^ Detail of a Trena Cox stained glass window, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  26. ^ A Nativity vignette, by Trena Cox, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  27. ^ St Michael, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  28. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 247.
  29. ^ Mary & the baby Jesus, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  30. ^ Pollard & Pevsner 2006, p. 629.
  31. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 130.
  32. ^ a b Stained Glass Windows at Christ Church Crowton and St John's Norley, United Benefice of Norley, Crowton and Kingsley, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  33. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 152.
  34. ^ Adoration of the Magi, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  35. ^ Pollard & Pevsner 2006, pp. 656–657.
  36. ^ Christ in Glory as a Child, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  37. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 591.
  38. ^ St Christopher & St George, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  39. ^ a b Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 422.
  40. ^ St Michael & St George, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  41. ^ Tracery of a Trena Cox window, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  42. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 510.
  43. ^ Scenes from the Birth of Christ, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  44. ^ Scenes from the Early Life of Christ, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  45. ^ Te Deum window, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  46. ^ Cobb, Fr Peter, Stained Glass in the Shrine Church, Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  47. ^ The vision of St John, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  48. ^ Newman & Pevsner 2006, p. 533.
  49. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 325.
  50. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 239.
  51. ^ King Ethelred & the White Hynde, Yahoo!, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  52. ^ An Angel Greets the Three Women at the Empty Tomb, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  53. ^ St Michael, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  54. ^ Virgin and Child with St David, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  55. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 243.
  56. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 359.
  57. ^ St. James the Great, Ince, Church of England, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  58. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 432.
  59. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 490.
  60. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 513.
  61. ^ St Elian, University of Wales, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  62. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 684.

Sources