Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party

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Trentino Tyrolean
Autonomist Party
Partito Autonomista Trentino Tirolese
Secretary Franco Panizza
President Walter Kaswalder
Founded 25 July 1948 (PPTT)
17 January 1988
Merger of UATT and AI
Headquarters corso 3 Novembre, 72
38122 Trento
Ideology Regionalism[1]
Autonomism
Christian democracy[1]
International affiliation none
European affiliation none
European Parliament group no MEPs
Regional Coalition with PD
Chamber of Deputies
1 / 630
Senate
1 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Provincial Council
8 / 35
Website
http://www.patt.tn.it
Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Political parties
Elections

The Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (Italian: Partito Autonomista Trentino Tirolese, PATT) is a regionalist,[1] autonomist[2] and Christian democratic[1] political party in Trentino, Italy.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The party was founded on 25 July 1948 as the Trentino Tyrolean People's Party (PPTT). Between 1972 and 1976 the PPTT was represented in the Italian Senate by Sergio Fontanari. In 1982 a split between the conservative wing, led by Franco Tretter, and the centrist wing of the party, led by longstanding leader Enrico Pruner, occurred. The first group retained the name of the party but then changed it to Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Union (UATT), while second one took the name of Integral Autonomy.[3] In 1988 the two groups were re-united and formed the PATT.

First golden age[edit]

In the 1993 provincial election the party had its best result ever (20.2%), thanks to the crisis of Christian Democracy (DC), and its leader Carlo Andreotti was President of the Province of Trento for the successive five years, at the head of a coalition composed of the PATT and the Italian People's Party, one of the successors of DC, and some minor parties.

In 1998 the party suffered a retreat to 12.4%, due to the success of the newly formed Daisy Civic List (22.2%), with which it entered into coalition. Despite this the PATT formed an alliance with the House of Freedoms and especially Lega Nord Trentino for the 2001 general election, but Giacomo Bezzi was narrowly defeated in the single-seat-constituency of Lavis.[4]

Alliance with the centre-left[edit]

In 2002 the PATT entered in alliance with the Daisy-dominated centre-left coalition. This caused the split of the centre-right faction led by Carlo Andreotti, who formed Autonomist Trentino (TA).

In the 2003 provincial election, Andreotti, who was the candidate for President of the centre-right, was soundly defeated (60.8% to 30.7%) by incumbent Lorenzo Dellai (Daisy), who appointed PATT members in his government. The PATT won just 9.0%, but TA did much worse and garnered a mere 2.2%.[5][6]

After the 2006 general election, thanks to an electoral pact with the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), the PATT was for the second time ever represented in the Chamber of Deputies by its former secretary Giacomo Bezzi.

In 2007 the Trentino Autonomists, which were formed in 2000 by the merger of PATT splinter groups, merged into the PATT.

2008 general and provincial elections[edit]

In the 2008 general election the PATT formed an alliance with the Daisy and the SVP for the Senate (Sergio Muraro, PATT, was the candidate in the single-seat constituency of Pergine Valsugana),[7] while for the Chamber of Deputies the PATT supported the SVP. Prior to the electoral campaign Giacomo Bezzi, who was not running for re-election, announced that he was to vote for the centre-right in the election.[8] Also would-be Senator Muraro did not rule out the possibility of an alliance with the centre-right, if Silvio Berlusconi would have become Prime Minister again.[9] In the election the centre-left was for the first time defeated in Trentino[10] and Muraro was not elected.[11] This bad result brought the PATT into a bitter turmoil. Bezzi finally left the party and formed the Popular Autonomists (PA), along with two minor regionalist parties, Autonomist Trentino and the Popular Autonomy Movement.

In the 2008 provincial election the PA supported Sergio Divina, senator and leader of Lega Nord Trentino, as candidate for President, while the PATT chose to continue its alliance with the centre-left Democratic Party (PD) and Lorenzo Dellai's Union for Trentino (UpT). Dellai was re-elected by a landslide and the PATT gained 8.5% of the vote and three provincial deputies.[12] The PATT took part to the new government of Dellai with two provincial ministers, Ugo Rossi and Franco Panizza.

2013 general and provincial elections[edit]

For the 2013 general election PATT formed an alliance with the SVP, the UpT and the PD.[13][14] This led to the best result ever for the party in a general election: Mauro Ottobre was elected deputy in the SVP's list,[15] which gained 4.8% in Trentino, and Franco Panizza was elected senator in the constituency of Trento.[16]

In the run-up of the 2013 provincial election Ugo Rossi of the PATT won the centre-left primary election.[17]

In the provincial election Rossi was elected President with a landslide 58.1% of the vote,[18] while the PATT garnered 17.6%[19] and 7 elects in the Provincial Council (plus Rossi).[20] A former leader of the party, Giacomo Bezzi, stood as candidate for Forza Trentino and gained a mere 4.3% of the vote.

The PATT contested the 2014 European Parliament election in alliance with the SVP,[21] whose list was supported also by the UpT.[22] The list won 12.2% in Trentino.[23]

Popular support[edit]

The electoral results of the PATT in Trentino since 1992 are shown in the table below.

1992 general 1993 provinc. 1994 general 1994 European 1996 general 1998 provinc. 1999 European 2001 general 2003 provinc. 2004 European 2006 general 2008 general 2008 provinc. 2009 European 2013 general 2013 provinc. European
5.7[24] 20.2 18.6[25] 11.3[24] 15.4[25] 12.4 2.9[24] 6.0[24] 9.0 3.8[24] 5.1[24] 4.8[24] 8.5 6.1[24] 4.8[24] 17.6 12.2[24]

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ André Gingrich; Marcus Banks (2006). Neo-nationalism in Europe and Beyond: Perspectives from Social Anthropology. Berghahn Books. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-1-84545-190-5. 
  3. ^ http://trentinocorrierealpi.repubblica.it/dettaglio/Quando-tremo-lintero-consiglio/1521706
  4. ^ ::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Camera del 13 Maggio 2001
  5. ^ http://www.elezioni.provincia.tn.it/2003_10_26/index.html
  6. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe
  7. ^ Civica Margherita del Trentino
  8. ^ Lo strappo di Bezzi: "Io voto per Divina" | Trentino
  9. ^ Muraro: "Berlusconi? Non dico se lo voterei" | Trentino
  10. ^ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/camera080413/C060830000.htm
  11. ^ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/senato080413/S040030000.htm
  12. ^ http://www.elezioni2008.provincia.tn.it/
  13. ^ Patto per l'autonomia Svp-Pd-Patt - Trentino-Alto Adige/Suedtirol - ANSA.it
  14. ^ Patto per l’Autonomia: «Impegni che Monti ci ha negato» | Notizie | PATT
  15. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/camera/scrutini/20130224/C060000000.htm
  16. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/S040010000.htm
  17. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/13_luglio_13/pd-primarie-trentino-rossi-in-testa_fa376650-ec05-11e2-8187-31118fc65ff2.shtml
  18. ^ Elezioni 2013 - Provincia autonoma di Trento
  19. ^ Elezioni 2013 - Provincia autonoma di Trento
  20. ^ Elezioni 2013 - Provincia autonoma di Trento
  21. ^ Pd, Svp, Patt E Sloveni Insieme Per Le Europee | Notizie | Patt
  22. ^ Notizia del 02.05.2014 | Unione per il Trentino
  23. ^ [Scrutini] Europee - Elezioni del 25 maggio 2014 - Ministero dell'Interno
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In list with the South Tyrolean People's Party at the national level.
  25. ^ a b This result refers to single-seat constituencies, as the party did not presented a list for proportional representation.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]