Trenton, Ohio

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Trenton, Ohio
City
Location of Trenton, Ohio
Location of Trenton, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°28′55″N 84°27′34″W / 39.48194°N 84.45944°W / 39.48194; -84.45944
Country United States
State Ohio
County Butler
Area[1]
 • Total 4.56 sq mi (11.81 km2)
 • Land 4.56 sq mi (11.81 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 650 ft (198 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 11,869
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 12,126
 • Density 2,602.9/sq mi (1,005.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45067
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-77322[5]
GNIS feature ID 1061703[2]
Website www.ci.trenton.oh.us

Trenton is a city in northeastern Butler County, Ohio, United States, west of Middletown. Originally in Madison Township, it later annexed land in Wayne Township. The population was 11,869 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Trenton is located at 39°28′55″N 84°27′34″W / 39.48194°N 84.45944°W / 39.48194; -84.45944 (39.481909, -84.459460).[6] The city lies on the west bank of the Great Miami River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.56 square miles (11.81 km2), all of it land.[1]

History[edit]

Trenton was originally called Bloomfield, and under the latter name was platted in 1815. Bloomfield was named for Joseph Bloomfield, governor of New Jersey. In 1831, it was discovered that there was already a Bloomfield post office in Ohio, and so the town was renamed Trenton, after the state capital of Trenton, New Jersey.[7]

Trenton was once a stop on the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railway.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 387
1910 564 45.7%
1920 618 9.6%
1930 636 2.9%
1940 777 22.2%
1950 987 27.0%
1960 3,064 210.4%
1970 5,278 72.3%
1980 6,401 21.3%
1990 6,189 −3.3%
2000 8,746 41.3%
2010 11,869 35.7%
Est. 2012 12,126 2.2%
[9][10][11][5][12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 11,869 people, 4,160 households, and 3,258 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,602.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,005.0 /km2). There were 4,454 housing units at an average density of 976.8 per square mile (377.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 1.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 4,160 households of which 47.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.7% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.18.

The median age in the city was 32.2 years. 31% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.7% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 8,746 people, 3,189 households, and 2,519 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,310.4 people per square mile (891.0/km²). There were 3,376 housing units at an average density of 891.8 per square mile (343.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.24% White, 0.48% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 3,189 households out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,933, and the median income for a family was $54,794. Males had a median income of $40,621 versus $26,703 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,451. About 3.1% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Trenton is served by Edgewood High School.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bert S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: B.F. Bowen, 1905.
  • Jim Blount. The 1900s: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: Past Present Press, 2000.
  • Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio: The Office, 2003.
  • A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County, Ohio with Illustrations and Sketches of Its Representative Men and Pioneers. Cincinnati, Ohio: Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882. [1]
  • Ohio. Secretary of State. The Ohio municipal and township roster, 2002-2003. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 2003.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Bartlow, Bert Surene (1905). Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. B. F. Bowen. p. 352. 
  8. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World: Part II M to Z. Concept Publishing Company. p. 1856. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  9. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]