Treriksröset

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Treriksröset

Treriksröset (in Swedish), Treriksrøysa (in Norwegian), Kolmen valtakunnan rajapyykki (in Finnish) is the point at which the borders of Sweden, Norway and Finland meet. It is an example of a geographical feature known as a tripoint.

The name can be translated into English as "Three-Country Cairn", and is named for the monument of stones erected in 1897 by the governments of Norway and Russia (which was administering Finland at the time). The Swedish could not agree on a boundary commission with the Norwegians and did not contribute their stone until 1901. This is Sweden's most northerly point and it is the westernmost point of the Finnish mainland (the most westerly point of Finland is on the island Märket).

View from the boardwalk to the "Three-Country Cairn".

The tripoint monument itself is a yellow dome-shaped stone made of concrete, located about 10 metres (33 ft) out in Lake Goldajärvi (also known as lake Koltajauri). It is located at 489 metres (1,604 ft) above sea level. The monument was built in 1926. The size is about 14 square metres (150 sq ft) with diameter of about 4 metres (13 ft). It is mentioned as the world's smallest island divided by a border, even if that is a matter of definition.[citation needed]

It is reached by walking 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Kilpisjärvi in Finland on a public road. In summertime, it can be reached by boat from Kilpisjärvi plus a 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) walk.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Treriksröset
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9
(16)
−9
(16)
−4
(25)
−2
(28)
4
(39)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
6
(43)
−1
(30)
−4
(25)
−7
(19)
0.7
(33.3)
Average low °C (°F) −20
(−4)
−20
(−4)
−16
(3)
−7
(19)
−2
(28)
4
(39)
7
(45)
4
(39)
0
(32)
−5
(23)
−12
(10)
−18
(0)
−7.1
(19.2)
Source: SMHI.se[2]

See also[edit]

  • Treriksrøysa - the article about the two places in Norway where three nations meet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Treriksröset". Karesuando.se. Retrieved 2010-04-11.  (Swedish)
  2. ^ "Weather Information for Treriksröset 1961-1990". Swedish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 

Coordinates: 69°03′35.9″N 20°32′55.1″E / 69.059972°N 20.548639°E / 69.059972; 20.548639