Moneyer

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A moneyer is someone who physically creates money. Moneyers have a long tradition, dating back at least to ancient Greece. They became most prominent in the Roman Republic, continuing into the empire.

Roman Republican moneyers[edit]

R/ M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA FF around large S C: Cohen 515

In the Roman Republic, moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for striking (and) casting bronze, silver (and) gold (coins)". This was a board of the college of the vigintisexviri. The title was sometimes abbreviated III. VIR. AAAFF. or even III. VIR. A.P.F. (tresviri ad pecuniam feriundum) on the coinage itself. These men were collectively known as the tresviri monetales or sometimes, less correctly, as the triumviri monetales. The singular is triumvir monetalis.[1] In English, they are also sometimes called mint magistrates.

In the early times of the Republic, there are few records of any officers who were charged with the superintendence of the mint, and there is little respecting the introduction of such officers apart from a very vague statement from Pomponius. (de Orig. Jur. Dig. 1. tit. 2. § 30.) It was thought by Niebuhr (Hist, of Rome, iii. p. 646) that they were introduced at the time when the Romans first began to coin silver, in 269 BC, but modern authors consider this too precise a reading of Pomponius.[2] It is known that a college of three was in existence ca 150 BC.[3] A fourth magistrate was added by Julius Caesar in 44 BC during a time when the mint output was particularly large (in preparation for a war against Parthia).

These magistrates were responsible for the production of the Roman coinage. They were not simple mint workers (monetarii), they were officials who controlled the process, including the design on the coins themselves. Membership in the vigintisexvirate was the first step on the cursus honorum, the age when the post could be held appears to have been approximately 30,[4] and there is some evidence that the position was appointed rather than elected.[5]

Some coins appear to have been special issues bearing the legend S C or EX S. C. (ex senatus consulto). Some of these special issues do not bear the signature of a triumvir monetalis, but the inscription CVR. X. FL. i. e. curator denariorum flandorum, or are signed by praetors (P), aediles (CVR AED), or quaestors (Q).

In any case, the magistrate's control of the legend on the coinage lent itself to the production of coins containing political messages. This was self-advertising to further the political career of the moneyers themselves or that of their patrons; in a word, propaganda.[6]

This article incorporates text from Smith 1875, which is in the public domain.

List of moneyers[edit]

211-188 BC: First Denarii to the Peace of Apamea[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
63 N/A C 211 211 L. Cornelius Lentulus Pr. 211
64 N/A MA 210 210 P. Manlius Vulso Manlius Vulso Æ Sextans 138187.jpg
Pr. 210
65 Aurelia 9-14 AVR 209 209 C. Aurunculeius Pr. 209
74 Terentia 2-3 VAR 209 208  ? Terentius Varro  ?
75 Aelia 2 C.AL 209 208 C. Aelius  ?
81 N/A CN.CO 211 209 Cn. Cornelius Dolabella Rex.Sacr. 208-180
101 N/A KOP VAL 211 210 M. Valerius Laevinus Propr. 211
111 Aelia 1 AL 211 208 Aelius  ?
125 Lutatia 1 QLC 206 200 Q. Lutatius Catulus or Q. Lutatius Cerco  ?
126 Terentia 1 VAR 206 200 A. Terentius Varro Pr. 184
132 Caecilia 1-7 ME 194 190 Caecilius Metellus  ?
133 Baebia 1,3-11 TAMP 194 190 Cn. Baebius Tamphilus or M. Baebius Tamphilus Pr. 168 or Cos. 181
134 Plautia 1-7 LPLH 194 190 L. Plautius Hypsaeus  ?
138 Maenia 1 P.MAE 194 190 P. Maenius  ?
143 Maenia 2-6 Q.MAE 189 180 Q. Maenius Pr. 170
144 Furia 1-6 LFP 189 180 L. Furius Philus Pr. 171
146 Autronia 1 AVTR 189 180 L. Autronius  ?
147 Domitia 1-2, 6 CN.DOM 189 180 Cn. Domitius Cn.f. L.n. Ahenobarbus Cos. 162
148 Maria 1-6 Q.MARI 189 180 Q. Marius  ?
149 Mamilia 1-5 L.MAMILI 189 180 L. Mamilius  ?
150 Titinia 1-6 M.TITINI 189 180 M. Titinius M.f or M. Titinus Curvus  ? or Pr. 178
151 Furia 17 S.FV 189 180 S. Furius  ?
152 Quinctilia 1 SEX.Q 189 180 Sextus Quinctilius  ?
153 Calpurnia 1 CN.CALP 189 180 Cn. Calpurnius  ?
154 Coilia 1 L.COIL 189 180 L. Coelius Leg. 170-169

188-146 BC: Peace of Apamea - Sack of Carthage and Corinth[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
155 Furia 7,9,11 PVR 179 170 L. Furius Purpureo Cos. 196
161 Juventia 1-6 TAL 179 170 P. Iuventius Thalna Pr. 149
162 Matiena 2-8 MAT 179 170 Matienus  ?
173 Clovia 6-10 C.SAX 169 158 C. Cluvius Saxula Pr. 173
174 Caecilia 8-12 A.CAE 169 158 A. Caecilius A.f.  ?
176 Aemilia 1 PAE 169 158 Paetus  ?
178 Cornelia 11-14 CINA 169 158 L. Cornelius Cinna Cos. 127
180 Clovia 1-5 SAX 169 158 Saxula  ?
185 Terentia 4-6, 8-9 VARO 169 158 A. Terentius Varo commissioner to L. Mummius, Cos. 146
186 Licinia 1-5 MVRENA 169 158 L. Licinius Murena Pr. ?, commissioner to L. Mummius, Cos. 146
187 Furia 13,8 PVR 169 158 Furius Purpurio  ?
188 Opeimia 1-5 OPEIMI 169 158 Q. Opimius Cos. 154
189 Cornelia 6-10 P.BLAS 169 158 P. Cornelius P.f. Blasio Pr. 140s
190 Opeimia 7-11 OPEI 169 158 Q. Opimius Cos. 154
191 Valeria 1-6 VAL 169 158 Valerius  ?
193 Papiria 1-5 TVRD 169 158 Papirius Turdus Tr.Pl. 177
199 Atilia 1-6bis SAR 155 155 Sex. Atilius Saranus/Serranus Cos. 136
200 Pinaria 2-7 NAT 155 155 Pinarius Natta  ?
201 Scribonia 1-7 C.SCR 154 154 C. Scribonius C.f. Praef.Soc. 181
202 Juventia 7 C.TAL 154 154 C. Iuventius P.f. Thalna  ?
203 Maiania 1-6 C.MAIANI 153 153 C. Maianius  ?
204 Saufeia 1-5 L.SAVF 152 152 L. Saufeius  ?
205 Cornelia 1-5 P.SVLA 151 151 P. Cornelius P.f. Sulla  ?
207 Decimia 1 FLAVS 150 150 Decimius Flavus C.n.  ?
208 Pinaria 1 NATTA 149 149 Pinarius Natta  ?
209 Itia 1 L.ITI 149 149 L. Iteius or Iteilius  ?
210 Junia 1-7 C.IVNI.C.F 149 149 C. Iunius C.f.  ?
211 Caecilius 94 Q.ME 155 149 Q. Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus Cos. 143
214 Atilia 8-15 M.ATILI SARAN 148 148 M. Atilius Saranus M.f.  ?
215 Marcia 1-7 Q.MARC LIBO 148 148 Q. Marcus Libo  ?
216 Sempronia 2-9 L.SEMP PITIO 148 148 L. Sempronius Pitio  ?
217 Terentia 10-14 C.TER LVC 147 147 C. Terentius Lucanus master of Terence?
218 Cupiennia 1 L.CVP 147 147 L. Cupiennius  ?
219 Antestia 1-8 C.ANTESTI 146 146 C. Antestius  ?

145-106 BC: To Marius' first consulate[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
220 Iunia 8 M.IVNI 145 145 M. Iunius D.f. Silanus Tr.Pl between 149 and 123/2
221 Aurelia 19 AN RVF 144 144 T. Annius Rufus Cos. 128
223 Curiatia 1 C.CVR TRIGE 142 142 C. Curiatius Trigeminus  ?
224 Julia 1 L.IVLI 141 141 L. Iulius  ?
225 Atilia 16 L.ATILI NOM 141 141 L. Atilius Nomentanus on the staff of Q. Mucius Scaevola Pr. 120
226 Titinia 7-8 C.TITINI 141 141 C. Titinius  ?
227 Aufidia 1 M.AVF RVS 140 140 M. Aufidius M.f. Rusticus  ?
228 Valeria 7-10 C.VAL C.F FLAC 140 140 C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus  ?
229 Aurelia 16 M.AVRELI COTA 139 139 M. Aurelius L.f. Cotta  ?
230 Spurillia 1 A.SPVRI 139 139 A. Spurilius or Spurius or Spurinna  ?
231 Renia 1-3 C.RENI 138 138 C. Renius  ?
232 Gellia 1-6 CN.GELI 138 138 Cn. Gellius historian
233 Aelia 3 P.PAETVS 138 138 P. Aelius Q.n. Paetus  ?
234 Veturia 1-2 TI.VETVR 137 137 Ti. Veturius T.f. Gracchi  ?
235 Pompeia 1-3 SEX.POM 137 137 Sex. Pompeius Pr. ?119
236 Baebia 12 M.BAEBI Q.F TAMPIL 137 137 M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus  ?
237 Lucretia 1 CN.LVCR TRIO 136 136 Cn. Lucretius Trio  ?
238 Antestia 9-11,13 L.ANTES GRAGV 136 136 L. Antestius Gragulus  ?
239 Servilia 1-4 C.SERVEILI M.F 136 136 C. Serveilius M.f. C.n.  ?
240 Curiatia 2-9 C.CVR F TRIG 135 135 C. Curiatius Trigeminus filius  ?
241 Trebania 1-5 L.TREBANI 135 135 L. Trebanius  ?
242 Minucia 3-6, 8 C.AVG 135 135 C. Minucius C.f. Augurinus  ?
243 Minucia 9-10, 12-14 TI.MINVCI C.F AVGVRINI 134 134 Ti. Minucius C.f. Augurinus  ?
244 Aburia 1-5 C.ABVRI GEM 134 134 C. Aburius Geminus  ?
245 Marcia 8-10 M.MARC MN.F 134 134 M. Marcius Mn.f.  ?
246 Numitoria 1-6 C.NVMITORI 133 133 C. Numitorius C.f. Lem  ?
247 Calpurnia 2-4 P.CALP 133 133 P. Calpurnius  ?
248 Minucia 15-18 L.MINVCI 133 133 L. Minucius  ?
249 Maenia 7-10 P.MAE ANT M.F 132 132 P. Maenius M.f. Antias or Antiaticus  ?
250 Aburia 6-8 M.ABVRI.M.F GEM 132 132 M. Aburius M.F. Geminus  ?
251 Fabrinia 1-4 M.FABRINI 132 132 M. Fabrinius  ?
252 Postumia 1 L.POST.ALB 131 131 L. Postumius L.f. Albinus  ?
253 Opeimia 12-14 L.OPEIMI 131 131 L. Opimius Q.f. Cos. 121
254 Opeimia 16 M.OPEIMI 131 131 M. Opeimus Q.f.  ?
255 Acilia 4-7 M.ACILIVS M.F 130 130 M. Acilius M.f  ?
256 Caecilia 21-26, 15-16 Q.METE 130 130 Q. Caecilius Metellus Cos. 123
257 Terentia 7, Vargunteia 1-5 M.VARG 130 130 M. Vargunteius  ?
258 Julia 2 SEX.IVLI CAISAR 129 129 Sex. Julius Caesar Pr. 123
259 Marcia 11 Q.PILIPVS 129 129 Q. Marcius Q.n. Philippus  ?
260 Cloulia 1 T.CLOVLI 128 128 T. Cloulius (Cloelius)  ?
261 Domitia 14,3-5 CN.DOM 128 128 Cn. Domitius Calvinus or Ahenobarbus  ?
262 Caecilia 38-42 Elephant's Head 128 128 L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus or Delmaticus Cos. 117 or Cos. 119
263 Caecilia 28,29,31-34 M.METELLVS Q.F 127 127 M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus Cos. 115
264 Servilia 5,6,8-11 C.SERVEIL 127 127 C. Servilius Vatia  ?
265 Fabia 5,8,10 Q.MAX 127 127 Q. Fabius Maximus Cos. 116
266 Cassia 1-3 C.CASSI 126 126 C. Cassius C.f. Longinus  ?
267 Quinctia 2-5 T.Q 126 126 T. Quinctius T.f. Flaminius  ?
268 Fabia 11 N.FABI PICTOR 126 126 N. Fabius N.f. Q.n. Pictor  ?
269 Caecilia 14,17,19 C.METELLVS 125 125 C. Caecilius Metellus Caprarius Cos. 113
270 Porcia 3 M.PORC LAECA 125 125 M. Porcius Laeca  ?
271 Acilia 1-3 MN.ACILI BALBVS 125 125 Mn. Acilius Balbus Cos. 114
273 Fabia 1,4 Q.FABI LABEO 124 124 Q. Fabius Q.n. Q.f. Labeo  ?
274 Porcia 1-2 C.CATO 123 123 C. Porcius Cato Cos. 114
275 Fannia 1-3 M.FAN C.F 123 123 M. Fannius C.f.  ?
276 Papiria 6 M.CARBO 122 122 M. Papirius Carbo Pr. ?, Sicily
277 Minucia 1-2 Q.MINV RVF 122 122 Q. Minucius Rufus Leg. 110
278 Plutia 1 C.PLVTI 121 121 C. Plautius C.f.  ?
279 Papiria 7,9 CARB 121 121 Cn. Papirius Carbo  ?
280 Tullia 1 M.TVLLI 120 120 M. Tullius  ?
281 Furia 18 M.FOVRI L.F PHILI 119 119 M. Furius L.f Philus  ?
282/1 Aurelia 20 M.AVRELI SCAVRI 118 118 M. Aurelius M.f. Scaurus Q. ?
282/1 Licinia 11-15 L.LIC 118 118 L. Licinius Crassus Cos. 95
282/1 Domitia 15-19 CN.DOM 118 118 Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus Cos. 96
282/2 Cosconia 1 L.COSCO M.F 118 118 L. Cosconius M.f.  ?
282/3 Poblicia 1 C.MALLE C.F 118 118 C. Publicius Malleolus C.f.  ?
282/4 Pomponia 7 L.POMPONI CN.F 118 118 L. Pomponius Cn.f.  ?
282/5 Porcia 8 L.PORCI LICI 118 118 L. Porcius Licinus  ?
283 Marcia 16-17, Fabia 12-13, Roscia 1-2 Q.MAR 118 117 Q. Marcius  ?
284 Calidia 1,3 M.CALID 117 116 M. Calidius  ?
284 Fulvia 1,2 CN.FOVL 117 116 Cn. Fulvius  ?
284 Caecilia 35-36 Q.MET 117 116 Q. Caecilius Metellus Numidicus or Nepos Cos. 109 or Cos. 98
285 Domitia 7, 9-13 CN.DOMI 116 115 Cn. Domitius Cn.f. Cn.n. Ahenobarbus Cos. 109 or Cos. 98
285 Curtia 2-7 Q.CVRT 116 115 Q. Curtius  ?
285 Junia 9-14 M.SILA 116 115 M. Junius Silanus  ?
286 Sergia 1 M.SERGI SILVS Q 116 115 M. Sergius Silus Q. 116 or 115
288 Cornelia 18 CETEGVS 115 114 Cethegus  ?
289 Cipia 1,3-6 M.CIPI M.F 115 114 M. Cipius M.f.  ?
290 Fonteia 1-6 C.FONT 114 113 C. Fonteius Leg. 91
291 Aemilia 7 MN.AEMILIO LEP 114 113 Mn. Aemilius M.f. Lepidus  ?
292 Licinia 7-10 P.NERVA 113 112 P. Licinius Nerva Pr. 104
293 Marcia 12-14 L.PHILIPPVS 113 112 L. Marcius Q.f. Q.n. Philippus Cos.91
294 Didia 2 T.DEIDI 113 112 T. Didius Cos. 98
295 Manlia 2 L.TORQVA Q 113 112 L. Manlius Torquatus Q. 113 or 112
296 Cornelia 19-23 CN.BLASIO CN.F 112 111 Cn. Cornelius Cn.f. Blasio  ?
297 Quinctia 6 TI.Q 112 111 Ti. Quinctius or Quinctilius  ?
298 Caesia 1 L.CAESI 112 111 L. Caesius or Caesilius  ?
299 Claudia 2-3 AP.CL 111 110 Ap. Claudius Ap.f. C.n. Pulcher Pr. 89, Cos. 79
299 Mallia1-2 T.MANL 111 110 T. Manlius Macinus Tr. Pl. 107
299 N/A Q.VR 111 110 Q. Urbinius  ?
300 Claudia 1 C.PVLCHER 110 109 C. Claudius Ap.f. C.n. Pulcher Cos. 92
301 Porcia 4 P.LAECA 110 109 P. Porcius Laeca Tr. Pl. 90s
302 Flaminia 1 L.FLAMINI CILO 109 108 L. Flaminius Chilo  ?
303 Aquillia 1 MN.AQVIL 109 108 Mn. Aquillius Cos. 101
304 Memmia 1 L.MEMMI 109 108 L. Memmius visited Egypt as senator 112
305 Lutatia 2,5 Q.LVTATI CERCO Q 109 108 Q. Lutatius Cerco Q. 109 or 108
306 Valeria 11 L.VALERI FLACCI 108 107 L. Valerius L.f. L.n. Flaccus Cos. 100
307 Fonteia 7,8 MN.FONTEI 108 107 Mn. Fonteius  ?
308 Herennia 1-4, Cornelia 37 M.HERENNI 108 107 M. Herennius M.f. Cos. 93
309 Manlia 1 A.MANLI Q.F SER 118 107 A. Manlius Q.f. Leg. 107-105
310 Cornelia 17 CN.CORNEL.L.F SISENA 118 107 C. Cornelius L.f. Sisenna Pr. ?119

106-92 BC: Marius' consulates to the Social War[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
311 Cornelia 24 L.SCIP ASIAG 106 106 L. Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus Cos. 83
312 Sulpicia 1-4 C.SVLPICI C.F 106 106 C. Sulpicius C.f.  ?
313 Memmia 2-5 L.MEMMI GAL 106 106 L. Memmius Galeria  ?
314 Aurelia 21 L.COT 105 105 L. Aurelius Cotta Tr.Pl. 103, Pr. ?95
315 Hostilia 1 L.H.TVB 105 105 L. Hostilius Tubulus  ?
316 Thoria 1 L.THORIVS BALBVS 105 105 L. Thorius Balbus Leg. 79
317 Appuleia 1-3 L.SATVRN 104 104 Lucius Appuleius Saturninus Tr.Pl. I:103 II:100
318 Coelia 2,3 C.COIL CALD 104 104 C. Coelius C.f. C.n. Caldus Cos. 94
319 Minucia 19 Q.THERM M.F 103 103 Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus on the consilium of Pompey Strabo at Asculum
320 Julia 4 L.IVLI L.F CAESAR 103 103 L. Julius L.f. Sex.n. Caesar Cos. 90
321 Cassia 4 L.CASSI CAEICIAN 102 102 L. Cassius Caeicianus  ?
322 Fabia 14-16 C.FABI C.F 102 102 C. Fabius C.f. Q.n. Hadrianus Pr. 84
323 Julia 3 L.IVLI 101 101 L. Julius  ?
324 Lucilia 1 M.LVCILI RVF 101 101 M. Lucilius Mn.f. M.n. Rufus  ?
325 Sentia 1 L.SENTI.C.F 101 101 L. Sentius C.f. Pr. ?93-89
326 Fundania 1,2 C.FVNDAN Q 101 101 C. Fundanius Q. 101
327 Servilia 13 M SERVEILI C.F 100 100 M. Servilius C.f. M.n. Vatia Isauricus  ?
328 Servilia 14 P.SERVILI M.F RVLLI 100 100 P. Servilius M.f. Rullus  ?
329 Cornelia 25-27 LENT.MAR.F 100 100 P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus  ?
330 Calpurnia 5 PISO 100 100 L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus Q. Ostiensis 100, Pr. 90
330 Servilia 12 CAEPIO Q 100 100 Q. Servilius Caepio Q. Urbanus 100, ?Pr. 91
331 Vettia 1 P.SABIN Q 99 99 P. (Vettius ?) Sabinus Q. 99
332 Cloulia 2 T.CLOVLI Q 98 98 T. Cloulius (Cloelius) Leg. 83
333 Egnatuleia 1 C.EGNATVLEI C.F Q 97 97 C. Egnatuleius C.f. Q. 97
334 Pomponia 6, 1-5 L.POMPON MOLO 97 97 L. Pomponius L.f. M.n. Molo  ?
335 Poblicia 2-4, 6-8 C.MALL 96 96 C. Publicius Malleolus Q. 80
335 Postumia 2-6 A.ALBINVS S.F 96 96 A. Postumius S(p).f. Albinus d at the battle of the Colline gate, 82
335 Caecilia 45-46 L.METEL 96 96 L. Caecilius L.f. Q.n. Metellus Delmaticus  ?
336 Aelia 4 C.ALLI BALA 92 92 C. Allius Bala  ?

92-79 BC: Social war through Sulla's dictatorship[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
337 Iunia 15-21, 23 D.SILANVS L.F 91 91 D. Junius L.f. Silanus  ?
340 Calpurnia 6-16, 18-21 L.PISO FRVGI 90 90 L. Capurnius L.f. L.n. Piso Frugi Pr. 74
341 Titia 1-7 Q.TITI 90 90 Q. Titius  ?
342 Vibia 1-15 C.VIBIVS C.F PANSA 90 90 C. Vibius C.f. Pansa  ?
343 Porcia 5-7 M.CATO 89 89 M. Porcius Cato  ?
344 Tituria 1-7, Turillia 1-2 L.TITVRI L.F SABIN 89 89 L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus Leg. 75
345 Cornelia 50-53 CN.LENTVL 88 88 Cn. Cornelius Cn.f. Lentulus Clodianus Cos. 72
346 Marcia 18-23 C.CENSORIN 88 88 C. Marcius Censorinus Leg. 82
347 N/A M.FONTEIUS  ? 87 M. Fonteius Q. 84, Pr. 75
348 Rubria 1-6, 8 L.RVBRI DOSSENI 87 87 L. Rubrius Dossenus  ?
349 Memmia 8 L.C.MEMIES L.F GAL 87 87 L. Memmius L.f. Gal.  ?
349 Memmia 8 L.C.MEMIES L.F GAL 87 87 C. Memmius L.f. Gal.  ?
350A Gargilia 1-5 GAR 86 86 C. Gargonius  ?
350A Ogulnia 1-3, 5-12 OGVL 86 86 Ogulnius  ?
350A Vergilia 1, 3-12 VER 86 86 M. Vergilius or Verginius Tr. Pl. 87
351 Fannia 4 M.FAN 86 86 M. Fannius Aed. Pl. 86, Pr. 80
351 Critonia 1 L.CRIT 86 86 L. Critonius Aed. Pl. 86
352 Julia 5-7 L.IVLI BVRSIO 85 85 L. Julius Bursio  ?
353 Fonteia 9-12, 14 MN.FONTEI C.F 85 85 Mn. Fonteius C.f.  ?
354 Licinia 16,17 C.LICINIVS L.F MACER 84 84 C. Licinius L.f. Macer Pr. ?68
355 Cassia 5 C.CASSIVS 84 84 C. Cassius Longinus Cos. 73
355 Julia 8 L.SALINAT 84 84 Livius Salinator Leg. of Sertorius 81
356 Furia 19,20 P.FORIVS CRASSIPES AED.CVR 84 84 P. Furius Crassipes Aed. Cur. 84
357 Norbana 1-2 C.NORBANVS 83 83 C. Norbanus C.f. Pr. 43, Cos. 38
358 N/A LATERENS 83 83 Mn. Iuventius L.f. Laterensis Pr. 51
359 Cornelia 28-30 L.SVLLA IMPER.ITERVM 84 83 L. Cornelius L.f. P.n. Sulla Felix Cos. I 88, II 80
360 Crepusia 2-3 P.CREPVSI 82 82 P. Crepusius  ?
360 Mamilia 7-9 C.LIMETAN 82 82 C. Mamilius C.f. Limetanus  ?
360 Marcia 25-27 L.CENSORIN 82 82 L. Marcius Censorinus  ?
361 Crepusia 1 P.CREPVSI 82 82 P. Crepusius  ?
362 Mamilia 6 C.MAMIL LIMETANUS C.F 82 82 C. Mamilius C.f. Limetanus  ?
363 Marcia 24 L.CENSORIN 82 82 L. Marcius Censorinus  ?
364 Antonia 1 Q.ANTO BALB PR 83 82 Q. Antonius Balbus Pr. 82
365 Valeria 12 C.VAL FLA IMPERAT 82 82 C. Valerius C.f. L.n. Flaccus Procos. 82 transalpine Gaul, Cos. 93
366 Annia 1-5 C.ANNIVS T.F T.N PRO.COS 82 81 C. Annius T.f. T.n. (Luscus) Procos. 82, Spain
366 Fabia 17 L.FABI L.F HISP Q 82 81 L. Fabius L.f. Hispaniensis Q. 82, Spain
366 Tarquitia 1 C.TARQVITI P.F Q 82 81 C. Tarquitius P.f. Q. 82, Spain
367 Cornelia 38-43 L.SVLLA IMPE 84 83 L. Cornelius L.f. P.n. Sulla Felix Cos. I 88, II 80
367 Manlia 3-8 L.MANLI PRO Q 82 82 L. Manlius L.f. Torquatus ProQ. 82, Cos. 65
368 Cornelia 34 L.SVLLA IMPE 84 83 L. Cornelius L.f. P.n. Sulla Felix Cos. I 88, II 80
369 Caecilia 30 M. METELLVS.Q.F 82 80 M. Caecilius Q.f. L.n. Metellus Pius  ?
370 Servilia 7 C.SERVEIL 82 80 C. Servilius  ?
371 Fabia 6 Q.MAX 82 80 Q. Fabius Maximus  ?
372 Postumia 7,8 A.POST A.F S.N ALBIN 81 81 A. Postumius A.f. SP.n. Albinus  ?
374 Caecilia 43,44 Q.C.M.P.IMPER 81 81 Q. Caecilius Q.f. L.n. Metellus Pius Cos. 80
377 Volteia 6 L.VOL L.F STRAB 81 81 L. Volumnius L.f. Ani. on the consilium of Pompey Strabo at Asculum
378 Maria 7-9 C.MARI C.F CAPIT 81 81 C. Marius C.f. Capito  ?
379 Procilia 1-2 L.PROCILI F 80 80 L. Procilius Filius Senator 56
380 Poblicia 9 C.POBLICI Q.F 80 80 C. Publicius Q.f.  ?
381 Cornelia 46-7, Manlia 9-10 A.MANLI A.F Q 80 80 A. Manlius A.f. Q.n.  ?
382 Naevia 6 C.NAE BALB 79 79 C. Naevius Balbus  ?
383 Claudia 5 TI.CLAVD TI.F AP.N 79 79 Ti. Claudius Ti.f. Ap.n. Nero Pr. before 63 or 67.
384 Papia 1 L.PAPI 79 79 L. Papius  ?

78-59 BC: Pompey, Lepidus to Caesar's first consulship[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
385 Volteia 1-5 M.VOLTEI M.F 78 78 M. Volteius M.f  ?
386 Cassia 6 L.CASSI Q.F. 78 78 L. Cassius Q.f. Longinus Pr. 66
387 Rutilia 1 L.RVTILI FLAC 77 77 L. Rutilius Flaccus Senator 72
388 Satriena 1 P.SATRIENVS 77 77 P. Satrienus  ?
389 Rustia 1 L.RVSTI 76 76 L. Rustius  ?
390 Lucretia 2,3 L.LVCRETI TRIO 76 76 L. Lucretius Trio  ?
391 Egnatia 1-3 C.EGNATIVS CN.F CN.N MAXSVMVS 75 75 C. Egnatius Cn.f. Cn.n. Maximus  ?
392 Farsuleia 1-2 L.FARSVLEI MENSOR 75 75 L. Farsuleius Mensor  ?
393 Cornelia 54,55 CN.LEN Q 76 75 Cn. Cornelius P.f. Lentulus Marcellinus Cos. 56
393 Cornelia 54-55 LENT CVR * FL 76 75 Cn. Cornelius P.f. Lentulus Marcellinus Cos. 56
394 Postumia 9 C.POSTVMI AT 74 74 C. Postumius At? or Ta?  ?
395 Cossutia 1 L.COSSVTI C.F SABVLA 74 74 L. Cossutius C.f. Sabula  ?
396 Plaetoria 2 L.PLAETORI L.F Q 74 74 L. Plaetorius L.f. (Cestianus) Q. 74
397 Cornelia 58 P.LENT P.F L.N Q 74 74 P. Cornelius P.f. L.n. Lentulus Spinther Cos. 57
398 Pomponia 23 Q.POMPONI RVFVS 73 73 Q. Pomponius Cn.f. Rufus  ?
399 Crepereia 1-2 Q.CREPEREI M.F ROCVS 72 72 Q. Crepereius M.f. Rocus  ?
400 Axia 1-2 L.AXSIVS L.F NASO 71 71 L. Axsius L.f Naso  ?
401 Aqullia 2 MN.AQVIL MN.F MN.N 71 71 Mn. Aquillius Mn.f.Mn.n Senator 74
402 Pompeia 6 MAGNVS PROCOS 71 71 Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Sex.n. Magnus Cos. I:70, II:55, III:52
403 Fufia 1 KALENI 70 70 Q. Fufius Calenus Cos. 47
403 Mucia 1 CORDI 70 70 P. Mucius Scaevola (Cordus) Pont. 69
404 Vettia 2 T.VETTIVS SABINVS 70 70 T. Vettius Sabinus Pr. 59
405 Plaetoria 5-7,9-10 M.PLAETORIVS CEST 69 69 M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus Pr. ?64
406 Sulpicia 6-7 P.GALB AED.CVR 69 69 P. Sulpicius Galba Pont. 69
407 Hosidia 1-2 C.HOSIDI.C.F GETA III.VIR 68 68 C. Hosidus C.f. Geta proscribed 43
408 Calpurnia 24-29 C.PISO L.F FRVGI 67 67 C. Calpurnius Piso L.f. L.n. Frugi Q. 58
409 Plaetoria 3-4 M.PLAETORIVS M.F CESTIANVS AED.CVR 67 67 M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus Pr. ?64
410 Pomponia 8-22 Q.POMPONI MVSA 66 66 Q. Pomponius Musa  ?
411 Manlia 11-12 L.TORQVAT III VIR 65 65 Lucius Manlius Torquatus Pr. 49
412 Roscia 3 L.ROSCI FABATI 64 64 L. Roscius Fabatus Pr. 49
413 Cassia 10 LONGIN III V 63 63 L. Cassius Longinus Procos 48.
414 Furia 23 L.FVRI CN.F BROCCHI 63 63 L. Furius Cn.f. Brocchus  ?
415 Aemilia 10 PAVLLVS LEPIDVS 62 62 L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus Cos. 50
416 Scribonia 8 LIBO 62 62 L. Scribonius Libo  ?Cos. 34
417 Aemilia 11 PAVLLVS LEPIDVS 62 62 L. Aemilius Paullus Lepidus Cos. 50
417 Scribonia 9 LIBO 62 62 L. Scribonius Libo  ?Cos. 34
418 Calpurnia 22-23 M.PISO M.F FRVGI 61 61 M. Pupius M.f. Piso Frugi Pr. 64
419 Aemilia 20-25 M.LEPIDVS 61 61 M. Aemilius Lepidus III vir r.p.c.
420 Plautia 11-12 P.YPSAE 60 60 P. Plautius Hypsaeus Pr. ?55
421 Nonia 1 SEX.NONI SVFENAS 59 59 M. Nonius Sufenas Pr. 55

58-49 BC: Caesar in Gaul[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
422 Aemilia 8-9 M.SCAVR AED.CVR 58 58 M. Aemilius Scaurus Aed.Cur. 58, Pr. 56
422 Plautia 8-10 P.HVPSAEVS AED.CVR 58 58 P. Plautius Hypsaeus Pr. ?55
423 Servilia 15 C.SERVEIL C.F 57 57 C. Servilius C.f.  ?
424 Considia 1 C.CONSIDI NONIANI 57 57 C. Considius Nonianus  ?
425 Marcia 28-29 PHILIPPVS 56 56 L. Marcius Philippus or Q. Marcius Philippus Cos. 38 or Pr. ?48
426 Cornelia 59-63 FAVSTVS 56 56 Faustus Cornelius L.f. L.n. Sulla Q. 54
427 Memmia 9-10 C.MEMMI C.F 56 56 C. Memmius Tr. Pl. 54
428 Cassia 7-9 Q.CASSIVS 55 55 Q. Cassius Longinus Q. ?52
429 Fonteia 17-18, Didia 1 P.FONTEIVS P.F CAPITO 55 55 P. Fonteius P.f Capito  ?
430 Licinia 18 P.CRASSVS M.F 55 55 P. Licinius M.f. Crassus died at Carrhae 53
431 Plautia 13 A.PLAVTIVS AED.CVR 55 55 A. Plautius Tr.Pl. 56, Aed.Cur. 55, Pr. 51
432 Plancia 1 CN.PLANCIVS AED.CVR 55 55 Cn. Plancius  ?
433 Iunia 30-32 BRVTVS 54 54 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
434 Pompeia 4-5, Cornelia 48,49 Q.POMPEI RVFI 54 54 Q. Pompeius Q.n. Rufus Tr.Pl. 52
435 Valeria 13 MESSAL.F 53 53 M. Valerius Messala Cos. Suff. 32
436 Vinicia 1 L.VINICI 52 52 L. Vinicius Cos. Suff. 33
437 Coelia 4-5, 7-12 CALDVS IIIVIR 51 51 C. Coelius Caldus Q. 50
438 Sulpicia 8 SERV.SVLP 51 51 Ser. Sulpicius Ser.f. Q.n.  ?
439 Cornelia 69, Claudia 11 MARCELLINUS 50 50 P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Q. 48
440 Sicinia 5 Q.SICINIVS III VIR 49 49 Q. Sicinius  ?
441 Claudia 7, Cornelia 68, Neria 1 NERI Q.VRB 49 49 Cn. Nerius Q. Urbanus 49
442 Acilia 8 MN.ACILIVS III.VIR 49 49 Mn. Acilius Glabrio  ?

49-44 BC: Crossing the Rubicon to the Ides of March[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
443 Julia 9 CAESAR 49 48 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
444 Coponia 1-3 C.COPONIVS PR 49 49 C. Coponius Pr. 49
444 Sicinia 1-2, 4 Q.SICINIVS III.VIR 49 49 Q. Sicinius  ?
445 Cornelia 64-67, Neria 2 L.LENTVLVS 49 49 L. Cornelius P.f. Lentulus Crus Cos. 49
445 Claudia 9-10 C.MARC COS 49 49 C. Claudius M.f. M.n. Marcellus Cos. 49
446 Pompeia 8 MAGN.PRO.COS 49 49 Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Sex.n. Magnus Cos. I:70, II:55, III:52
446 Calpurnia 30 CN.PISO PROQ 49 49 Cn. Calpurnius Piso (Frugi?) proQ. 49, Cos. Suff. 23
447 Terentia 15 VARRO PRO.Q 49 49 M. Terentius Varro proQ. 49, Spain
447 Pompeia 7 MAGN.PRO.COS 49 49 Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Sex.n. Magnus Cos. I:70, II:55, III:52
448 Hostilia 2, 4-5 L.HOSTILIVS SASERNA 48 48 L. Hostilius Saserna  ?
449 Vibia 16-21 C.VIBIVS C.F C.N PANSA 48 48 C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus Cos. 43
450 Junia 25-26, Postumia 10-11, 13-14 ALBINVS BRVTI F 48 48 D. Junius Brutus Albinus Cos. Desig. 42
451 Vibia 22 C.VIBIVS C.F C.N PANSA 48 48 C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus Cos. 43
451 Junia27 ALBINVS BRVTI F 48 48 D. Junius Brutus Albinus Cos. Desig. 42
452 Julia 25-29 CAESAR 48 47 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
453 Plautia 14-15 L.PLAVTIVS PLANCVS 47 47 L. Plautius Plancus Pr. 43
454 Licinia 23-27 A.LICINI NERVA III VIR 47 47 A. Licinius Nerva  ?
455 Antia 1-6 C.ANTIVS C.F RESTIO 47 47 C. Antius C.f. Restio proscribed 43
456 Julia 15 CAESAR DICT ITER 47 46 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
457 Alliena 1 A. ALLIENVS PRO.COS 47 47 A. Allienus Pro.Cos. 47
457 Julia 14 CAESAR 47 47 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
458 Julia 10 CAESAR 47 47 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
459 Caecilia 47 Q.METEL.PIVS SCIPIO IMP 47 46 Q. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica Cos. 52
460 Caecilia 48-49, 51-52 Q.METEL.PIVS SCIPIO IMP 47 46 Q. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica Cos. 52
460 Licinia 19-22 P.CRASSUS IVN.LEG.PRO.PR 47 46 P. Crassus Junius Leg., Propr 47
461 Caecilia 50 Q.METEL.PIVS SCIPIO IMP 47 46 Q. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica Cos. 52
461 Eppia 1 EPPIUS LEG.F.C 47 46 M. Eppius Q.52, Legatus fisci castrensis 46. Leg. 44
462 Porcia 9-11 M.CATO PRO.PR 47 46 M. Porcius Cato (Uticensis) Tr.Mil 67-66, 62, Pr. De reptundis 54, Propr 47-46
463 Cordia 1-9 MN.CORDIVS RVFVS IIIVIR 46 46 Mn. Cordius Rufus  ?
464 Carisia 1-13 T.CARISIVS IIIVIR 46 46 T. Carisius  ?
465 Considia 2-11 C.CONSIDI PAETI 46 46 C. Considius Paetus  ?
466 Julia 22-23 C.CAESAR COS.TER 46 46 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
466 Hirtia 1-2 A.HIRTIVS PR 46 46 A. Hirtius Pr. 46
467 Julia 16 COS.TERT DICT.ITER AVGVR PONT.MAX 46 46 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
468 Julia 11-12 CAESAR 46 45 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
469 Pompeia 9 CN.MAGNVS IMP 46 45 Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Imp 46-45
469 Poblicia 10 M.POBLICI LEG.PRO PR 46 45 M. Publicius Leg., Propr 46-5
470 Pompeia 10-12,14 CN. MAGNVS IMP.F 46 45 Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Imp 46-45
470 Minatia 1-3,5 M. MINAT.SABIN.PR.Q 46 45 M. Minatius Sabinus ProQ. 46-5
471 Pompeia 15 CN.MAG.IMP 46 45 Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Imp 46-45
472 Papia 2-7 L.PAPIVS CELSVS III VIR 45 45 L. Papius L.f. Celsus  ?
473 Lollia 1-4 PALIKANVS 45 45  ? Lollius M.f. Palicanus  ?
474 Valeria 14-23 L.VALERIVS ACISCVLVS 45 45 L. Valerius Acisculus Tr. Pl. ?
475 Munatia 1-3 L.PLANC.PRAEF.VRB 45 45 L. Plancius Praef Urb. 45
475 Julia 18-20 C.CAES.DIC.TER 45 45 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
476 Clovia 11 C.CLOVI PRAEF 45 45 C. Clovius Praef. Cisalpine Gaul 46-45
476 Julia 17 CAESAR DIC.TER 45 45 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
477 Pompeia 16-18 SEX.MAGNVS PIVS IMP 45 45 Sex. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Pius Imp 46-45, Cos. Desig 35
478 Pompeia 19 MAGNVS PIVS IMP. F 45 44 Sex. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Pius Imp 46-45, Cos. Desig 35
478 Eppia 2,4 EPPIVS LEG 45 44 Eppius  ?
479 Pompeia 20 MAGNVS PIVS IMP 45  ? Sex. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Pius Imp 46-45, Cos. Desig 35
480/1 Julia 38, Aemilia 12 L.BVCA 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/2 Julia 31, Mettia 3 M.METTIVS CAESAR.DICT.QVART 44 44 M. Mettius  ?
480/3 Julia 32, Mettia 4 M.METTIUS CAESAR IMP 44 44 M. Mettius  ?
480/4 Julia 34, Aemilia 13 CAESAR.IM P M L. AEMILIVS BVCA 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/5 Julia 46, Sepullia 1 CAESAR IMP P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/6 Julia 37, Aemilia 17 L.BVCA CAESAR.DICT PEREPTVO 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/7 Julia 36, Aemilia 15,16 L.BVCA CAESAR.DICT PEREPTVO 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/8 Julia 35, Aemilia 14 L.BVCA 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/9 N/A CAESAR IMP P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/10 Julia 48, Sepullia 3 CAESAR IMP P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/11 Julia 49, Sepullia 4 CAESAR IMP P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/12 N/A CAESAR DICT.PERPETVO P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/13 Julia 50, Sepullia 5 CAESAR DICT.PERPETVO P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/14 N/A CAESAR DICT.PERPETVO P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/15 Julia 42, Cossutia 4 CAESAR DICT.IN.PERPETVO C.COSSVTIVS MARIDIANVS 44 44 C. Cossutius Maridianus  ?
480/16 Julia 41, Cossutia 3 CAESAR DICT.IN.PERPETVO C.COSSVTIVS MARIDIANVS 44 44 C. Cossutius Maridianus  ?
480/17 Julia 33, Mettia 5 CAESAR IMPER M.METTIVS 44 44 M. Mettius  ?
480/18 Julia 47, Sepullia 2 CAESAR IMPER P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/19 Julia 43, Cossutia 2 CAESAR PARENS.PATRIAE C.COSSVTIVS MARIDIANVS AAAFF 44 44 C. Cossutius Maridianus  ?
480/20 Julia 51, Sepullia 6 CAESAR PARENS.PATRIAE P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/21 Julia 52, Sepullia 7 CLEMENTIAE CAESARIS P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/22 Antonia 2, Sepullia 8 P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/23 Mettia 1 M.METTI 44 44 M. Mettius  ?
480/24 Aemilia 18, Julia 39 L.AEMILIVS.BVCA.IIIVIR 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/25 Sepullia 9 P.SEPVLLIVS MACER 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/26 Aemilia 19, Julia 40 L.AEMILIVS.BVCA 44 44 L. Aemilius Buca  ?
480/27 Sepullia 11-12 P.SEPVLLIVS 44 44 P. Sepullius Macer  ?
480/28 Mettia 2 M.METTI 44 44 M. Mettius  ?

44-42 BC: From the Ides of March to Philippi[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
481 Julia 30 CAES.DIC.QVAR.COS.QVINC 44 44 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
482 Julia 13 CAESAR IMP 44 44 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar Cos I:59, II:48, II:46, IV:45, V:44
483 Nasidia 1,2,4, Pompeia 28-30 Q.NASIDIVS 44 43 Q . Nasidius Praef fleet to 35, Praef. Class. 31
484 Antonia 148 C. ANTONIVS M.F PROCOS 43 43 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
485 Flaminia 2-3, Julia 44-45 L.FLAMINIVS CHILO IIII.VIR PRI.FL 43 43 L. Flaminius Chilo  ?
486 Accoleia 1 P.ACCOLEIVS LARISCOLVS 43 43 P. Accoleius Lariscolus  ?
487 Petillia 1-4 PETILLIVS CAPITOLINVS 43 43 Petillius Capitolinus  ?
488 Antonia 4-6, Julia 54-55 M.ANTONI 43 43 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
489 Antonia 8, 10-13, 7, 32 M.ANTONI 43 42 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
489 Aemilia 27-31 M.LEPIDVS 43 42 M. Aemilius M.f. Q.n. Lepidus Cos. I:46, II:42
490 Julia 63-65 C.CAESAR 43 43 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
491 Cestia 1-3 L.CESTIVS 43 43 L. Cestius  ?
491 Norbana 3-5 C.NORBANVS PR 43 43 C. Norbanus Pr. 43
492 Antonia 36, 39 M.ANTONIVS IIIVIR R.P.C. 43 43 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
492 Aemilia 33 M.LEPIDVS.III.VIR.R.P.C. 43 43 M. Aemilius M.f. Q.n. Lepidus Cos. I:46, II:42
492 Julia 75 C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C. 43 43 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
493 Julia 77 C.CAESAR.III.VIR.R.P.C.PONT.AVG 43 43 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
493 Antonia 41 M.ANTONIVS IIIVIR R.P.C.PONT.AVG 43 43 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
494 Livineia 1-13 L.LIVINEIVS REGVLVS 42 42 L. Livineius Regulus  ?
494 Claudia 20,23,Clodia 14-19,21,24 P.CLODIVS M.F 42 42 P. Clodius M.f.  ?
494 Vibia 23-31,33 C.VIBIVS VARVS 42 42 C. V(e)ibius V(a)arus  ?
494 Mussidia 1-15 L.MVSSIDIVS LONGVS 42 42 L. Mussidius T.f. Longus  ?
495 Aemilia 34-25 LEPIDVS PONT.MAX.III VIR R.P.C 42 42 M. Aemilius M.f. Q.n. Lepidus Cos. I:46, II:42
495 Julia 70,71 CAESAR IMP III VIR R.P.C. 42 42 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
496 Antonia 34, 31, 29 M.ANTONI IMP.III VIR R.P.C 42 42 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
497 Julia 66-67, 89 CAESAR III VIR R.P.C. 42 42 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
498 N/A M.AQVINVS.LEG 43 42 M. Aquinus Leg. 43-42
498 Cassia 12 C.CASSI PR.COS 43 42 C. Cassius Longinus ProCos.43-42
499 N/A M.AQVINVS.LEG 43 42 M. Aquinus Leg. 43-42
499 Cassia 13 C.CASSI PR.COS 43 42 C. Cassius Longinus Procos.43-42
500 Cssia 14-18 C.CASSI IMP 43 42 C. Cassius Longinus Procos.43-42
500 Junia 40-41 Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
500 Cornelia 70-76 LENTVLVS.SPINT 43 42 L. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Q.44
501 Junia 34 CAEPIO.BRVTVS PRO.COS 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
502 Junia 36-39 Q.CAEPIO BRVTVS PRO.COS 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
502 Sestia 1-4 L.SESTI PRO.Q 43 42 L. Sestius ProQ. 43-42
503 Junia 35 Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS IMP 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
504 Flavia 1 C.FLAV.HEMIC.LEG.PROPR 43 42 C. Flavius Hemic? Propr 43-42
504 Junia 49 Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS IMP 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
505 Servilia 38-42 M.SERVLIVS.LEG 43 42 M. Servilius Leg. 43-2
505 Cassia 19-21 C.CASSI.IMP 43 42 C. Cassius Longinus Procos.43-42
505 Junia 47-48 Q.CAEPIO.BRVTVS IMP 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
506 Junia 42, 43, 33 BRVTVS IMP 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
506 Pedania 1-2 COSTA LEG 43 42 Pedanius Costa Leg. 43-2
507 Junia 44-46 BRVTVS IMP 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
507 Servilia 35-37 CASCA LONGVS 43 42 P. Servilius Casca Longus Tr.Pl. 43, Leg. 42
508 Junia 50-52 BRVT IMP 43 42 M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) Cos. Desig. 41
508 Plaetoria 11-13 L.PLAET CEST 43 42 L. Plaetorius Cestianus Q. 42
509 Cornuficia 1-4 Q.CORNVFICI.AVGVR.IMP 42 42 Q. Cornuficius Augur 47-42
510 Statia 1 MVRCVS IMP 42 42 L. Staius Murcus Pr. 45,

42-31 BC: Philippi to Actium[edit]

Cr # Babelon # Inscription Start End Moneyer Career Highlight
511 Pompeia 21-27 MAG.PIVS IMP.ITER.PRAEF.CLAS.ET ORAE MARIT 42 40 Sex. Pompeius Cn.f. Cn.n. Magnus Pius Imp 46-45, Cos. Desig 35
512 Clodia 12-13 C.CLODIVS C.F. VESTALIS 41 41 C. Clodius C.f. Vestalis Procos ?
513 Arria 1-3 M.ARRIVS SECVNDVS 41 41 M. Arrius Q.f. Secundus  ?
514 Numonia 1-2 C. NVMONIVS VAALA 41 41 C. Numonius Vaala  ?
515 Sulpicia 9-10 L.SERVIVS RVFVS 41 41 L. Servius Rufus  ?
516 Antonia 434-6 ANT.AVG.IMP.III V.R.P.C. 41 41 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
517 Barbatius 1 M.BARBAT Q.P 41 41 M. Barbatius Pollio Q. 41
517 Cocceius 13 M.NERVA PROQ.P 41 41 M. Cocceius Nerva Cos. 36
517 Gellius 18 L.GELL.Q.P 41 41 L. Gellius L.f. L.n. Poplicola Cos. 36
517 Antonia 30 ANT.AVG.IMP.III V.R.P.C. 41 41 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
518 Julia 91,97 C.CAESAR III VIR R.P.C. 41 41 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
518 Cornelia 78 BALBUS PRO.PR 41 41 L. Cornelius L.f. Balbus Cos. Suff. 40
519 Domitia 20-21 CN.DOMITIVS L.F. IMP.AHENOBAR 41 41 Cn. Domitius L.f. Cn.n. Ahenobarbus Cos. 32
520 Antonia 35 M.ANT.IMP.IIIVIR R.P.C. 40 40 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
521 Domitia 22-23 CN.DOMITIVS IMP.AHENOBARBVS IMP 41 41 Cn. Domitius L.f. Cn.n. Ahenobarbus Cos. 32
521 Antonia 55-56 M.ANTON IMP.III VIR R.P.C. 39 39 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
522 Antonia 57-59 M.ANTON IMP.AVG.III VIR R.P.C. 40 40 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
522 Munatia 4-6 L.PLANCVS 40 40 L. Plancius Procos 40.
523 Julia 92-93 C.CAESAR III VIR R.P.C. 40 40 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
523 Salvia 1-2 Q.SALVIVS IMP.COS.DESIG 40 40 Q. Salvidienus Rufus Salvius Cos.Desig. 40
524 Atia 2-3 Q.LABIENVS PARTHICVS IMP 40 40 Q. Labienus Parthicus  ??????
525 Sempronia 10-13 TI.SEMPRONIVS GRACCVS IIIIVIR Q.DESIG 40  ? Ti. Sempronius Gracchus Q. Desig. ?40
525 Julia 125-128 DIVI IVLI.F 40  ? C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
526 Julia 121-124 DIVI IVLI.F 40  ? C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
526 Voconia 1-4 Q.VOCONIVS VITVLVS Q.DESIGN 40  ? Q. Voconius Vitulus  ?
527 Antonia 33 M.ANT.IMP.IIIVIR R.P.C. 39 39 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
528 Antonia 37-38, 40 M.ANT.IMP.IIIVIR R.P.C.AVG 39 39 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
528 Julia 72-74, 76 CAESAR.IMP.IIIVIR R.P.C.AVG 39 39 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
529 Julia 59-62, 68 C.CAESAR IMP 39 39 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
529 Antonia 14-18, 68 M.ANTONIVS IMP 39 39 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
530 Antonia 65 ANTONIVS IMP  ? 39 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
530 Sempronia 14 L.ATRATINVS AVGVR  ? 39 L. Sempronius Atratinus Cos.Suff. 34
531 Antonia 63 M.ANT.IMP.IIIVIR R.P.C. 39 39 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
531 Ventidia 1 P.VENTIDI.PONT.IMP 39 39 P. Ventidius P.f. Bassus Cos. Suff 43
532 N/A DOM.COS.ITER. IMP 39 39 Cn. Domitius M.f. M.n. Calvinus Cos. I:53, II:40, Pont. 45-20
533 Antonia 68-70, 80 M.ANTONIVS M.F M.N AVGVR IMP.TERT.III VIR R.P.C.COS.DESIG.ITER.ET TERT. 38 38 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
534 Vipsania 1-3 M.AGRIPPA COS.DESIG 38 38 M. (Vipsanius) Agrippa L.f. Cos. I:37, II:28, II:27
534 Julia 129-131 IMP DIVI IVLI F.TER.IIVIR R.P.C. 38 38 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
534 Julia 129-131 IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI F. 38 38 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
535 Julia 98-99 CAESAR DIVI F DIVOS IVLVS 38 38 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
536 Antonia 76-78 M.ANT.AVG III VIR R.P.C.IMP TER 37 37 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
537 Julia 135-136 IMP.CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER.R.P.C.COS.ITER.ET TER.DESIG 37 37 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
538 Julia 140, 137 IMP.CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER.R.P.C.COS.ITER.ET TER.DESIG 37 37 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
539 Antonia 94 ANTONIVS AVGVR COS.DES.ITER.ET.TERT.IMP.TERTIO IIIVIR R.P.C. 36 36 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
540 Julia 138-139 IMP.CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER.R.P.C.COS.ITER.ET TER.DESIG 36 36 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
541 Antonia 91-92 M.ANTONI M.F.M.N.AVG.IMP.ITER.DESIGN.IIIVIR R.P.C. 34 34 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
542 Antonia 96-97 ANTON AVG.IMP.III COS.DES.III III V.R.P.C. 33 33 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
542 Junia 172 M.SILANUS AUG.Q.PRO.COS 33 33 M. Junius Silanus Cos. 25
543 Antonia 95 ANTONI.ARMENIA.DEVICTA CLEOPATRAE.REGINAE.REGVM.FILIORVM.REGVM 32 32 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
544 Antonia 101-130, 132-138 ANT.AVG.IMP.IIIVIR R.P.C. 32 32 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
545 Antonia 146-147 M.ANTONIVS AVG.IMP.IIII.COS.TERT.IIIVIR R.P.C. 31 31 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
545 Turullia 5 D.TVR 31 31 D, Turullius Q.44
546 Pinaria 9-14 SCARPVS IMP 31 31 L. Pinarius Scarpus
546 Antonia 98-100 M.ANTO.COS.III IMP.III AVG 31 31 M. Antonius M.f. M.n. Cos. I:44, II:34, Cos. Desig. 31
546 Julia 141-144 CAESARI DIVI F 31 31 C. Julius C.f. C.n. Caesar (Octavian, Augustus) Cos.Suff 43, Cos. II:33, III:31
547 N/A [C]N.PISO.FRVGI 43 31 Cn. Calpurnius Piso Frugi Cos.Suff.23
548 Quinctia 1 T.QVINCTI 196 196 T. Quinctius T.f. L.n. Flamininus Cos.198
549 Cornelia 57 CN.LNTVL 59 59 Cn. Cornelius P.f. Lentulus Marcellinus Cos. 56
550 Oppia 1-2 Q. OPPIVS PR 88 88 Q. Oppius Pr. 89

Medieval moneyers[edit]

When European coinage revived during the Middle Ages, moneyers again were trusted to create currency on behalf of kings and potentates.

For a large part of that era, virtually all coins in circulation were silver pennies, and these often bore the name or other identification of the moneyer.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jones 1999:Mint magistrates
  2. ^ Burnett 1987, p20
  3. ^ Jones 1990:p188
  4. ^ Harlan 1995:p xiv
  5. ^ Burnett 1977
  6. ^ Luce 1968
  7. ^ Philip Grierson, Philip Raymond Grierson, Mark Blackburn, 2007. Medieval European Coinage: The Early Middle Ages (5th-10th Centuries). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-03177-6.

References[edit]

  • Babelon, Ernest (1885-6). Description historique et chronologique des monnaies de la république romaine, 2 Volumes
  • Broughton, T. Robert S. (1951). The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, American Philological Association, 3 Volumes. Volume I (509 B.C. - 100 B.C.) ISBN 0-89130-812-1 . Volume II (99 B.C. - 31 B.C.) Philological Monographs Number XV, 1952. Volume III (Supplement) ISBN 0-89130-811-3.
  • Burnett, Andrew (1977). The Authority to Coin in the Late Republic and Early Empire, Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series 17 pp. 37–63.
  • Burnett, Andrew (1987). Coinage in the Roman World, Seaby. ISBN 0-900652-85-3
  • Crawford, Michael H. (1974). Roman Republican Coinage, Cambridge University Press, 2 Volumes. ISBN 0-521-07492-4
  • Grierson, Philip & Philip Raymond; Blackburn, Mark (2007). Medieval European Coinage: The Early Middle Ages (5th-10th Centuries). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-03177-X
  • Hamilton, Charles D. (1969),The Tresviri Monetales and the Republican Cursus Honorum, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, 100 pp 181–199.
  • Harlan, Michael (1996). Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins 63 BC-49 BC, Trafalgar Square Publishing. ISBN 0-7134-7672-9 {
  • Hornblower, Simon & Spaworth, Antony (1999). The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Third Edition. ISBN 0-19-866172-X
  • Jones, John Melville (1990), A Dictionary of Ancient Roman Coins, Seaby. ISBN 1-85264-026-X
  • Luce, T.J. (1968). Political Propaganda on Roman Republican Coins: Circa 92-82 B. C., American Journal of Archaeology 72(1), pp. 25–39
  • Sear, David R. (1998). The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 B.C., Spink & Son. ISBN 0-907605-98-2
  • Smith, William (1875). A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London
  • Stevenson, Seth William (1889). A Dictionary of Roman Coins, Republican and Imperial, George Bell and Sons, London
  • Wiseman, T.P. (1971). New Men in the Roman Senate 139 B.C. - A.D. 14, Oxford University Press, ISBN 1-59740-224-9

Further reading[edit]

  • Harlan, Michael (1995). Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins 63 BC-49 BC, Trafalgar Square Publishing. ISBN 0-7134-7672-9
  • Harlan, Michael (2012). Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins 81 BCE-64 BCE, Moneta Publications. ISBN 978-0-9654567-0-8
  • Sear, David R. (1998). The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 B.C., Spink & Son. ISBN 0-907605-98-2

External links[edit]