Trewhiddle shown within Cornwall
|Civil parish||Pentewan Valley|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||ST AUSTELL|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||St Austell and Newquay|
Trewhiddle is a small settlement in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It lies in the civil parish of Pentewan Valley and the ecclesiastical parish of St Austell. The nearest town is St Austell, approximately one mile to the north.
Manor of Trewhiddle
Trewhiddle was formerly referred to as a manor which at one time contained two small settlements, Higher and Lower Trewhiddle. These settlements existed till at least 1891, but have since disappeared. The Trewhiddle area still includes two farms and Trewhiddle House.
The Trewhiddle Hoard
On 8 November 1774, miners streaming for tin uncovered a hoard of 114 Anglo-Saxon coins together with a silver chalice and other gold and silver objects. The coins, mostly from Mercia and Wessex, indicate that the hoard was hidden, possibly to protect it from Viking raiders, in around 868. The artefacts were originally collected by Philip Rashleigh who published a subsequent account. Some were later dispersed, but most of the hoard was presented to the British Museum. Many of the artefacts were decorated with stylized niello animals, a feature of Anglo-Saxon art which has since become known as Trewhiddle style decoration.
The Trewhiddle Ingot
Another remarkable discovery was made in 2003, when a 150-year-old lump of tungsten was found at Trewhiddle Farm. This may predate the earliest known smelting of the metal (which requires extremely high temperatures) and has led to speculation that it may have been produced during a visit by Rudolf Erich Raspe to Happy-Union mine (at nearby Pentewan) in the late eighteenth century. Raspe, best known as the author or translator of the Baron Münchhausen stories, was also a chemist with a particular interest in tungsten.
Trewhiddle House and estate
The legendary Cornish smuggler Cruel Coppinger may have been based on John Copinger, said to have purchased the Trewhiddle estate in the 1790s. In the 1840s, Trewhiddle House was home to the entomologist and botanist Francis Polkinghorne Pascoe. In the late twentieth century the house became a restaurant (the 'Trewhiddle Inn') and the estate a tourist campsite. Both house and estate have now been sold to developers and a number of 'New England-style' holiday villas have now been built. Little evidence remains of the former house other than a capped off well and a small portion of the former walls which have been built into the landscaping.
- Rashleigh, J. "An account of Anglo-Saxon coins and gold and silver ornaments found at Trewhiddle, near St Austell, AD 1774", Numismatic Chronicle 8: 137-157 (1868)
- http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/1822d.html 1891 census returns
- Rogers, J. J. "Saxon silver ornaments and coins found at Trewhiddle, near St Austell, AD 1774", Journal Royal Institution of Cornwall 2: 292-305 (1867)
- Rashleigh, P. "Account of antiquities discovered in Cornwall, 1774", Archaeologia 9: 187-188 (1789)
- Laing, J. Anglo-Saxon England, vol. 5, p. 181 (1979) ISBN 0-7100-0113-4
- http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/pe_mla/t/the_strickland_brooch.aspx Strickland Brooch in Trewhiddle style