||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
Trey Anastasio at Red Rocks Amphitheater
July 30, 2009
|Birth name||Ernest Joseph Anastasio III|
September 30, 1964 |
Fort Worth, Texas
|Genres||Alternative rock, rock, jazz fusion, progressive rock, classical, afro-cuban, jam band|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, piano, keyboard, percussion, fiddle, pan flute, tin whistle|
|Labels||Elektra, Sony, Rubber Jungle, Sony BMG, JEMP|
|Associated acts||Phish, Trey Anastasio Band, Oysterhead, Dave Matthews and Friends, Phil Lesh and Friends, Surrender to the Air, Eight Foot Fluorescent Tubes, Space Antelope, SerialPod, Bivouac Jaun, Bad Hat, New York Philharmonic, Orchestra Nashville, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra|
Trey Anastasio (born Ernest Joseph Anastasio III on September 30, 1964) is an American guitarist, composer, and vocalist noted for his work with the rock band Phish, and his orchestral "Evenings with Trey Anastasio" performed with the New York Philharmonic, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, the Baltimore Symphony, the Pittsburgh Symphony, and the Colorado Symphony.
In addition to his orchestral compositions, he is credited by name as composer of 152 Phish original songs, 140 of them as a solo credit, in addition to 41 credits attributed to the band as a whole.
Anastasio was born in Fort Worth, Texas and moved to Princeton, New Jersey when he was three. His father, Ernest Anastasio Jr., was an executive vice president at the Educational Testing Service. His mother Dina (née Brown) was a children's book author and editor of Sesame Street Magazine. He grew up with his sister Kristy.
Anastasio attended Princeton public schools through the fourth grade, then transferred to Princeton Day School. He graduated from The Taft School along with The Dude of Life, who helped pen such Phish compositions as "Suzy Greenberg", "Run Like An Antelope", "Slave to the Traffic Light", and "Dinner and a Movie". At Taft, he created his first two bands, Red Tide and Space Antelope.
Anastasio attended the University of Vermont and Goddard College.
Anastasio enrolled in the University of Vermont as a philosophy major. At UVM he met original Phish bandmates Jon Fishman, Mike Gordon, and Jeff Holdsworth. In December 1983 the group played their first gig, an ROTC dance. The setlist consisted of cover songs, including "Long Cool Woman" and "Proud Mary" which was performed twice. The band was very primitive at this time and used hockey sticks as mic stands. After performing one set, Michael Jackson's Thriller album was put on by a partygoer to drown out the band. The band wouldn't return to play but were still paid for the performance. At the University of Vermont, he hosted an early morning radio program, Ambient Alarm Clock.
While living at home for a semester, Anastasio met up with childhood friends Tom Marshall, his future writing partner, and Marc Daubert who would officially join Phish as percussionist from September 1984 to February 1985. After seeing a Phish show, pianist Page McConnell joined Phish in the autumn of 1985. Anastasio, along with Jon Fishman, transferred to Goddard College.
During this time he began a musical association and close friendship with composer Ernie Stires, who taught him composition, theory, and arranging. While at Goddard, he composed the song cycle The Man Who Stepped into Yesterday as his senior project. These songs would become mainstays of the Phish catalog. He graduated from Goddard in 1988.
Trey Anastasio is a founding member of the rock band Phish, serving as lead guitarist and vocalist since their inception. Phish are noted for their musical improvisation, extended jams, exploration of a broad range of genres, and original live performances. Formed at the University of Vermont in 1983 (with the current line up solidifying in 1985), the band includes – bassist and vocalist Mike Gordon, percussionist, vacuum player, and vocalist Jon Fishman, and keyboardist and vocalist Page McConnell. Phish performed together for over 20 years, releasing 10 studio albums, before breaking up in August 2004. They reunited in March 2009 for a corresponding tour, has released a reunion album Joy and have since resumed performing regularly.
- Bivouac Jaun in 1984 was a project featuring Anastasio, Phish lyricist Tom Marshall, and one-time Phish percussionist Marc Daubert. The group recorded a four-track project during Phish's short hiatus in the summer of 1984. Much of the project would be retooled and later featured on the first Phish album,The White Tape, in 1986.
- Bad Hat, formed in the spring of 1994, included Jon Fishman on drums, Jamie Masefield on mandolin, and Stacey Starkweather on Bass. They casually played improvisational jazz around Burlington, VT. for a few months, with the first of several shows at Last Elm Cafe. They billed themselves as "the quietest band around".
- Phil Lesh and Friends (commonly referred to as Phil Lesh and Phriends) in 1999 featured Phish's Trey Anastasio and Page McConnell, Grateful Dead members Phil Lesh and Donna Jean Godchaux, guitarist Steve Kimock, and drummer John Molo performing three nights of Dead and Phish material at The Warfield in San Francisco. It was the first time members of both Phish and the Dead shared the stage together. On February 12, 2006, Anastasio joined Lesh again for a full show at the Beacon Theater in New York City. He did so again on October 20, 2007 in Glens Falls, New York.
- SerialPod is a trio featuring Anastasio, Gordon and Bill Kreutzmann. On December 17, 2005, the band performed at the 14th annual Warren Haynes Christmas Jam in Asheville, North Carolina. The group performed a series of Grateful Dead and Phish classics, plus covers from Nirvana, Jimi Hendrix, and others. Ivan Neville joined the group on keyboards for much of the performance.
- A quartet consisting of the Benevento/Russo Duo, Gordon and Anastasio traded opening and closing spots with Phil Lesh and Friends during their co-headlining summer 2006 tour before touring on their own for a number of shows in July 2006.
Trey Anastasio Band 
Trey Anastasio Band debuted in 1998 as Eight Foot Fluorescent Tubes as a local band in Vermont fronted by Anastasio on April 17 of that year at the nightclub Higher Ground, co-owned by his brother-in-law. The band debuted a number of songs heard in Anastasio's live performances today, including "First Tube", "Last Tube", and "Mozambique". The Trio in 1999 was an evolution of Eight Foot Fluorescent Tubes. Anastasio's first solo tour was with the trio, which included himself, Russ Lawton, and Tony Markellis. The trio reunited in late 2008 (along with keyboardist Ray Packowski) for a tour of the Northeast United States. The band expanded to a sextet in 2000 with three horn players added to the band (Dave Grippo on alto sax, Jennifer Hartswick on trumpet and tuba, and Andy Moroz on trombone). Some of the music originally performed by the sextet was later seen on his 2002 release, Trey Anastasio. A year later they evolved into The Octet which added Ray Paczkowski on keyboards and Russell Remington on tenor sax and flute; and The Dectet in 2002 through 2004 explored complex arrangements and changes of some songs included on Trey Anastasio, and was an evolved version of the octet, now a ten-piece band with the addition of Peter Apfelbaum on barritone sax and percussion, and Cyro Baptista on percussion.
On August 10, 2008, Trey Anastasio and Classic TAB played a set at the All Points West Music & Arts Festival at Liberty State Park in New Jersey. They opened with "Sand" and played a few Phish classics including "Gotta Jibboo" and "Heavy Things".
Solo work 
In July 2007, he released another instrumental album, The Horseshoe Curve, via his own Rubber Jungle Records. On August 14, he made a surprise guest appearance in Saratoga Springs, New York during Dave Matthews Band's performance at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center. He sat in and jammed with the band during "Lie in Our Graves".
On August 7, 2008, he played his first post-rehab electric show at the Music Hall of Williamsburg in Brooklyn, NY debuting: "Alaska"(electric version; the song was debuted acoustic at Rothbury), "Peggy", "Gone", "Backwards Down the Number Line" (electric version; the song was debuted acoustic at Rothbury), "Valentine", "Greyhound Rising", and "Light". Four of these seven songs have found their way into the Phish live repertoire and on official studio releases.
On September 27, 2008 Anastasio debuted Time Turns Elastic, an orchestral epic co-created with composer Don Hart, at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville Tennessee. The east coast premier of "Time Turns Elastic" was performed on May 21, 2009 with conductor Marin Alsop and the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra at the Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall in Baltimore, Maryland. The performance also included the debut of the orchestral version of Anastasio's "First Tube".
On September 12, 2009 Trey performed "An Evening with Trey Anastasio and the New York Philharmonic" at Carnegie Hall in Manhattan with the New York Philharmonic, playing various compositions including "Divided Sky","You Enjoy Myself", and "Time Turns Elastic". This concert was a benefit for the Kristy Anastasio Manning (his sister) Memorial Fund and the New York Philharmonic.
Other projects 
- Space Antelope played from 1982–1983, featuring Anastasio, The Dude of Life, Doug Parsons (drums, English teacher at the Boys' Latin School of Maryland), Dudley Taft and others. The band performed originals as well as covers from Rush, The Velvet Underground, and others.
- Surrender to the Air in 1995 and 1996 was an experimental band, playing long sections of improvisation all connected by segments conducted by Anastasio. The group released a self-titled album in March 1996. It featured several members of the late Sun Ra's big band, the Arkestra, which was (among other modes) an archetypical free jazz ensemble.
- The Vermont Youth Orchestra has performed with Anastasio on a number of occasions, including a performance at Carnegie Hall. Anastasio's attraction to complex compositions was apparent on his 2004 release, Seis De Mayo, which included some of his work with the Vermont Youth Orchestra, as well as other smaller ensembles.
- Oysterhead was a trio which included Primus bassist Les Claypool and The Police drummer Stewart Copeland. The original intention of the band was to play a single concert, on May 4, 2000. The supergroup then released an album in 2001 named The Grand Pecking Order, and toured the United States in the Fall of 2001. The band reunited June 16, 2006 at the Bonnaroo Music Festival.
- Dave Matthews & Friends beginning in 2003 is a band formed to tour in support of Dave Matthews's solo debut Some Devil. Most of the band, including Anastasio, performed on the album.
- 70 Volt Parade was Anastasio's rock-based solo band featuring Ray Paczkowski on keyboards, Les Hall on guitar and synthesizers, and Skeeto Valdez on drums. The band was active throughout 2005.
Guitar playing style 
Anastasio has employed the services of his friend, luthier and audio-technician Paul Languedoc (Phish's soundman from 1986–2004) throughout his career. The highly resonant hollow-body electric guitars built by Languedoc for Anastasio, his Ibanez Tube Screamers, and Ross Compressors are key to his signature tone. Trey has several custom Languedoc hollowbody electric guitars, which make use of set maple necks with 24-fret ebony fret boards and dual Seymour Duncan SH-1 '59 humbucker pickups.
Anastasio's electric guitar technique is largely conventional; he does not typically make use of tapping techniques and does not usually play slide guitar (an example of when he does is in the Oysterhead section of Les Claypool's 5 Gallons of Diesel) but is known to be competent at both techniques. He normally uses a 2.0mm Adamas graphite guitar pick, but does not always do so. Melodically, he often incorporates modes, notably the dorian, mixolydian, and locrian, as well as pentatonic scales. In addition to scales, Anastasio makes abundant use of arpeggios while improvising as well as in his compositional material. He often uses pre bends in order to end a jam.
Effects processors play a crucial role in achieving Anastasio's famous guitar tone. He uses effects such as two Ibanez TS-9 Tube Screamers (with Analogman's Silver Mod) in sequence, the famous Univibe clone, the Black Cat Vibe, a Ross compressor (he switched to Analogman's Bicompressor around 1998, dropped the compressor from his rig in 2002, and resumed use the Ross Compressor in 2008 when a group of fans who desired the return of Trey's "signature" Ross compressor sound pooled their resources to obtain a vintage Ross Compressor and sent it to Trey in an attempt to compel him to return the vintage effect pedal to his rig. Trey responded through friend and longtime collaborator Tom Marshall's website explaining that he had lost his original Ross Compressor and that he was so touched that people cared about his effects and guitar tone that he would add the gift to his rig in the original configuration where it has remained ever since.), a wah wah pedal (usually a Real McCoy Custom 3 by Geoffrey Teese), a Boomerang phrase sampler, tremolo, delay, reverb, pitch shifters, as well as a Leslie rotating speaker horn. He controls these devices singularly or in batch with a Custom Audio footpedal bank. His use of delay loops is a signature that reached its plateau from 1999-2004 and has been in decline since. His current use of delay loops is limited mostly to jam vehicles that originated during the height of its use.
In the early 1990s, Anastasio employed a custom 2X12 cab powered by either a 100w Mesa/Boogie Mark III head or, later, a Custom Audio Electronics 3-channel preamp and Groove Tubes power amp. In mid-1997, he switched to a pair of modified 1965 Fender Deluxe Reverb amps, one serving as a backup.
Anastasio currently plays three different acoustic guitars by Martin. The first is a D-45E which has East Indian Rosewood sides and back and a solid Sitka Spruce top. In 2005, Martin released a Trey Anastasio signature model acoustic guitar. Trey's signature model is a Dreadnought body with a curved Venetian cutaway. The guitar also has an Italian alpine spruce top, mahogany sides and a three-piece back with "wings" of mahogany and a center wedge of flame-figured Hawaiian koa (similar to a D-35). The neck width is 1 11/16" at the nut. The guitar is finished with a flamed koa headplate and snowflake fingerboard inlays. Martin built only 141 of these guitars, which quickly sold out.
Composition Work 
In college, Anastasio studied composition under composer and arranger Ernie Stires. "Guelah Papyrus", featured on Phish's major label debut A Picture of Nectar, features a Stires-influenced fugue instrumental section called "The Asse Festival" as a bridge between verses. In the early years of Phish, many of Anastasio's compositions were through-composed, intricate and detailed in conception (for example, "The Divided Sky", "You Enjoy Myself", "The Asse Festival", "Reba", "Fluff's Travels"). Particularly in the music he has written for his touring and recording projects apart from Phish, Anastasio has used improvisation as the driving force behind simplified songwriting.
Tom Marshall, a New Jersey computer systems professional and friend of Anastasio since his Princeton childhood, has been his primary songwriting collaborator, acting as lyricist. Anastasio has often pulled lyrics for his music from large notebooks of poems and prose kept by Marshall, and the pair have also taken working retreats during which they wrote and/or recorded demos of new material. One such demo, Trampled By Lambs and Pecked by the Dove, has been commercially released, and many of the songs included on this release were reincarnated into Phish's 1998 album The Story of the Ghost. Anastasio also writes a number of his own lyrics, including all of the lyrics on his first release with Columbia Records, 2005's Shine.
One of Anastasio’s signature compositional techniques is the use of episodic (or organic) form. “Fluff’s Travels” and “You Enjoy Myself” are good examples of through-composed pieces which evolve from one musical idea to the other, never returning to a previous musical statement. This technique had been used in a rock music setting by relatively few before Phish (Frank Zappa and the Grateful Dead are two such examples).
Anastasio employs modal improvisation, first made popular by Miles Davis in the late 50’s/early 60’s.
Anastasio has also demonstrated skill at composing chamber music and music for orchestra, most notably on Seis De Mayo, his second solo album, and in his collaborations with the Vermont Youth Orchestra.
On September 27, 2008, Anastasio and Orchestra Nashville premiered a new work titled Time Turns Elastic, an original long-form piece that was orchestrated by composer and arranger Don Hart, and featured Anastasio on lead guitar and vocals. Anastasio previously collaborated with Hart and Orchestra Nashville in his orchestral performance of "Guyute" at Bonnaroo 2004. He performed the same composition at Carnegie Hall with the Vermont Youth Orchestra on September 14, 2004 and with the New York Philharmonic on September 12, 2009. Trey played the Walt Disney Concert Hall accompanied by the Los Angeles Philharmonic on March 10, 2012.
Trey was nominated for a 2013 Best Original score Tony Award, an Outstanding New Score Drama Desk Award, and Outstanding Music and Outstanding Orchestrations Outer Critics Circle Awards for the musical Hands on a Hardbody.
Hands on a Hardbody received nine 2012-2013 Drama Desk Awards, tying for most nominations.
<Anastasio co-wrote the music for Hands on a Hardbody (along with Amanda Green) for a Broadway opening in March of 2013. After only 56 performances, the show closed on April 13, making it the "fastest closing new musical of the season." 
Media appearences 
On March 15, 2010, Trey inducted one of his favorite bands, Genesis, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and claimed "It's impossible to overstate what impact this band and musical philosophy had on me as a young musician. I'm forever in their debt." In addition to Anastasio's speech, Phish appeared and performed two Genesis songs, "Watcher of the Skies" and "No Reply At All". Genesis did not perform.
In June 2010, Trey appeared as a surprise musical guest on Conan O'Brien's "The Legally Prohibited from Being Funny on Television Tour" stop at the Tower Theater (Upper Darby, Pennsylvania). He performed "Alaska."
Personal life 
On August 13, 1994 Anastasio married Susan Eliza Statesir. They have two daughters, Eliza and Isabella.
On December 15, 2006, Anastasio was stopped by a Whitehall, NY patrolman for failure to keep right. He was arrested for possession of drugs and spent fourteen months participating in daily meetings, drug testing, and performing community service in the Washington County, New York drug court program. On June 2008, after completing all phases of the New York State drug court, Anastasio graduated in good standing. His conviction was reduced to a misdemeanor. He has publicly thanked the officer who arrested him for turning his life around. Following this experience, he became an active participant in the National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP), sharing his story on Capitol Hill, and working to help raise awareness, and money, for a National Drug Court.
The Barn 
The Barn AKA The Farmhouse is the name given to Anastasio's rehearsal and recording facility in the countryside north of Jeffersonville, Vermont in the state's Lamoille Valley region. It was reconstructed between 1996 and 1998 from an existing structure, the Alan Irish Barn. The Barn has been used by Phish and most of Anastasio's projects since 1999. The cover of Farmhouse is from the outhouse located right next to The Barn.
Other artists who have recorded or performed at The Barn include Gordon Stone Band, Herbie Hancock, Béla Fleck, John Patitucci, DJ Logic, Toots & the Maytals, Tony Levin, The Slip, RAQ, John Medeski, Jerry Douglas, Nicholas Cassarino, and Addison Groove Project, among others.
Beginning in 2006, The Barn was transformed from a commercial recording facility into a studio environment providing accommodations and work space for artists participating in the Seven Below residency program.
Studio albums 
- Surrender to the Air (1996)
- One Man's Trash (October 27, 1998)
- Trampled By Lambs and Pecked by the Dove (with Tom Marshall) (November 1, 2000)
- Trey Anastasio (April 30, 2002)
- Seis De Mayo (April 6, 2004)
- Shine (November 1, 2005)
- Bar 17 (October 3, 2006)
- The Horseshoe Curve (July 24, 2007)
- Time Turns Elastic (May 12, 2009)
- Traveler (October 16, 2012)
Live albums 
- Plasma (April 29, 2003)
- Original Boardwalk Style (June 10, 2008)
- TAB at the TAB (September 14, 2010)
- Live in Chicago (November 1, 2005) (as bonus with Shine)
- 18 Steps (October 3, 2006) (as a bonus with Bar 17 and as a download)
- Live in New York City 12-31-05 (2006) (as a bonus with Shine)
- The Lucius Beebe EP (July 24, 2007) (as a bonus with The Horseshoe Curve).
- Trey Anastasio with Special Guest Carlos Santana (2004, recorded live in San Francisco on May 31, 2003)
- Vermont Youth Orchestra with Trey Anastasio & Ernie Stires (2001, recorded live at Flynn Theater, Burlington, VT on February 4, 2001)
- Inside Out: Trey and Dave Go to Africa (2004, Documentary based in Senegal, Africa featuring Dave Matthews and Orchestra Baobab)
- The Phish Companion: A Guide to the Band and Their Music, Second Edition.
- The Phish Companion: A Guide to the Band and Their Music, Second Edition. Confusion regarding date of birth was clarified by the Albany Times Union on 12/16/2006. See Times Union archives.
- Smith, Steve (2009-09-14). "A Lesson in Jamming for the Philharmonic. New York Times Music Review". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- Getches, Catherine (2012-03-10). "Philharmonic in the Phish-Bowl: Trey Anastasio Hosts in L.A. : San Francisco Classical Voice". Sfcv.org. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Hope Is a Thing With Tires http://theater.nytimes.com/2013/03/22/theater/reviews/hands-on-a-hardbody-at-the-brooks-atkinson-theater.html?
- Small Town Dreams http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324103504578374301137596648.htm
- "Mockingbird Foundation Book press release".
- The Phish Companion: A Guide to the Band and Their Music, Second Edition
- ""Vermont's Phinest Composer – Take it from Trey, he owes it all to Ernie Stires", article by Ruth Horowitz". Phish.net. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "Setlist for TAB, 8/10/08, at". Phish.net. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "Setlist for Trey & VYO, 9/14/04, at". Phish.net. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "PT | Phish | FINAL Ross Compressor Thread". Phantasytour.com. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "Ross Compressor 2 – TMarsh – Picasa Web Albums". Picasaweb.google.com. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- John Vilanova (2009-01-07). "PT Phish FINAL Ross Compressor Thread". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- 'Hands on a Hardbody' Goes the Distance with Drama Desk http://variety.com/2013/legit/news/hands-on-a-hardbody-goes-the-distance-with-drama-desk-1200424332/
- Rothman, Lily (2013-04-09). "Fastest-Closing New Broadway Musical of the Year: Hands on a Hardbody". New York City: http://entertainment.time.com. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
- "Abba receive Hall of Fame honour". BBC News. March 16, 2010.
- "Trey Anastasio Arrested Dec 15, 2006". Jambase.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- NADCP. "Trey Anastasio shares his Drug Court experience on Capital Hill". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
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