|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 4th district
January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Bob Inglis|
August 22, 1964 |
Greenville, South Carolina, U.S.
|Residence||Spartanburg, South Carolina|
|Alma mater||Baylor University, B.A.,
University of South Carolina,
|Profession||Attorney at law|
Harold Watson "Trey" Gowdy III (born August 22, 1964) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for South Carolina's 4th congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district includes much of the Upstate region, including Greenville and Spartanburg.
Before his election to Congress, he was the solicitor (district attorney) for the state's Seventh Judicial Circuit, comprising Spartanburg and Cherokee counties. From 1994 to 2000, he was a federal prosecutor with the U.S. Attorney for the District of South Carolina.
Early life, education, and family
Gowdy was born in Greenville, but grew up in Spartanburg and currently calls Spartanburg home. He is the son of Novalene (née Evans) and Dr. Harold Watson "Hal" Gowdy, Jr. Trey graduated from Spartanburg High School in 1982. He earned a B.A. in history from Baylor University in 1986. He was a member of Kappa Omega Tau, a service/social Fraternity while at Baylor University. He earned a J.D. degree from the University of South Carolina School of Law in 1989. In law school, he was a member of the scholastic honor society "Wig and Robe."
Gowdy and his wife Terri have two children: Watson and Abigail. Watson is a junior in college and Abigail is a 11th grader. His cousin Joey Paul Gowdy is an actor and producer in the entertainment business. Terri Dillard Gowdy is a teacher's aide in Spartanburg School District.
Following law school, he clerked for the late John P. Gardner on the South Carolina Court of Appeals and United States District Court Judge Ross Anderson. He then went into private practice before becoming a federal prosecutor in April 1994. He was awarded the Postal Inspector’s Award for the successful prosecution of J. Mark Allen, one of “America’s Most Wanted” suspects.
In February 2000, he left the United States Attorney’s Office to run for 7th Circuit Solicitor. He defeated incumbent Solicitor Holman Gossett in the Republican primary. No other party even put up a candidate, ensuring his election in November. He was reelected in 2004 and 2008, both times unopposed. During his tenure, he appeared on “Forensic Files” twice, as well as Dateline NBC and SCETV. He prosecuted the full gamut of criminal cases including 7 death penalty cases.
When the state faced a budget crunch that forced many employees to go on unpaid furloughs, Gowdy funneled part of his campaign account into the solicitor's budget so his staff could keep working.
In the summer of 2009, Gowdy announced that he would challenge incumbent Republican U.S. Congressman Bob Inglis in the Republican primary for South Carolina's 4th congressional district. Inglis, who got a 93% lifetime rating from the American Conservative Union, angered the conservative wing of the Republican Party by taking stances that were perceived to be more moderate than those he'd taken when he'd first represented the district from 1993 to 1999. For instance, he'd angered conservatives in his district when he supported cap and trade as a result of his belief that global warming is man made. He drew five Republican challengers, and Gowdy was one of them. Like most of the challengers, Gowdy ran well to Inglis' right. In the June 2010 primary, Gowdy ranked first with 39% of the vote, short of the 50% majority threshold to win outright and avoid a run-off. Inglis received 27% of the vote. Jim Lee got 14%, State Senator David L. Thomas got 13%, and former Historian of the United States House of Representatives Christina Jeffrey was last with 7% of the vote.
In the run-off election, Gowdy defeated Inglis 70%-30%. The 4th is so heavily Republican that it was widely presumed Gowdy had assured himself of a seat in Congress. Gowdy defeated Democratic nominee Paul Corden 63%-29%.
Gowdy ran for re-election to a second term against Democrat Deb Morrow. Gowdy was slightly disappointed when initial versions cut part of his home county, Spartanburg County, out of the district (though the final map moved part of Greenville County to the 3rd and left all of Spartanburg County in the 4th). However, he was satisfied because Greenville and Spartanburg counties remained together. Roll Call rated his district as Safe Republican in 2012. Gowdy won re-election to a second term, defeating Morrow 65%-34%.
Gowdy considers himself to be a "constitutional conservative." In August 2011 during the 2011 United States debt ceiling crisis, Gowdy opposed Speaker John Boehner’s debt limit bill, and he voted against the final debt ceiling agreement. He also opposed the 2011 defense authorization bill, citing concerns about the prospect of Americans being detained without trial on national security grounds. In December 2010, he told Congressional Quarterly that he would only support a measure if its sponsor can demonstrate that the Constitution gives the government the power to act in a particular realm.
Gowdy worked on the Committee on Judiciary, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee on Education and the Workforce. Gowdy frequently speaks on the floor of the House on issues ranging from Fast and Furious to his support for the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act.
In 2012, he received the Defender of Economic Freedom award from the fiscally conservative 501(c)4 organization Club for Growth. The award is given to the members of Congress who have the year's highest ranking, according to the Club for Growth's metrics. Gowdy scored 97 out of 100, and was one of 34 congressmen given the award.
An ardent social conservative, Gowdy considers himself "pro-life plus." He not only believes "in the sanctity of life," but argues that "the strategy should be broader than waiting for the Supreme Court to revisit Roe v. Wade."
On March 4, 2014, Gowdy introduced the ENFORCE the Law Act of 2014 (H.R. 4138; 113th Congress) into the House. The bill would give the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate both the standing to sue the President of the United States in a federal district court to clarify a federal law (that is, seek a declaratory judgment) in the event that the executive branch is not enforcing the law. House Republicans argued that the bill was necessary because the Obama Administration refused to enforce the laws.
- Committee on Education and the Workforce
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
- "Circuit Solicitor: Trey Gowdy Bio". Spartanburgcounty.org. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Harold Watson "Trey" Gowdy III". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Spencer, Janet S. (April 29, 2000). "Gowdy spins web campaign". Herald-Journal. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Meet Trey". Trey Gowdy. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Congressional Quarterly Guide to the New Congress, 2010
- Kraushaar, Josh (April 7, 2009). "Inglis faces fight from the right". Politico.com. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- Seitz-Wald, Alex (November 18, 2010). "Republican Rep. Bob Inglis Blasts GOP For Denying Global Warming". ThinkProgress. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "SC District 4 - R Primary Race". Our Campaigns. June 8, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- McArdle, John. Inglis Forced Into Runoff. Congressional Quarterly. June 8, 2010.
- "SC District 4 - R Runoff Race". Our Campaigns. June 22, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- McArdle, John. Gowdy Crushes Inglis in S.C. Runoff, CQ Politics, June 22, 2010.
- "SC District 4 Race". Our Campaigns. November 2, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Miller, Joshua (August 2, 2011). "Race Ratings: GOP Strengthens Grip on South Carolina". Roll Call. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Sherman, Jake (May 13, 2012). "Right wants more from John Boehner". Politico. Retrieved June 2, 2012.
- Brady, Jessica (December 29, 2011). "Detainee Provisions Still Cause for Concern". Roll Call. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Drury, Shawn (March 1, 2012). "Rep. Trey Gowdy Awarded by Club for Growth". Mauldin Patch. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Issues". Gowdy For Congress. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Contract From America". Contract From America. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Project Vote Smart". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "H.R. 4138 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "H.R. 4138 - CBO". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Kiefer, Francine (March 12, 2014). "Can House Republicans make Obama enforce laws?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Associated Press (March 12, 2014). "House backs bill to sue president over laws". Washington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Congressman Trey Gowdy official U.S. House site
- Trey Gowdy for Congress
- Trey Gowdy at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Profile at Spartanburg County Government site
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 4th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Member of the House of Representatives from Arizona's 4th district
|Order of Precedence of the United States||Succeeded by
as Member of the House of Representatives from Arkansas's 2nd district
|Congressional delegations to the 112th United States Congress from South Carolina (ordered by seniority)|
|112th||Senate: L. Graham | J. DeMint||House: J. Clyburn | J. Wilson | J. Duncan | T. Gowdy | M. Mulvaney | T. Scott|