Treysa (meteorite)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Treysa Meteorite
Meteorit von Treysa 3.jpg
Cut surface with Widmanstätten patterns
Type Iron meteorite
Structural classification medium octahedrite
Class Magmatic
Group IIIB
Country Germany
Region Schwalmstadt, northern Hesse
Observed fall Yes
Fall date 1916-04-03
Found date 1917-03-05
TKW 63.28 kilograms (139.5 lb)
Meteorit von Treysa 1.JPG
Treysa Meteorite (main section)
Cast of the entire meteorite

The Meteorite of Treysa, also known as the Meteorite of Rommershausen, is an astronomical relic found in a wooded area near the Rommershausen district of Schwalmstadt in northern Hesse, Germany. (both Treysa and Rommershausen are districts of Schwalmstadt). The meteorite made German astronomical history as one of the most significant confirmed meteorite collisions of recent history. It is classified as a medium octahedrite of the IIIB chemical class and shows Widmanstätten patterns.

History of recovery[edit]

On 3 April 1916 at 15:30 o’clock eye witnesses reported a detonation like a clap of thunder and a cloud of smoke. This light and sound phenomenon was caused by a meteorite from outer space crashing onto the earth in a wooded area near Rommershausen.

Based on the eye-witness accounts Alfred Wegener calculated the trajectory of the meteorite and its likely impact site. In recognition of its scientific relevance 300 Reichsmark were offered as a reward to the finder, and it was indeed eventually discovered near the calculated site. The forester Hupmann managed to locate it on 5 March 1917 in a wooded area near Rommershausen; a one-and-one-half meter deep impact crater contained the 63.28 kilograms (139.5 lb) heavy and 36 centimetres (14 in) wide iron meteorite. It had been only slightly shattered by the impact and was almost completely preserved. The 23 slices and thin-ground sections cut from the meteorite have been studied by various geological and mineralogical research institutes.

Since 1986 a memorial stone placed at the site of impact by the Knüllgebirgsverein, a hiking and nature club named after the Knüllgebirge mountain range in Hesse, commemorates this cosmic event.

The meteorite is on display at the Mineralogischen Museum Marburg (Lahn), and there is a copy at the Museum der Schwalm in Ziegenhain. Directions to the meteorite impact location are posted on a path (Ringstrasse) in the Rommershausen forest.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

Literature[edit]

  • 750 Jahre Rommershausen, Dorfchronik.
  • Alfred Wegener: Das detonierende Meteor vom 3. April 1916, 3 1/2 Uhr nachmittags in Kurhessen. 1917. Nachdruck: Elwert, Marburg 2001, ISBN 3-7708-1160-7

External links[edit]