There are a number of areas in the 48 contiguous United States known informally as tri-state areas. A tri-state area is an area associated with a particular town or metropolis that lies across three states. Some, but not all, of these involve a state boundary tripoint.
The most frequently referenced tri-state area is that associated with the New York metropolitan area, which covers parts of the states of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. It is often referenced in New York radio, as well as through countless television commercials.
Four other prominent areas that have been labeled tri-state areas are the Cincinnati tri-state area, including Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana; the Pittsburgh tri-state area, covering parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia; the Chicago tri-state area, also known as Chicagoland, which includes Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin; and the Greater Memphis area or Mid-South consisting of West Tennessee, North Mississippi, and the Arkansas delta.
Smaller tri-state areas include those of Dubuque, Iowa, which spills over into Illinois and Wisconsin; of Quincy, Illinois, which includes parts of Missouri and Iowa; Evansville, Indiana, which includes parts of Illinois and Kentucky; the Chattanooga, Tennessee tri-state area which includes Alabama and Georgia; and the Huntington (W.V.)-Ashland (Ky.)-Ironton (Oh.) Tri-State region, which incorporates areas of Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia. The Quincy, Evansville, and Huntington-Ashland areas are noteworthy for the states included all being separated by rivers.
The area that includes Washington, D.C. and the nearby parts of Maryland and the Virginias is sometimes loosely referred to as a "tri-state area," although the District of Columbia is not a state; however, with the presence of Jefferson County, West Virginia in the official Washington–Arlington–Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area, the region, as defined by the US Government, does in fact include three states. This area is more commonly/colloquially referred to as the "DMV" (DC, Maryland, Virginia).
The Delaware Valley region, which includes eastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey and northern Delaware is also known as the tri-state area. The phrase is often used in radio and TV advertising in the Philadelphia market.
Of the 62 points in the United States where three and only three states meet (each of which may be associated with its own tri-state area), 35 are on dry land. They are:
|State 1||State 2||State 3||Notes|
|Alabama||Florida||Georgia||Marker on riverbank is actually a few feet above and west of true tripoint at high-water line.|
|Alabama||Georgia||Tennessee||Recently[when?] stolen marker on dry land at surface level and unmarked on lake in cavern directly below.|
|Arizona||Nevada||Utah||Marked with a red sandstone monument.|
|Arkansas||Louisiana||Mississippi||Unmarked on silt island in river connected to west bank by riprap.|
|Arkansas||Louisiana||Texas||See Ark-La-Tex. Marker in process of being surrounded and absorbed by tree.|
|Arkansas||Missouri||Oklahoma||Marked with a stone monument.|
|Arkansas||Oklahoma||Texas||Unmarked on seasonal silt island or in river bed, but Oklahoma-Texas state line as revised in 2000 is defective in not extending from vegetation line on south bank to pre-established tripoint.|
|California||Nevada||Oregon||Marked with a cairn.|
|Colorado||Kansas||Nebraska||Marked with a brass disc.|
|Colorado||Kansas||Oklahoma||8 Mile Corner. Marker is concealed in crypt beneath removable manhole cover.|
|Colorado||Nebraska||Wyoming||Marked with a stone surrounded by a three-stone colored base.|
|Colorado||New Mexico||Oklahoma||Preston Monument|
|Connecticut||Massachusetts||New York||See Brace Mountain or Mount Frissell. Marked with a stone inscribed with MASS-1898-NY and sometimes a "scratched-on" CONN.|
|Connecticut||Massachusetts||Rhode Island||See Thompson, Connecticut. Marked with a stone inscribed with MASS-CONN-RI.|
|Delaware||Maryland||Pennsylvania||See Delaware Wedge. Marked with a stone inscribed with M-M-P-P as this was not intended to be the original tri-point.|
|Idaho||Montana||Wyoming||Located within Yellowstone National Park. Marked, although difficult to access.|
|Idaho||Nevada||Oregon||Marked with a three-sided stone inscribed with N-I-O on the respective faces.|
|Idaho||Nevada||Utah||Marked with a granite monument inscribed with the respective states' names.|
|Idaho||Utah||Wyoming||Marked with a stone.|
|Indiana||Michigan||Ohio||Marker is located in a monument box beneath the surface of a rural road. Was set in 1999and used to have a removable metal plate protecting it.|
|Iowa||Minnesota||South Dakota||True point is marked with a disc in the center of a T-shaped road intersection. A witness monument nearby in the South Dakota corner acknowledges the tri-point being set in 1859.|
|Kansas||Missouri||Oklahoma||Marked with a plaque on a seldom used dead-end road. Apparently a teenagers' backwoods drinking spot.|
|Kentucky||Tennessee||Virginia||Tri-State Peak Located within Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Marked.|
|Kentucky||Virginia||West Virginia||Marked with a USGS marker on top of a two-foot high iron pipe at the river's high point.|
|Maryland||Pennsylvania||West Virginia||Marked with a pyramid-like stone.|
|Massachusetts||New Hampshire||Vermont||Marker is technically on dry land, but buried within river bed due to a dam's construction downstream.|
|Massachusetts||New York||Vermont||Marked with a stone.|
|Montana||North Dakota||South Dakota||Marked with a red granite stone.|
|Montana||South Dakota||Wyoming||Marked with a stone within a fence.|
|Nebraska||South Dakota||Wyoming||Marked with a stone within a fence.|
|New Jersey||New York||Pennsylvania||Marked by the Tri-State Monument in Port Jervis, New York by the confluence of the Delaware and Neversink Rivers.|
|New Mexico||Oklahoma||Texas||Texomex Marker|
Twenty-seven tripoints are under water:
Regions with no Tripoint
The following tri-state areas are also notable, but have no tripoint:
- "Tri State Corners in the United States". Jack Parsell.
- http://www.bjbsoftware.com/corners/docs/inmioh.pdf Jack Parsell's description of the tripoint
- http://www.bjbsoftware.com/corners/photos/IAMNSDBrian.jpg Photo by Gregg A. Butler of the IA-MN-SD tripoint and its witness post
- Tri-State Peak at Cumberland Gap National Historical Park
- Eric Jones. New Hampshire Curiosities. Globe Pequot, 2006. p114-5.