Tri Hita Karana
Tri Hita Karana is a traditional philosophy for life on the island of Bali, Indonesia. The literal translation is roughly the "three causes of well-being" or "three reasons for prosperity." The three causes referred to in the principle are harmony among people, harmony with God, and harmony with nature. Tri Hita Karana is credited for the island's prosperity as a whole, its relatively stable record of development, environmental practices, and the overall quality of life for its residents.
The principle of Tri Hita Karana guides many aspects of Balinese life. The President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, even invoked it in his address to the International Conference on Sustainable Development during APEC 2013, which was held in Bali. It is also reflected in the natural irrigation system on the island known as subak, which consists of cooperatively managed weirs and canals that draw from a single water source.
- Richard Fox, Critical Reflections on Religion and Media in Contemporary Bali, Brill, 2011
- Anand Krishna, Tri Hita Karana: Ancient Balinese Wisdom for Neo Humans, Anand Ashram Foundation, 2008
- Global Travel Industry News, Bali’s Tri Hita Karana life philosophy recommended for APEC Sustainable Economic Development, 9 October 2013
- UNESCO, Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy.