Trial of Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling
The trial of Kenneth Lay, former chairman and CEO of Enron, and Jeffrey Skilling, former CEO and COO, was presided over by federal district court Judge Sim Lake in 2006 in response to the Enron scandal.
- The trial began January 30, 2006.
- Opening arguments
- The defense argued there was much "wickedness", and pressure led to confessions by company leaders, and failure of "market confidence" led to the financial crisis: "13 of the 16 Enron executives who have pleaded guilty to federal crimes were innocent but caved in to intense pressure from federal prosecutors".
- Prosecution argues that leaders lied to Wall Street and investors about "crumbling finances".
- Eight former Enron executives testified, the star witness being Andrew Fastow, against Lay and Skilling, their former employers.
- The jury reached its verdict on May 25, 2006, convicting both Lay and Skilling. Lay was also convicted by Sim Lake of charges in a separate bench trial.
- Lay died on July 5, 2006, and his convictions were "vacated" on October 17, 2006.
- Sentencing of Skilling took place on October 23, 2006.
(see U.S. DOJ list)
In order of appearance:
- Ken Rice
- Wesley Colwell - Former Enron North America chief accountant
- "illegally" moved money out of company reserves to cover internal estimates
- Wanda Curry - chief accounting officer of Enron North America prior to Wesley Colwell
- displaced by Colwell, "not capable of making aggressive accounting decisions"
- U.S. District Judge Sim Lake did not allow prosecutors to get into details about the transaction -- year-end 1999 electricity trading deal with Merrill Lynch — that prompted J. Clifford Baxter (Enron's single suicide) to displace Curry for Colwell
- Timothy Belden
- West Coast energy trading profits
- David Delainey - ex-CEO of Enron's trading unit, Enron North America
- Skilling coached for big meeting with analysts on Jan. 25, 2001
- Raptor accounts
- Enron Energy Services (EES), February 2001, chaotic, disarray, gushing red ink
- lost receivables moved from EES to Enron North America trading division
- folding EES losses into Enron Wholesale Services
- EES never profitable
- Kevin Hannon
The jury rendered its verdict on May 25, 2006. Sentencing took place on October 23, 2006.
- Skilling was convicted on 19 of 28 counts of securities fraud and wire fraud and acquitted on the remaining nine, including charges of insider trading. He was sentenced to 24 years, 4 months in prison, and cannot be released before serving less than 20 years, 4 months. In addition, he must pay $630 million to the government, which includes a $180 million fine.
- In January 2009, the sentence was vacated by Judge Simeon Lake; Skilling will be re-sentenced later in the year. Any time already served will count towards the new sentence.
- In June 2010, the U.S. Supreme Court threw out the honest services fraud statute in a unanimous decision; the case is currently before Lake again, who must sort out which counts must be dismissed in light of the Supreme Court ruling and then re-sentence Skilling again.
- In April 2011 the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld Skilling's convictions, stating that the evidence to convict for conspiracy fraud was overwhelming, regardless of whether the honest services fraud theory had been raised or not.
- Lay was convicted of all six counts of securities and wire fraud for which he had been tried, and could have faced a total sentence of up to 45 years in prison; however, he died of a heart attack on July 5, 2006, prior to sentencing. Accordingly, the judge vacated Lay's conviction on October 17, 2006, since he died before he was sentenced and before all appeals could be exhausted.
- Sixteen people pleaded guilty for crimes committed at the company, and five others, including four former Merrill Lynch employees, were found guilty at trial.
- Pasha, Shaheen; Seid, Jessica (25 May 2006). "Lay and Skilling's day of reckoning: Enron ex-CEO and founder convicted on fraud and conspiracy charges; sentencing slated for September". CNNMoney.com.
- "Prosecution witness: Enron dipped into reserves to drive up earnings". Houston Business Journal. 27 February 2006.
- "SEC Charges Former Chief Executive Officer of Enron North America and Enron Energy Services with Violating Federal Securities Laws". 30 October 2003.
- Lozano, Juan (23 October 2006). "Skilling Sentenced to 24 Years in Prison". AP via CBS News.
- Lozano, Juan (7 January 2009). "U.S. Court Orders Skilling Resentenced". AP via Washington Post. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- "U.S. appeals court upholds Jeff Skilling conviction". Reuters. April 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
- Fowler, Tom (17 October 2006). "Judge vacates conviction of Ken Lay". Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-03-02.