Triband (flag)

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The flag of India - a simple horizontal and triband
The flag of Austria - a simple horizontal triband
The former flag of South Africa - a charged horizontal triband
The flag of France - a simple vertical triband, and also a tricolour
The flag of Canada - a vertical triband with uneven bands and a defacement

The triband is one of the most common designs of flag, and is the design of some 30% of all current national flags.

As the name suggests, the main feature of the design of a triband is three parallel bands of colour. Many non-vexillologists use the term tricolour to describe these flags, but technically a tricolour is simply a type of triband. Tricolours by definition have three colours, whereas this is not the case with all tribands, which often feature two bands of the same colour separated by a band of a different colour.

In its simplest form, the triband consists of three equally sized horizontal or vertical stripes and nothing else. Examples of horizontal tribands include the national flags of Austria and Germany, and examples of vertical tribands include the national flags of Nigeria and France. In each of these pairs, the second named flag is also a tricolour.

Diagonal tribands are less common, and often do not have stripes of equal areas or widths. An example is the flag of the Republic of the Congo. Such flags are often not considered tribands by vexillologists, but rather are described as having a single diagonal stripe (heraldically, a bend) on a one- or two-coloured background (or field).

More complex tribands include flags charged or defaced with an emblem (such as the national flag of Croatia) or flags with bands of unequal size (such as the national flag of Colombia). The most famous complex triband is arguably the national flag of Canada, which is charged with a maple leaf and has bands of uneven size. The ratio of the bands on this latter flag (1:2:1) has led to the term Canadian pale to refer to any central vertical band on a triband which is twice the size of the bands on either side.

Some tribands, such as the flag of the Gambia, are fimbriated. This means that between the stripes there are narrower stripes. This is sometimes done to increase contrast between multiple stripes or to follow the rule of tincture, though in some cases the fimbriation also has specific symbolism.

List of tribands[edit]

Below is a list of tribands organised by continent. Some of them are charged, i.e. they have some additional symbol apart from the three simple coloured fields.

Africa[edit]

Tricolours[edit]

Other tribands[edit]

North and South America[edit]

Tricolours[edit]

Other tribands[edit]

Asia[edit]

Tricolours[edit]

Other tribands[edit]

Europe[edit]

Tricolours[edit]

Other tribands[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Former nations and former national flags[edit]

Tricolours[edit]

Other tribands[edit]

Non-national tricolours[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Western Europe[edit]
Eastern Europe[edit]
European Russia[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Other[edit]

Other non-national tribands[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Western Europe[edit]
Eastern Europe (including Russia)[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]