MTA Bridges and Tunnels
|Type||Public benefit corporation|
|Founded||New York State (1933)|
|Headquarters||2 Broadway, New York, NY, 10004|
|Area served||New York metropolitan area|
|Key people||James Ferrara, President|
|Revenue||US$ 437,200,000 (2010)|
|Operating income||US$ 586.5 million (2013)|
|Parent||Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
MTA Bridges and Tunnels, legal name Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, is an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, that operates seven intrastate toll bridges and two tunnels in New York City. In terms of traffic volume, it is the largest bridge and tunnel toll agency in the United States serving more than a million people each day and generating more than $900 million in toll revenue annually.
The seven bridges are:
- Triborough (Robert F. Kennedy) Bridge, connecting Manhattan, the Bronx and Queens
- Bronx-Whitestone Bridge (the Bronx and Queens)
- Verrazano Narrows Bridge (Brooklyn and Staten Island)
- Throgs Neck Bridge (the Bronx and Queens)
- Henry Hudson Bridge (Manhattan and the Bronx)
- Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge (Brooklyn and Queens—Rockaway Peninsula)
- Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge (Queens—Broad Channel and the Rockaway Peninsula)
The two tunnels are:
- Brooklyn-Battery (Hugh L. Carey) Tunnel (Brooklyn and Manhattan)
- Queens Midtown Tunnel (Queens and Manhattan)
Originally named the Triborough Bridge Authority, the authority was created in 1933 as a public-benefit corporation by the New York State Legislature. It was tasked with completing construction of the Triborough Bridge, which had been started by New York City in 1929 but had stalled due to the Great Depression.
Under the chairmanship of Robert Moses, the agency grew in a series of mergers with four other agencies:
- Henry Hudson Parkway Authority, in 1940
- Marine Parkway Authority, in 1940
- New York City Parkway Authority, in 1940
- New York City City Tunnel Authority, in 1946
With the last merger in 1946, the authority was renamed the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority.
Generating millions of dollars in toll revenue annually, the TBTA easily became a powerful city agency as it was capable of funding large capital projects. From the 1940s-60s, the TBTA built the Battery Parking Garage, Jacob Riis Beach Parking Field, Coliseum Office Building and Exposition Center and East Side Airlines Terminal, as well as many parks in the city.
Merger with MTA
The TBTA was merged into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1968. Surplus revenue, formerly used for new automobile projects, would now be used to support public transportation.  Since then, more than $10 billion has been contributed by the TBTA to subsidize mass transit fares and capital improvements for the NYC Transit Authority, Long Island Rail Road, and Metro-North Railroad.
Since 1994, the TBTA has been doing business as MTA Bridges and Tunnels. The name Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority is still the legal name of the Authority and was used publicly between 1946 and 1994.
The Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority (TBTA) employs 966 Bridge and Tunnel Officers (BTOs), who are NYS Peace Officers authorized to make arrests and carry firearms on and off duty. BTOs patrol the authority's 9 facilities on foot and in marked patrol cars. Besides law enforcement, the BTOs collect tolls, assist vehicles stuck in E-ZPass lanes, operate tow trucks to clear disabled vehicles, and clear snow from the roadways. The TBTA also has a Special Operations Division/Collision Reduction Unit, which enforces all aspects of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law and NYC Traffic Rules with a main emphasis on speed enforcement.
Rates vary by facility and by vehicle.
|Crossing(s)||Cars||Cars - EZPass||Vehicles
Over 7,000 Lbs. GVWR
Cash / EZPass
$9 per additional axle
|$3.00 / $2.32||Toll is charged in both directions
$18 per additional axle
|$6.00 / $4.64||Toll is charged westbound only.
$4.50 per additional axle
|$3.00 / $1.66||Toll is charged in both directions.|
Part 1022 of the Rules and Regulations Governing the Use of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Facilities prohibits certain types of vehicles, such as:
- Vehicles with flat, solid, or metal tires
- Bicycles on the roadways. Bicycles may be walked across the Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge, the Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge, and the Triborough Bridge
- Horses and horse-drawn vehicles
- Trucks and other non-passenger autos on the Henry Hudson Bridge
- MTA BudgetWatch May 2010, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, retrieved 2010-05-30
- Armode Schwabe, NY Times, 1954 July 12 Seven-Month-Old Air Terminal Doing a Good Job for Just About Everone
- Roberts, Sam (2006-07-11), "Reappraising a Landmark Bridge, and the Visionary Behind It", The New York Times, retrieved 2007-10-09
- McKinley, James C, Jr. (1994-08-28), "What's in a Symbol? A Lot, the M.T.A. Is Betting", New York Times, retrieved 2008-02-23
- Rules and Regulations Governing the Use of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Facilities, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). Accessed October 9, 2007.