Tricarico

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Tricarico
Comune
Comune di Tricarico
Norman tower and Monastery of Santa Chiara
Norman tower and Monastery of Santa Chiara
Coat of arms of Tricarico
Coat of arms
Tricarico is located in Italy
Tricarico
Tricarico
Location of Tricarico in Italy
Coordinates: 40°37′N 16°9′E / 40.617°N 16.150°E / 40.617; 16.150
Country Italy
Region Basilicata
Province Matera (MT)
Frazioni Calle
Government
 • Mayor Raffaello Marsilio
Area
 • Total 176.91 km2 (68.31 sq mi)
Elevation 698 m (2,290 ft)
Population (March 2009)
 • Total 5,920
 • Density 33/km2 (87/sq mi)
Demonym Tricaricési
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 75019
Dialing code 0835
Patron saint St. Potitus
Saint day 14 January
Website Official website

Tricarico (Greek: Triakron) is a town and comune in the province of Matera, Basilicata, southern Italy.

It is home to one of the best preserved medieval historical centres in Lucania.

Cathedral of Tricàrico

Origins[edit]

The origin of Tricarico is unknown. According to one hypothesis, it could derive from the Greek words treis ("three") and akros or akris ("summit", "mount", "apex"), meaning "city of the three mounts".

History[edit]

Although of ancient origin, the first news documented about the town date to 849, when it was a Lombard county included in the gastaldate of Salerno. Later (9th-late 10th century) it was an Arabic stronghold: the terrace gardens, of Arabic origin, that are still in use today. In 968 Tricarico was conquered by Byzantine Empire and then, in 1048, it became a Norman fortified town.

In the 15th century, there was a Jewish community.

Main sights[edit]

Tricario Carnival (Carnevale di Tricarico), which event on every January

The roads and alleys of the historical center reflect themselves the Arabic quarters of the Ràbata and the Saracena.

Sights in the town include:

  • Cathedral of the Assunta, built by Robert Guiscard. Here, in 1383, Louis I of Anjou was crowned king of Naples.
  • Norman tower, standing at 27 metres (89 ft).
  • Towers of Ràbata and Saracena.
  • Ducal Palace, now home to the archaeological museum
  • Sanctuary of Madonna di Fonti

The archaeological area of Civita is situated outside the city. It includes a Roman fortified center that extends for approximately 50 hectares (120 acres) and consists of stone buildings with squared blocks, fortified with monumental doors. On the interior, some rooms have mosaic pavements over 2500 years old.

Also present is the Cerra del Cedro archaeological site, inhabited from as early as the 6th century by to the 3rd century BC.