Trichoderma reesei

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trichoderma reesei
Trichoderma.reesei.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Hypocreaceae
Genus: Trichoderma
Species: T. reesei
Binomial name
Trichoderma reesei

Trichoderma reesei is a mesophilic and filamentous fungus. It is an anamorph of the fungus Hypocrea jecorina. T. reesei has the capacity to secrete large amounts of cellulolytic enzymes (cellulases and hemicellulases). Microbial cellulases have industrial application in the conversion of cellulose, a major component of plant biomass, into glucose.[1]

Recent advances in the biochemistry of cellulase enzymology, the mechanism of cellulose hydrolysis (cellulolysis), strain improvement, molecular cloning and process engineering are bringing T. reesei cellulases closer to being a commercially viable route to cellulose hydrolysis.[2] Several industrially useful strains have been developed and characterised, e.g. Rut-C30,[3] RL-P37 and MCG-80. The genome of this organism was released in 2008.[4] This organism also has a mating type dependent characterised sexual cycle.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumar R, Singh S, Singh OV (May 2008). "Bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass: biochemical and molecular perspectives". J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 35 (5): 377–91. doi:10.1007/s10295-008-0327-8. PMID 18338189. 
  2. ^ Viikari L, Alapuranen M, Puranen T, Vehmaanperä J, Siika-Aho M (2007). "Thermostable enzymes in lignocellulose hydrolysis". Adv. Biochem. Eng. Biotechnol. 108: 121–45. doi:10.1007/10_2007_065. PMID 17589813. 
  3. ^ [Seidl V, Gamauf C, Druzhinina IS, Seiboth B, Hartl L, Kubicek CP (2008). "The Hypocrea jecorina (Trichoderma reesei) hypercellulolytic mutant RUT C30 lacks an 85 kb (29 gene-encoding) region of the wild-type genome". BMC Genomics 9: 327. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-9-327. PMC 2483294. PMID 18620557. 
  4. ^ Martinez D, Berka RM, Henrissat B, et al. (May 2008). "Genome sequencing and analysis of the biomass-degrading fungus Trichoderma reesei (syn. Hypocrea jecorina)". Nat. Biotechnol. 26 (5): 553–60. doi:10.1038/nbt1403. PMID 18454138. 
  5. ^ [Seidl V, Seibel C, Kubicek CP, Schmoll M. (2009). "Sexual development in the industrial workhorse Trichoderma reesei". PNAS 106 (33): 13909–13914. doi:10.1073/pnas.0904936106. PMC 2728994. PMID 19667182. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Energy.