Trichomanes

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Trichomanes
Trichomanes kaulfussii (Trichomanes lucens Hook & Grev).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Polypodiophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida /
 Pteridopsida (disputed)
Order: Hymenophyllales
Family: Hymenophyllaceae
Genus: Trichomanes

Trichomanes is a large genus of ferns in the family Hymenophyllaceae, termed bristle ferns.[1] Some botanists place it in its own family, Trichomanaceae. All ferns in the hymenophylloid clade are filmy ferns, with leaf tissue typically 2 cells thick. This thinness generally necessitates a permanently humid habitat, and makes the fronds somewhat translucent.

The name bristle fern refers to the small bristle that protrudes from the indusia of these ferns.

At least one species now is known to exist solely in its gametophytic stage. Trichomanes intricatum has no known sporophytes and is native to eastern North America.

Species[edit]

The genus Trichomanes contains about 300 mostly tropical species,[2] including:

Synonyms[edit]

The following Trichomanes species names are not currently accepted:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trichomanes, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Dec 2012 
  2. ^ Cobb/Farnsworth/Lowe: Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America 2nd edition, p. 216 (2005)
  3. ^ T. alatum, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Jan 2012 
  4. ^ T. angustifrons, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Jan 2012 
  5. ^ T. bauerianum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  6. ^ T. boschianum eFloras.org Flora of North America 12 Jan 2012
  7. ^ T. capillaceum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  8. ^ T. crispum, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Jan 2012 
  9. ^ T. cyrtotheca, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Jan 2012 
  10. ^ T. davallioides, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 13 Jan 2012 
  11. ^ T. hostmannianum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  12. ^ T. intricatum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  13. ^ T. melanopus Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  14. ^ T. paucisorum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  15. ^ T. petersii, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Jan 2012 
  16. ^ T. radicans, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 12 Jan 2012 
  17. ^ T. reniforme Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  18. ^ Northridge, R. and H. 2007. Killarney Fern Trichomanes speciosum Willd. in Northern Ireland. Ir. Nat.J. 2007 28: 422-423.
  19. ^ T. tenuissimum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  20. ^ T. abruptum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012
  21. ^ T. boryanum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 13 Jan 2012
  22. ^ T. javanicum Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 12 Jan 2012

External links[edit]