Tricity, Poland

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Tricity
Trójmiasto
Urban area
Tricity is located in Poland
Tricity
Tricity
Map of the Tricity area
Coordinates: 54°26′N 18°33′E / 54.433°N 18.550°E / 54.433; 18.550
Country Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
Government
 • Mayor of Gdańsk Paweł Adamowicz
 • Mayor of Gdynia Wojciech Szczurek
 • Mayor of Sopot Jacek Karnowski
Area
 • Total 414.81 km2 (160.16 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 748,126
 • Density 1,804/km2 (4,670/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +48 058
Car Plates GA, GD, GSP

Tricity (or Tri-City, in Polish Trójmiasto [Polish pronunciation: [trujˈmʲastɔ]], in Kashubian Trzëgard) is an urban area consisting of three major Polish cities in Pomerania: Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, as well as minor towns nearby them. They are situated adjacent to one other, in a row, on the coast of the Gdańsk Bay, Baltic Sea, in Pomerelia (Pomeranian Voivodeship), northern Poland. The Tricity metropolitan area has a population of over 1 million people. The name Trójmiasto was used informally or semi-formally only, until 28 March 2007, when the "Tricity Charter" (in Polish "Karta Trójmiasta") was signed as a declaration of the cities' cooperation.

Economy[edit]

Nearly 35% taxpayers from Tricity are in the middle and high taxable income groups (average for Poland 10%). Approximately 12% of Tricity taxpayers are in highest taxable income group (Polish average 3%).

Population[edit]

The total population of the 3 cities comprising Tricity (Gdańsk + Gdynia + Sopot):

  • XII.1960: 481,100 inhabitants (286,900 + 150,200 + 44,000)
  • XII.1970: 604,800 inhabitants (365,600 + 191,500 + 47,700)
  • XII.1975: 693,800 inhabitants (421,000 + 221,100 + 51,700)
  • XII.1980: 744,400 inhabitants (456,700 + 236,400 + 51,300)
  • XII.2004: 754,960 inhabitants (460,524 + 253,650 + 40,785)
  • XII.2006: 748,126 inhabitants (456,658 + 251,844 + 39,624)

The Tricity metropolitan area also includes Wejherowo, Reda, Rumia, Pruszcz Gdański and several other communities. The total population in 2006 was 1,100,500, in an area of 1580.69 km².

The Tricity continuous urban area includes following cities:

city area
1996
km²
area
2006
km²
pop. 1996 pop. 1999 pop. 2003 pop. 2006
Gdańsk 265.03 266.00 462,336 457,937 461,011 456,658
Gdynia 135.49 141.49 251,932 255,014 253,500 251,844
Sopot 17.31 17.31 43,360 42,333 41,017 39,624
Pruszcz Gdański 16.47 16.47 21,470 21,757 23,187 24,276
Rumia 32,86 30.00 ? 40 200 43 000 44,551
Reda 26.39 30.00 15,422 17,510 17,868 18,610
Wejherowo 25.65 26.00 47,357 47,038 46,900 45,522
Total 513.42 521.27 882,871 884,080 885,240 881,085

According to official EU publication [1] the population of Larger Urban Zone of Tricity is 1 098 379.

Education[edit]

The Tricity is an important center of education.

  • Gdańsk: Number of universities: 13 (2010) Number of students: 52,436 (2009) Number of graduates: 10,439 (2001)
  • Gdynia: Number of universities: 7 (2010) Number of students: 21,362 (2010)

Some of universities:

Entertainment[edit]

Cinemas:

  • Gdańsk Film Centre (studio cinemas)
    • Helikon
    • Kameralne
    • Neptun
  • Kinoplex
  • Krewetka
  • Multikino Gdynia
  • Multikino Gdańsk
  • Multikino Sopot
  • Multikino Rumia
  • Żak
  • Helios Gdynia
  • Polonia

Theatres:

  • Wybrzeże Theatre
  • Danuta Baduszkowa Musical Theatre in Gdynia
  • Witold Gombrowicz Municipal Theatre in Gdynia
  • Atelier Theatre in Sopot
  • Dreams Theatre
  • Miniatura Theatre in Gdansk
  • Theatre Znak in Gdansk
  • Wybrzeżak Theatre
  • Scena Kameralna Teatru Wybrzeże
  • Summer Scene of Gdynia's Municipal Theatre
  • Scena Teatralna ŻAK
  • Theatrum Gedanense Foundation [2]

Opera house and Philharmonic

Climate[edit]

Tricity has a temperate climate with warm summers and cold winters that can be very severe. Rain is possible all year round. Summer is the best time to visit when temperatures range from 70°F to 90°F (20°C to 30°C), but evenings can be cool enough to require a sweater. Winters are wet, cold and grey.

Climate data for Tricity (Gdansk)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(33)
0
(33)
4
(40)
9
(49)
15
(60)
18
(66)
20
(69)
20
(69)
16
(61)
11
(52)
5
(41)
1
(35)
10
(50)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(24)
−4
(24)
−1
(29)
1
(35)
6
(43)
9
(49)
11
(53)
11
(53)
8
(47)
4
(40)
0
(33)
−2
(28)
3
(38)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.1
(1.5)
27.9
(1.1)
27.9
(1.1)
30.5
(1.2)
43.2
(1.7)
55.9
(2.2)
71.1
(2.8)
71.1
(2.8)
61.0
(2.4)
48.3
(1.9)
55.9
(2.2)
45.7
(1.8)
576.6
(22.7)
Source: Weatherbase[3]

Sport[edit]

Main article: Sport in Tricity

Tricity has a number of professional teams, which compete in basketball, volleyball, speedway, handball, rugby union and football.

The most known football clubs are Lechia Gdańsk and Arka Gdynia, both of which also possess highly successful rugby teams (RC Arka and RC Lechia. There is a third top-flight Polish rugby team Ogniwo Sopot, making the Tricity Poland's rugby capital. The third football club is Bałtyk Gdynia.

Wybrzeże Gdańsk are the Tricity's speedway team, formerly a multi-sports club, now its only only other remaining section is the reactivated handball team, former 10 times men's Polish champions.

Asseco Gdynia and Trefl Sopot are the two men's professional basketball teams, while Lotos Gdynia are their female counterparts.

Transport[edit]

Tricity has a well-developed common transport system, in addition each city has its own. Here is described only the common part of the system.

Development of the Tricity was smoothed by the construction of the city train (SKM) 1951, binding the whole area from Tczew by Gdańsk, Sopot 1953, Gdynia 1956, Reda, Rumia to Wejherowo 1957.

The backbone of the Tricity is the inner highway. It starts in Gdańsk and goes through Sopot, Gdynia, Rumia and Reda to Wejherowo. It consists of 2-4 lanes in each direction.

In 1975 the dual carriageway Tricity Beltway (Obwodnica Trójmiejska) was constructed. It starts in the vicinity of Pruszcz Gdański and goes through the western districts of Gdańsk to Gdynia-Chylonia.

There is plan to build new line of Szybka Kolej Miejska to connect Baltic Arena with Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport.

Airport[edit]

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport is one of the three main international Polish airports. Its position is associated with a well-developed network of domestic and international transport connections provided in response to the growing demand for business and tourist travel.

The Gdansk Airport is located a mere 10 km from the centre of Gdansk, about the same distance from the centre of Sopot and 23 km from the centre of Gdynia. The continually expanding road system which connects the airport with the city centres allows drivers to cover the distances in about 15–20 minutes. The close vicinity of the Tri-city by-pass and junctions with state motorways nos. 1, 6 and 7 facilitates access from areas outside the Tri-city. The convenient location of the airport makes it easy for travellers and cargo carriers to transfer from air to road, and also to the railway network and seaports. Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport has its own railway siding which can be used for handling large lots of cargo dispatched by air.

The efficient Gdansk Airport operates even the biggest planes and allows thousands of tourists to visit the Pomerania province every day. Just in front of the main entrance to the passenger terminal the visitors can find a bus that will take them to the city centre. They may also chose to take a taxi that will take them wherever they want to go in the area of the Tri-City for a relatively small price.

There's also a plan of building a terminal in Gdynia. It's going to be completed in 2012 for UEFA Euro 2012.

Getting airport by bus

  • to/from Gdansk Wrzeszcz - line 110
  • to/from Gdansk - line 210
  • to/from Gdansk Wrzeszcz/ Gdansk Central Train Station - night line N3
  • to/from Gdynia Central Train Station - line 510

Airplanes connections with GDN:

Ferries[edit]

Ferryboats connections with Gdynia, Sopot, Gdansk:

Buses[edit]

The variety and a number of connections make the travel around the Tri-City and surrounding areas very easy. One of the most popular means of transport in the Pomerania province is the public bus. There is a great number of bus lines and they cover every district of the three cities of the metropolis. In Gdynia, except normal buses, there are also Trolleybuses.

Foreign representatives[edit]

Gdansk:

Gdynia:

Sopot:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°26′N 18°33′E / 54.433°N 18.550°E / 54.433; 18.550