The trifluorooxonium cation is a hypothetical positively-charged polyatomic ion with chemical formula OF+
3. It is structurally equivalent to the hydronium ion where the hydrogen atoms surrounding the central oxygen atom have been replaced by fluorine, and is isoelectronic with nitrogen trifluoride. This cation would be an example of oxygen in the +4 oxidation state.
3 cation was shown to be vibrationally stable at all levels of theory applied (HF, MP2, CCSD(T)). OF+
3 was proposed to possess a pyramidal structure with an O–F bond length of 1.395 Å and F–O–F bond angles of 104.2° (CCSD(T) level of theory). The F+
detachment energy of the OF+
3 cation was calculated to be +110.1 kcalmol−1. However, the low-temperature reaction of F
2 and AsF
5 under UV irradiation, besides unreacted starting materials only yielded the dioxygenyl salt O+
. The oxidation of OF
2 with KrF+
salts also failed to produce evidence for the title cation.
The formation of the hypothetical salt OF+
was calculated to be about thermoneutral, but slightly unfavorable with OF
2(g) + F
2(g) + AsF
5(g) → OF+
(s) = +10.5 kcalmol-1.