1-[4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-5- (trifluoromethyl) pyrimidine-2,4-dione
Trade names Viroptic
Pregnancy cat. C
℞ -only ( CA) ℞ -only ( US)
Routes Eye drops
Half-life 12 minutes
C 10 H 11 F 3 N 2 O 5
Mol. mass 296.2 g/mol
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Trifluridine (also called trifluorothymidine or TFT) is an anti- herpesvirus antiviral drug, used primarily on the eye. It was sold under the trade name, Viroptic, by Glaxo Wellcome, now merged into GlaxoSmithKline. The brand is now owned by Monarch Pharmaceuticals, which is wholly owned by King Pharmaceuticals.
It is a
nucleoside analogue, a modified form of deoxyuridine, similar enough to be incorporated into viral DNA replication, but the -CF 3 group added to the uracil component blocks base pairing.
It is a component of the experimental anti-cancer drug
Cochrane Systematic Review showed that trifluridine was a more effective treatment than idoxuridine or vidarabine, significantly increasing the relative number of successfully healed eyes in 14 days. [1 ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Costin D, Dogaru M, Popa A, Cijevschi I (2004). "Trifluridine therapy in herpetic in keratitis". Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 108 (2): 409–12. PMID 15688823.
Kuster P, Taravella M, Gelinas M, Stepp P (1998). "Delivery of trifluridine to human cornea and aqueous using collagen shields.". CLAO J 24 (2): 122–4. PMID 9571274.
O'Brien W, Taylor J (1991). "Therapeutic response of herpes simplex virus-induced corneal edema to trifluridine in combination with immunosuppressive agents.". Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 32 (9): 2455–61. PMID 1907950.
"Trifluridine Ophthalmic Solution, 1%" (PDF) . Retrieved 2007-03-24.