Trincomalee District

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Trincomalee District
திருகோணமலை மாவட்டம்
තිරිකුණාමළය දිස්ත්‍රික්කය
Administrative District
Trincomalee Bay
Trincomalee Bay
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Administrative units of Trincomalee District in 2006
Administrative units of Trincomalee District in 2006
Coordinates: 08°35′N 81°05′E / 8.583°N 81.083°E / 8.583; 81.083Coordinates: 08°35′N 81°05′E / 8.583°N 81.083°E / 8.583; 81.083
Country Sri Lanka
Province Eastern
Capital Trincomalee
DS Division
Government
 • District Secretary Maj Gen T. Thissa Ranjith de Silva
 • MPs
 • MPCs
Area
 • Total 2,727 km2 (1,053 sq mi)
 • Land 2,529 km2 (976 sq mi)
 • Water 198 km2 (76 sq mi)  7.26%
Area rank 11th (4.16% of total area)
Population (2012 census)[1]
 • Total 378,182
 • Rank 21st (1.87% of total pop.)
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Ethnicity(2012 census)[1]
 • Moor 152,854 (40.42%)
 • Sri Lankan Tamil 115,549 (30.55%)
 • Sinhalese 101,991 (26.97%)
 • Indian Tamil 6,531 (1.73%)
 • Other 1,257 (0.33%)
Religion(2012 census)[2]
 • Muslim 159,251 (42.11%)
 • Buddhist 98,772 (26.12%)
 • Hindu 98,133 (25.95%)
 • Christian 21,892 (5.79%)
 • Other 134 (0.04%)
Time zone Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)
Post Codes 31000-31999
Telephone Codes 026
ISO 3166 code LK-53
Vehicle registration EP
Official Languages Tamil, Sinhala
Website Trincomalee District Secretariat

Trincomalee District (Tamil: திருகோணமலை மாவட்டம் Tirukŏṇamalai Māvaṭṭam; Sinhala: තිරිකුණාමළය දිස්ත්‍රික්කය) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Trincomalee.

Geography[edit]

Trincomalee District is located in the east of Sri Lanka in the Eastern Province. It has an area of 2,727 square kilometres (1,053 sq mi).[3]

Administrative units[edit]

Trincomalee District is divided into 11 Divisional Secretary's Division (DS Divisions), each headed by a Divisional Secretary (previously known as an Assistant Government Agent).[4] The DS Divisions are further sub-divided into 230 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GN Divisions).[4]

DS Division Main Town Divisional Secretary GN
Divisions
Area
(km2)
[5]
Population (2012 Census)[6] Population
Density
(/km2)
Sri Lankan Moors Sri Lankan
Tamil
Sinhalese Indian
Tamil
Other Total
Gomarankadawala Gomarankadawala J. I. Ruwan Jayasundara 10 288 1 25 7,313 0 0 7,339 25
Kantalai Kantalai U. J. M. S. S. B. Jayasinghe 23 404 5,108 1,534 37,448 2,478 73 46,641 115
Kinniya Kinniya C. Krishnendran 31 165 58,447 2,522 19 3,445 18 64,451 391
Kuchchaveli Kuchchaveli A. Umamaheswaran 24 438 21,307 10,553 1,193 40 7 33,100 76
Morawewa (Muthalikkulam) Morawewa K. P. Premadasa 10 329 1,300 888 5,750 3 5 7,946 24
Muttur Muttur N. Pratheepan 42 195 34,984 20,935 444 4 12 56,379 289
Padavi Siripura Siripura 10 152 1 10 11,846 0 1 11,858 78
Seruvila Seruvila U. P. C. A. Piyadasa 17 311 2,426 1,816 9,293 3 8 13,546 44
Thampalakamam (Thambalagamuwa) Thampalakamam D. M. R. P. Dassanayake 12 226 16,164 4,701 7,476 0 15 28,356 125
Trincomalee Town & Gravets Trincomalee S. Jalatheepan 42 148 13,113 61,282 21,179 546 1,114 97,234 657
Verugal & Eachchalampattu Verugal P. Thanesvaran 9 71 3 11,283 30 12 4 11,332 160
Total 230 2,727 152,854 115,549 101,991 6,531 1,257 378,182 139

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Trincomalee District's population was 378,182 in 2012.[1]

The population of the district, like the rest of the east and north, has been heavily affected by the civil war. The war killed an estimated 100,000 people.[7] Several hundred thousand Sri Lankan Tamils, possibly as much as one million, emigrated to the West during the war.[8] Many Sri Lankan Tamils also moved to the relative safety of the capital Colombo. The war also caused many people from all ethnic and religious groups who lived in the district to flee to other parts of Sri Lanka, though most of them have returned to the district since the end of the civil war.

Ethnicity[edit]

Population of Trincomalee District by ethnic group 1827 to 2012[1][9][10]
Year Muslim[a] Tamil[b] Sinhalese Other Total
No.
No. % No. % No. % No. %
1827 3,245 16.94% 15,663 81.76% 250 1.30% 0 0.00% 19,158
1881 Census 5,746 25.89% 14,304 64.44% 935 4.21% 1,212 5.46% 22,197
1891 Census 6,426 24.96% 17,117 66.49% 1,105 4.29% 1,097 4.26% 25,745
1901 Census 8,258 29.04% 17,060 59.98% 1,203 4.23% 1,920 6.75% 28,441
1911 Census 9,700 32.60% 17,233 57.92% 1,138 3.82% 1,684 5.66% 29,755
1921 Census 12,846 37.66% 18,580 54.47% 1,501 4.40% 1,185 3.47% 34,112
1946 Census 23,219 30.58% 33,795 44.51% 11,606 15.29% 7,306 9.62% 75,926
1953 Census 28,616 34.10% 37,517 44.71% 15,296 18.23% 2,488 2.96% 83,917
1963 Census 40,775 29.43% 54,452 39.30% 39,925 28.82% 3,401 2.45% 138,553
1971 Census 59,924 31.83% 71,749 38.11% 54,744 29.08% 1,828 0.97% 188,245
1981 Census 75,039 29.32% 93,132 36.39% 85,503 33.41% 2,274 0.89% 255,948
2001 Census[c] n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
2007 Enumeration 151,692 45.37% 96,142 28.75% 84,766 25.35% 1,763 0.53% 334,363
2012 Census 152,854 40.42% 122,080 32.29% 101,991 26.97% 1,257 0.33% 378,182

Religion[edit]

Population of Trincomalee District by religion 1981 to 2012[2][11]
Year Muslim Buddhist Hindu Christian[d] Others Total
No.
No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %
1981 Census 76,404 29.85% 82,602 32.27% 80,843 31.59% 15,583 6.09% 516 0.20% 255,948
2012 Census 159,2516 42.11% 98,772 26.12% 98,133 25.95% 21,892 5.79% 134 0.04% 378,182

Politics and government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Trincomalee District has 13 local authorities of which two are Urban Councils and the remaining 11 are Divisional Councils (Pradesha Sabhai or Pradeshiya Sabha).[12]

Local Authority Area Population Registered
Electors
(2011)
Elected Members (2011)
UPFA TNA UNP Other Total
Gomarankadawala Divisional Council 5,831 8 0 1 0 9
Kantalai Divisional Council 397.3 48,632 30,898 8 0 3 0 11
Kinniya Divisional Council 16,626 5 0 2 0 7
Kinniya Urban Council 9.5 44,034 21,069 5 0 1 1 7
Kuchchaveli Divisional Council 333.3 29,967 20,872 6 2 1 0 9
Morawewa Divisional Council 116.0 10,000 8,659 6 0 3 0 9
Muttur Divisional Council 179.4 60,000 37,731 7 3 1 0 11
Padavi Siripura Divisional Council 217.1 13,000 8,362 6 0 1 2 9
Seruvila Divisional Council 277.0 13,886 9,130 7 1 1 0 9
Thampalakamam Divisional Council 244.0 33,967 17,125 6 0 3 0 9
Trincomalee Town and Gravets Divisional Council 31,791 3 5 1 0 9
Trincomalee Urban Council 7.5 101,958 31,927 2 8 1 1 12
Verugal Divisional Council 5,894 1 5 0 1 7
Total 245,915 70 24 19 5 118

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sri Lankan Moors and Indian Moors.
  2. ^ Sri Lankan Tamil and Indian Tamil.
  3. ^ 2001 Census was only carried out partially in Trincomalee District.
  4. ^ Roman Catholic and Other Christian.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  2. ^ a b "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  3. ^ "Area of Sri Lanka by province and district". Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  4. ^ a b "Overview". Trincomalee District Secretariat. 
  5. ^ "Land area by province, district and divisional secretariat division". Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  6. ^ "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  7. ^ "Up to 100,000 killed in Sri Lanka's civil war: UN". ABC News (Australia). 20 May 2009. 
  8. ^ Harrison, Frances (23 July 2003). "Twenty years on - riots that led to war". BBC News. 
  9. ^ "Special Enumeration 2007, Trincomalee". Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  10. ^ "Demographic Changes by the LTTE Peace Secretariat, April 2008". Sangam. 
  11. ^ "Population by religion and district, Census 1981, 2001". Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  12. ^ "Local Authorities". Trincomalee District Secretariat. 

External links[edit]