Trillium luteum

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Trillium luteum
Trillium luteum 2.jpg
Conservation status

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. luteum
Binomial name
Trillium luteum
Harb., 1901

Trillium sessile var. luteum Muhl.

Trillium luteum (common names: yellow wakerobin, yellow trillium) is a species of flowering plant in the family Melanthiaceae, with native populations in the Great Smoky Mountains of the USA and surrounding areas. It occurs in parts of North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee and Kentucky, usually in the shade of mature deciduous trees. It is especially abundant around Gatlinburg.


Growing to 40 cm (16 in) tall by 30 cm (12 in) wide, it is an herbaceous perennial flowering in spring.[3] It is cultivated in temperate regions for its variegated leaves and yellow, lemon-scented flowers. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]


Trillium luteum is often sold under its earlier name of Trillium sessile var. luteum, and so may be confused with Trillium sessile.


Escapes from cultivation have been noted as far north as the northern Berkshires in Massachusetts and Saginaw, Michigan.


  1. ^ "Trillium luteum". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  2. ^ Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept.: 38 (1813)
  3. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Trillium luteum". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 

Further reading[edit]