Trillium luteum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trillium luteum
Trillium luteum 2.jpg
Conservation status

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. luteum
Binomial name
Trillium luteum
Harb., 1901

Trillium luteum (common names: yellow wakerobin, yellow trillium) is a species of flowering plants in the family Melanthiaceae, with native populations in the Great Smoky Mountains of the USA and surrounding areas.[3] It occurs in parts of North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee and Kentucky, usually in the shade of mature deciduous trees. It is especially abundant around Gatlinburg. The species also occurs in scattered locations farther north, in Ontario, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and northern Virginia, but these appear to be naturalized populations.[4]


Growing to 40 cm (16 in) tall by 30 cm (12 in) wide, Trillium luteum is an herbaceous perennial flowering in spring.[3][5] It is cultivated in temperate regions for its variegated leaves and yellow, lemon-scented flowers. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6]


Trillium luteum is often sold under its earlier name of Trillium sessile var. luteum, and so may be confused with Trillium sessile.


  1. ^ "Trillium luteum". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Flora of North America, Vol. 26 Page 112 Trillium luteum (Muhlenberg) Harbison, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 21. 1901.
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Trillium luteum". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 

Further reading[edit]