||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Italian Wikipedia. (December 2013)|
Carlo Alberto Salustri (Rome, 1873-1950) was an Italian dialect poet, better known by his pen name of Trilussa (an anagram of his surname, “Salustri”). He is best known for his poems, some of them sonnets, written in the dialect of Rome.
Trilussa grew up very poor, as his father died when he was only three years old. He was a pupil of the Collegio San Giuseppe - Istituto De Merode from 1880 to 1886, first in the original location of Palazzo Poli at fontana di Trevi and then at the current location of piazza di Spagna where the school was relocated in 1885.
Trilussa made a very early poetic debut in 1887 in the Rugantino magazine edited by Alfredo Zanazzo. Later he also wrote for Don Chisciotte, Capitan Fracassa, Il Messaggero and Il Travaso delle idee. His first collection, Le stelle de Roma ("Rome's Stars"), was written in 1889.
Trilussa's fame grew in the 1920s and 1930s though he was not a part of any literary circle, preferring instead to hang out in the streets and taverns which were the sources of his inspiration. His poetry features the petit bourgeoisie of Rome: the housewife, the store clerk and the servant but also contain strong satirical denunciations against governments and the vices of rich people. Some of the sonnets are Aesop-like moralistic fables. Trilussa's own sketches and drawings were featured alongside his poetry.
- Le stelle de Roma (1889)
- Quaranta sonetti (1895)
- Favole romanesche (1900)
- Caffè-concerto (1901)
- Er serrajo (1903)
- Ommini e bestie (1908)
- Le storie (1915)
- Lupi e agnelli (1919)
- Le cose (1922)
- La gente (1927)
- "Collegio S. Giuseppe - Istituto de Mérode" (PDF). Retrieved 20 December 2013.