Trimetasphere carbon nanomaterials (TMS), also known as trimetallic nitride endohedral metallofullerenes, are a family of endohedral metallofullerenes (EMF). The first TMS adduct, a Diels-Alder cycloadduct of Sc3N by C80, was reported by Dorn et al. in 2002. It was not until 2005 that other derivatives were reported. The most abundant TMS consist of 80 carbon atoms encompassing and forming a complex with three metal atoms and a nitrogen atom (trimetallic nitride clusters, M3N).
Examples of metals forming trimetallic nitride clusters include:
- Cai et al. J. Chem. Commun. 2005, 3594-3596.
- Cardona et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 10448-10453.
- Cardona et al. J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 5092-5097.
- Lukoyanova et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 10423-10430
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