Villa de la Santísima Trinidad
The Iglesia y Convento de San Francisco in Trinidad
Trinidad municipality (red) within
Sancti Spíritus Province (yellow) and Cuba
|Founded||December 23, 1514|
|• Total||1,155 km2 (446 sq mi)|
|Elevation||80 m (260 ft)|
|• Density||63.6/km2 (165/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
Trinidad (Spanish pronunciation: [tɾiniˈðað]) is a town in the province of Sancti Spíritus, central Cuba. Together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios, it has been one of UNESCOs World Heritage sites since 1988.
Hernán Cortés recruited men for his expedition from Juan de Grijalva's home in Trinidad, and Sancti Spiritus, at the start of his 1518 expedition. This included Pedro de Alvarado and his five brothers. After ten days, Cortes sailed, the alcayde Francisco Verdugo failing to prevent Cortes from leaving, despite orders from Diego Velazquez.:49-52
Francisco Iznaga, a rich Basque landowner in the southern portion of Cuba during the first 30 years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected Mayor of Bayamo in 1540. Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage that finally settled in Trinidad where the Torre Iznaga is. His descendents fought for the Independence of Cuba and the Annexation to the US from 1820 to 1900. It is one of the best preserved cities in the Caribbean from the time when the sugar trade was the main industry in the region.
The town proper is divided into the barrios (quarters) of Primero, Segundo and Tercero. The whole municipality counts the consejos populares (villages) of Aguacate, Cabagán, Caracusey, Casilda, Guaniquical, Río de Ay, San Francisco, San Pedro and Táyaba.
Nowadays, Trinidad's main industry is tobacco processing. The older parts of town are well preserved as the Cuban tourism industry sees benefit from tour groups. In contrast, some parts of town outside the non-tourist areas are very run down and in disrepair, especially in the centre.
- Plaza Mayor
The Plaza Mayor of Trinidad is a plaza and an open air museum of Spanish colonial architecture. Only a few square blocks in size, the historic plaza area has cobblestone streets, pastel coloured houses with wrought-iron grills, and colonial era edifices such as the Santísima Trinidad Cathedral and Convento de San Francisco. The Municipal History Museum is in town also.
There are several casas de musica, including one next to the cathedral in Plaza Major. There are also discothèques, including one in church ruins, and another in a large cave formerly used as a war time hospital.
- Sugar mills
The Valley of the Sugar Mills—Valle de los Ingenios, also a World Heritage Site, has around 70 historic sugar mills. They represent the importance of sugar to the Cuban economy over the centuries. It has la Torre Iznaga, a 45 metres (148 ft) tower built by Alejo Iznaga Borrell in 1816.
- Coasts and beaches
20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city is Topes de Collantes, one of Cuba’s premier ecotourism centres. Another attraction is the Casilda Bay, which attracts both snorkelers and divers. A nearby islet has pristine beaches. Ancon Beach—Playa Ancon is a white sand beach and was one of the first new resorts to be developed in Cuba following the 1959 revolution. Along the Ancon Peninsula are three hotels: Hotel Costa Sur (South Coast Hotel), Hotel Ancon, and Brisas Trinidad del Mar.
- Guije.com. "Trinidad" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- (Spanish) History of Trinidad on EcuRed
- Diaz, B., 1963, The Conquest of New Spain, London: Penguin Books, ISBN 0140441239
- Totten, Michael J. (January 27, 2014). "The Lost World: Part II". World Affairs Journal. American Peace Society. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trinidad.|
- mycubavisit.com, Online travel guide to Trinidad
- fotopedia.com, Selected photos of Trinidad
- opengalleries.org, Photos of Trinidad
- Typical colonial casa hostal in Trinidad Cuba