Trinidad (ship)

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Fate: Wrecked c.1523
General characteristics
Type: nao
Tonnage: 100–110 tons
Complement: 61

Trinidad was the flagship of Ferdinand Magellan's voyage of circumnavigation. Unlike Elcano's Victoria, which returned to Spain sailing across the Indian Ocean, Trinidad tried and failed to sail east across the Pacific to New Spain or modern-day Mexico. Trinidad was a nao (ship) of 100 tons (or 110 tons, Morrison has both) with square sails on the fore and main masts and a lateen mizzen. Its original crew was 61. After Magellan's death and the burning of Concepcion, Victoria and Trinidad reached Tidore on 8 November 1521. In mid-December both ships attempted to depart loaded with cloves, but Trinidad almost immediately began to leak badly. Inspection showed that the problem was serious. It was agreed that Victoria would leave for Spain and Trinidad would remain for repairs.

On 6 April 1522, Trinidad left Tidore loaded with 50 tons of cloves. Her commander was Gonzalo Gomez de Espinosa, Magellan's alguacil (master-at-arms), a good soldier, but no sailor.[1][Note 1] After ten days Trinidad put in at one of the Marianas, where three men deserted, and then headed northeast. Espinosa was apparently trying to reach the Westerlies, but did not find them, probably because of the summer monsoon. He reached 42 or 43 degrees north in increasingly bad weather. Scurvy set in, ultimately killing 30 men and leaving only 20 to sail the ship. Five months after leaving, he turned back and two months later reached the Moluccas.

The previous May a fleet of seven Portuguese ships under António de Brito reached Tidore, seeking to arrest Magellan. Espinosa sent Brito a letter begging for supplies. Brito sent an armed party to capture Trinidad, but, instead of armed resistance, they found only a ship on the verge of sinking and a crew near death. Trinidad was sailed back to Ternate where her sails and rigging were removed. The ship was caught in a storm and smashed to pieces.

Only four of the survivors got back to Europe. Juan Rodriguez escaped in a Portuguese ship. Espinosa, Mafra, and Vargue spent two years at hard labor and were then shipped to Lisbon. Hans Bergen, the Norwegian gunner, died in a Portuguese prison.[Note 2] Gines de Mafra, a pilot, was reported in the Philippines in 1542. Espinosa is last heard of as a Spanish inspector of ships in 1543.


  1. ^ Also on board was the Spaniard diarist Gines de Mafra, whose biased assessment of Espinosa found its way unchallenged into modern history books. He may have been dismayed at the commander's decision to go back the way they came, rather than continue west towards Africa.[citation needed]
  2. ^ In Bergreen's book his name is noted as Hans Vargue at the end of the book, and as Hans Bergen in the beginning.[2]


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