Trinity (Andrei Rublev)

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Trinity
Angelsatmamre-trinity-rublev-1410.jpg
Artist Andrei Rublev
Year 1411 or 1425-27
Type Tempera
Dimensions 142 cm × 114 cm (56 in × 45 in)
Location Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

Trinity (Russian: Троица, also called "Rublev's Trinity") is a Holy Trinity Icon, believed to be created by Russian painter Andrei Rublev in the 15th century.[1] It is his most famous work,[2] as well regarded as one of the highest achievements of Russian art.[3] Trinity depicts the three angels who visited Abraham at the oak of Mamre (see. Genesis 18,1-15), but the painting is full of symbolism and often interpreted as an icon of the Holy Trinity.[4]

Little is known about Trinity's history, scientists can only make suppositions.[5] Even the authorship of Rublev is questioned sometimes. Different sources conjecture the date of creation as 1408-1425, 1422-1423 or 1420-1427. The official version states 1411 or 1425-27. According to the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius records, in 1575 the icon was "covered with gold" by Ivan the Terrible. A golden riza was renewed in 1600 during the tsardom of Boris Godunov. The original is currently held in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. It was commissioned in honor of the abbot Sergius of the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, near Moscow. Two copies were made (in 1598-1600 and in 1926-28), both kept in Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra's Cathedral iconostasis.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Miniature depiction of Andrei Rublev's Trinity.
  • Gabriel Bunge, "The Rublev Trinity: The Icon of the Trinity by the Monk-Painter Andrei Rublev", Crestwood, NY, St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2007.
  • Troitca Andreya Rubleva [The Trinity of Andrey Rublev], Gerold I. Vzdornov (ed.), Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1989.
  • Konrad Onasch, Das Problem des Lichtes in der Ikonomalerei Andrej Rublevs. Zur 600–Jahrfeier des grossen russischen Malers, vol. 28. Berlin: Berliner byzantinische Arbeiten, 1962.
  • Eugeny N. Trubetskoi, Russkaya ikonopis'. Umozrenie w kraskah. Wopros o smysle vizni w drewnerusskoj religioznoj viwopisi [Russian icon painting. Colourful contemplation. Question of the meaning of life in early Russian religious painting], Moscow: Beliy Gorod, 2003 [1916].
  • Natalya A. Demina, Troitca Andreya Rubleva [The Trinity of Andrey Rublev]. Moscow: Nauka, 1963.
  • Mikhail V. Alpatov, Andrey Rublev, Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1972.
  • Florensky, Pavel A. Troitse-Sergieva Lavra i Rossiya [The Troitse-Sergiev’s Lavra and Russia]. In Troitsa Andreya Rubleva [The Trinity of Andrey Rublev], Gerold I. Vzdornov (ed.), 52–53, Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1989.
  • Nikolai A. Golubtsov, Presyataya Troitsa I domostroitel’stvo (Ob ikone inoka Andreya Rubleva) [The Holy Trinity and housebuilding (On the icon of Holy Trinity by Andrey Rublev)], Journal of Moscow Patriarchate 7, 32–40, 1960.
  • Sergius Golubtsov, Ikona jivonachal’noy Troitsy [The icon of live-creating Trinity], Journal of Moscow Patriarchate 7, 69–76, 1972.
  • Viktor N. Lazarev, Russkaya srednevekovaya zhivopis’ [Medieval Russian art], In Troitsa Andreya Rubleva [The Trinity of Andrey Rublev], Gerold I. Vzdornov (ed.), 104–110. Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1989.
  • Henri J. M. Nouwen, Behold the Beauty of the Lord: Praying with Icons, Notre Dame, Ind., AveMariaPress, 1987, pp. 23–24
  • Michael Jinkins, Alan J Torrance, Invitation to theology, InterVarsity Press, 2001, pp. 186–187, ISBN 0-8308-1562-7
  • Georgij Yu. Somov, Semiotic systemity of visual artworks: Case study of The Holy Trinity by Rublev . Semiotica 166 (1/4), 1-79, 2007. Alternative link.

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