Trinity College (Connecticut)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
|Motto||Pro Ecclesia Et Patria (Latin)|
|Motto in English||For Church and Country|
|Postgraduates||86 (includes post-doctoral students and visiting scholars)|
|Location||Hartford, Connecticut, USA|
|Colors||Blue and Old Gold|
|Athletics||NCAA Division III|
|Sports||29 varsity teams|
Trinity College is a private liberal arts college in Hartford, Connecticut. Founded in 1823, it is the second-oldest college in the state of Connecticut after Yale University. Coeducational since 1969, the college enrolls 2,300 students. Trinity offers 38 majors and 26 minors, with a student to faculty ratio of 10:1.
The college is a member of the New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC).
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Student life
- 4 Hartford campus
- 5 Notable people
- 6 In popular culture
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
In a state dominated by Congregationalists, the state's Episcopalians sought for years to set up their own college. The 1818 Connecticut Constitution disestablished the Congregationalist church and provided an opening, which was taken by Bishop Thomas Brownell. Yale alumni protested vigorously, but Washington College opened in 1824 to nine students. It was renamed Trinity College in 1845; the original campus consisted of two Greek Revival buildings, one housing a chapel, library, and lecture rooms and the other, a dormitory. The trustees sold the campus to the city in 1872. They moved the college to an 80 acre site on the western edge of Hartford. Enrollment reached 122 in 1892. President Remsen Ogilby (1920–43) grew the campus, and more than doubled the endowment. The faculty grew from 25 to 62, and the student body from 167 to 530 men. Under President Keith Funston (1943–51), returning veterans expanded the enrollment to 900.
In 1872, Trinity College was persuaded by the state to move from its downtown “College Hill” location (now Capitol Hill, site of the state capitol building) to its current 100-acre (40 ha) campus a mile southwest. Although the college sold its land overlooking the Park River and Bushnell Park in 1872, it did not complete its move to its Gallows Hill campus until 1878. The original plans for the Gallows Hill site were drawn by the noted Victorian architect William Burges but were too ambitious and too expensive to be fully realized. Only one section of the proposed campus plan, the Long Walk, was completed.
Trinity ended the nineteenth century as an institution primarily serving the Hartford area. The founding of the University of Hartford in 1957, however, allowed Trinity to focus on becoming a regional institution rather than a local one. The early years of the century were primarily growth years for Trinity. Enrollment was increased to 500 men.
In 1932, under President Remsen Ogilby, the Gothic chapel was completed and became the symbol of Trinity College. It replaced the Seabury chapel which had become too small for the student body.
In 1968, the trustees of Trinity College voted to make a commitment to enroll (with financial aid as needed) more minority students. This decision was preceded by a siege of the administrative offices in the Downes and Williams Memorial buildings during which Trinity students would not allow the president or trustees to leave until they agreed to the resolution.
Less than one year later, Trinity College became coeducational and admitted its first female students, as transfers from Vassar College. Today, women make up about 50 percent of Trinity's student body.
Trinity offers three types of degrees: B.A., B.S., as well as M.A. in a few subjects. In total, the college offers 38 majors. Students also have the option of creating a self-designed major or adding an interdisciplinary or departmental minor. Trinity is part of a small group of liberal arts schools that offer degrees in engineering. Trinity has a student to faculty ratio of 9:1.
Study away is an integral part of the Trinity experience and is also a critical component of Trinity’s urban/global focus. Approximately 70 percent of Trinity undergraduates study abroad or in another U.S. city before graduating. In addition to the Trinity College, Rome Campus, Trinity has programs in Paris, Barcelona, Vienna, Trinidad and Tobago, Cape Town, and Buenos Aires that are partially staffed by Trinity professors. In addition there are many other study abroad programs which Trinity students are approved to take part in. In 2012 Trinity established a program in Shanghai through a partnership with Fudan University.
Trinity College, Rome Campus
Trinity College, Rome Campus (TCRC) is a study abroad campus of Trinity College. It was established in 1970 and is located in a residential area of Rome on the Aventine Hill close to the Basilica of Santa Sabina within the precincts of a convent run by an order of nuns.
The program usually consists of 50–70 students from different American colleges and universities. Students can either attend TCRC for a semester or for their summer program. Each semester, there are usually a range of courses from economics to art history. Most courses make use of the city of Rome by conducting numerous walking tours and trips. Every student enrolled in the program is required to take the appropriate level of study of Italian language. The program also regularly makes trips to other parts of Italy, such as Florence, Venice, and Capri.
Admission to Trinity has been increasingly competitive in recent years; this may be attributed to a large increase in admission applications. In January 2011, Trinity's Dean of Admissions reported a 45% application increase, one of the highest ever. A New York Times article in January 2011 noted a 47.38% increase, the highest increase of the nation's most selective colleges. Trinity's President James F. Jones commented "The 48.4 percent increase in completed apps is unprecedented: at Trinity or anywhere else for that matter as far as we know. Trinity has become a very hot school because of the vast opportunities we offer, all of which are being better publicized through our new admissions materials, the new website, and our ever-evolving use of social media." 
For the Class of 2016, Trinity received 7,720 applications, and accepted 2,605 (33.7%). The yield rate (the percentage of accepted students who enroll) was approximately 22.7%. In terms of class rank, 69% of the Class of 2016 were in the top 10% of their high school classes; 90% ranked in the top quarter. The middle 50% range of SAT scores was 590-690 for verbal/critical reading, 600-700 for math, and 600-700 for writing, while the ACT Composite range was 26–30.
Trinity has consistently been ranked among the top liberal arts colleges in the United States. U.S. News & World Report ranked Trinity tied for 45th in its 2015 ranking of best national liberal arts colleges in the United States. However, the college joined the "Annapolis Group" in August 2007, an organization of more than 100 of the nation's liberal arts schools, in refusing to participate in the magazine's rankings.
The Wall Street Journal has ranked Trinity as one of the 50 best "feeder schools" in the nation for top graduate school programs. Data compiled by the National Science Foundation lists Trinity as a liberal arts college that graduates disproportionately high numbers of future scientists.
In 2009, authors Howard and Matthew Greene published the second edition of Hidden Ivies: 50 Top Colleges that Rival the Ivy League which included Trinity among the most prestigious small liberal arts institutions in the northeastern United States.
Likewise, The Princeton Review has given Trinity a 95 (out of 100) for selectivity and in 2011 named Trinity as a best value college. In addition, Forbes magazine in 2013 ranked Trinity College 75th among the top colleges in the nation.
A 2011 Huffington Post article named Trinity one of the top 10 Trendiest Schools in America, along with other exclusive schools such as Columbia and Yale. The article noted Trinity's "drastic application increases and soaring student reviews" and "close-knit student body." 
In September 2012, The Alumni Factor, a college ranking platform, concluded that Trinity College alumni have some of the highest rates of financial success in the United States noting that "competitive rivalry appears to drive Trinity grads to astonishing Financial Success (ranked 4th among all schools and 3rd among liberal arts colleges) and a level of professional accomplishment that any other school would covet." The rankings declared that the college had "the fourth-highest percentage of millionaire graduates in the country as almost 26 percent of graduates reported their worth at more than a $1 million," ranking higher than other elite institutions including Yale, Columbia, Harvard, Stanford, MIT, UPenn, Amherst, and Williams.
Fraternities and sororities
Officially, approximately 18% of the student body are affiliated with a Greek organization. They operate under guidelines and regulations established by the Trinity College Inter-Greek Council.
- Alpha Chi Rho (Crow) founded at Trinity College in 1895.
- Alpha Delta Phi (AD)
- Cleo of Alpha Chi Literary Society (Cleo)
- Kappa Kappa Gamma
- Kappa Sigma
- The Ivy Society
- Pi Kappa Alpha (Pike)
- Psi Upsilon (Psi U)
- St. Anthony Hall
- Zeta Omega Eta: founded at Trinity College in 2003.
The Trinity College Department of Athletics currently sponsors Football.
A Cappella groups
- Accidentals (All-Male)
- Dischords (Co-ed)
- Pipes (Co-ed)
- Quirks (All-Female)
- Trinitones (All-Female)
- The Moveable Joints
The matriculation ceremony, sometimes referred to as the "signing of the books," first started in 1826 and is the oldest continuously observed tradition at Trinity. First year students formally join Trinity College as students by signing the matriculation register. By signing the register, students agree to the declaration found in The Charter and Standing Rules that reads: "I promise to observe the Statutes of Trinity College; to obey all its Rules and Regulations; to discharge faithfully all scholastic duties imposed upon me; and to maintain and defend all the rights, privileges, and immunities of the College according to my station and degree in the same." Symbolic of Trinity's becoming coeducational in 1969, the first student to sign the matriculation register was a woman.
Trinity's mascot, the bantam, was conceived by Hon. Joseph Buffington, Class of 1875, who was a federal judge and trustee of the College. He was a noted speaker, and gave an address during an 1899 dinner with alumni of other prestigious colleges. Giving his view on what a Trinity student is, and supporting his view that Trinity students are different from the "collegiate barnyard" consisting of Harvard and Yale (amongst others such as Amherst), Buffington said: "But I tell you, my fellow chanticleers, that the Trinity bantam has been brought up in the Trinity barnyard on different principles, and the most marked outcome of his collegiate training is the fostering of a habit which leads him to size things from his own standpoint, and not have somebody else size them for him." He continued, saying: "You will therefore understand, gentlemen, the spirit in which the Trinity bantam, game from comb to spur, crows at your door, hops in, shakes his tail feathers, and with a sociable nod to the venerable John, and a good natured "How d'ydo" to the ponderous old Elihu steps into the collegiate cock pit, makes his best bow to the tiger, says he is glad to be here, is not a whit abashed at your hugeness, [and] is satisfied with himself and his own particular coop." 
Subsequent to this address, word spread throughout campus, and newspapers began to refer to the Trinity athletic teams as the "bantams." Soon after, the bantam became accepted at Trinity and at fellow colleges as the mascot and has been so ever since.
Trinity's alma mater is "’Neath the Elms." It was written in 1882 by Trinity student Augustus P. Burgwin to the tune of a song that his butler often sang. When "'Neath the Elms" was written, the College had been planting elm trees on the quad, which remain today. Trinity alumni use this as a motto when referencing Trinity; for example, a Trinity alumnus would say to another: "I'll see you 'neath the elms." The alma mater of Trinity College is also the basis for other terms used on campus, such as "Ol' Trin."
Long Walk Buildings
The first buildings completed on the current campus were Seabury and Jarvis halls in 1878. Together with Northam Towers, these make up what is known as the "Long Walk." These buildings are the earliest examples of Collegiate Gothic architecture in the United States, built to plans drawn up by William Burges, with F.H. Kimball as supervising architect. The Long Walk has been expanded and is connected with several other buildings. On the northernmost end there is the Chapel, whose western side is connected to the Downes and Williams Memorial building. Heading south, the next building is Jarvis. Jarvis becomes Northam Towers heading south, then Seabury Hall. Seabury Hall, named for Samuel Seabury (1729–1796), is connected to Hamlin Hall. To Hamlin's east is Cook, then Goodwin and then Woodard. The dormitories on the Long Walk end there, and the terminal building on the south end of the long walk is Clement/Cinestudio. Clement is the chemistry building; Cinestudio a student run movie theater. If one travels to the south of Hamlin there will be Mather Hall and the Dean of Students Office.
The Trinity College Chapel was built in the 1930s to replace Trinity's original chapel, located in Seabury Hall (now a lecture hall). The Chapel's facade is made almost entirely of limestone and connects to the adjacent Downes Memorial Clock Tower. Its primary architect was Philip Hubert Frohman, of Frohman, Robb and Little, who were also responsible for the National Cathedral in Washington, DC.
Trinity's campus features a central green known as the Main Quad, designed by famed architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The large expanse of grass is bound on the west by the Long Walk, on the east by the Lower Long Walk, on the north by the Chapel, and on the south by the Cook and Goodwin-Woodward dormitories. While a central green is a feature of many college campuses, Trinity's is notable for its unusually large, rectangular size, running the entire length of the Long Walk and with no walkways traversing it. Trees on the Quad have been planted in a 'T' configuration (for Trinity) with the letter's base located at the statue of Bishop Brownell (built 1867). and its top running the length of the Long Walk. Tradition holds that the trees were intended to distinguish Trinity's campus from Yale's. Also located on the Quad are two cannons used on the USS Hartford, flagship of Admiral David Farragut during the American Civil War.
The whole of Trinity's campus is set out on a 100-acre (40 ha) parcel of land that is bound on the south by New Britain Avenue, on the west by Summit Street, on the east by Broad Street, and on the north by Allen Place. Trinity's former northern border, Vernon Street, has been transferred from the city of Hartford to Trinity College and closed off at one end (Broad Street), creating a cul-de-sac within Trinity's borders. Completed in 2001, and located on what was formerly an abandoned bus depot adjacent to Trinity's campus, the Learning Corridor is a collection of K-12 public magnet schools co-created by Trinity and the governments of Hartford and Connecticut.
Crescent Street, on the southeastern end of campus, is the only through street on Trinity's campus. The only other exception until its recent closure was Vernon Street, at the north end of the campus. Since the street was transferred to the school from the city, Trinity widened and repaved it, as well as installing light posts about every ten feet and adding granite crosswalks, curbs, benches, and fenceposts. Vernon Street is the location of most of the campus' cultural houses and Greek organizations, as well as Vernon Social Center. There are also various residences on that street, including the President's house, the Dean of Students' house, other faculty housing, and the Smith House for visitors. Planning is currently underway to reconstruct Crescent Street in a fashion similar to Vernon Street, as the College has demolished blighted former public housing units that once occupied the street.
Other Important Buildings on Campus
- Albert C. Jacobs Life Sciences Center – Built in 1967 in the architectural style of Brutalism, the Life Science Center, or LSC, was designed to be an abstract representation of the Long Walk. The building houses Trinity's departments of Biology and Psychology. It contains several classrooms, an auditorium, teaching labs, research labs, and a greenhouse. Trinity's first dedicated neuroscience lab is to be built in LSC in 2011. Fund raising is underway to construct a neuroscience suite and a music rehearsal hall on the north side of LSC.
- Austin Arts Center – The AAC was designed in the 1960s, and contains art exhibition spaces, two theaters (Garmany and Goodwin) , a few classrooms, and is home to the offices of Theater and Dance and Music professors.
- Clement - The Clement Center, is home to the Chemistry department. Clement contains four teaching laboratories, eight research laboratories, instrument rooms, computer rooms, and classrooms. It also offers its own library, conducive to scholarly pursuits and thoughtful concentration. During the summer of 2011, the building will undergo of $750,000 renovation of five of its laboratories through funds provided by the National Science Foundation. Clement is also home to Cinestudio, the on campus movie theater.
- Chapel The Trinity College chapel was built in 1933. It was designed by Frohman, Robb and Little, the same architects who designed the National Cathedral in Washington, DC. The chapel is home to various religious services, as well as the service of Nine Lessons and Carols, a long standing tradition at Trinity. The chapel is the tallest point in the city of Hartford.
- Facilities (Formerly Buildings and Grounds) The facilities building is the home of various departments that relate to the maintenance of the physical (as opposed to the academic) aspects of the College. Included in this building is the Director of Facilities, the Superintendent of Grounds, the Superintendent of Construction Trades (who is also the Superintendent of Access Control), various engineers, electricians, painters, carpenters and mechanics.
- Ferris Athletic Center*- Ferris Athletic Center includes a field house, an eight-lane, 37-meter swimming pool with a movable bulkhead, 16 international-size squash courts, two basketball courts, 2 weight rooms (Rick and Anne Hazelton Fitness Center), one of which that is new and used for varsity team athletes, two crew tanks, a wrestling room and a 1/10-mile indoor track. It was named after George Ferris, who graduated Trinity. Adjacent to Ferris are 19 acres of playing fields for soccer, lacrosse, field hockey, and baseball as well as the multi- purpose Robin L. Sheppard Field and the 6,500- seat Dan Jessee/Don Miller Football Field and Track.
- Jarvis Hall – This section of the Long Walk contains single, double and quad dorms, primarily for juniors and seniors. It is rumored that the doubles were originally designed for students while the singles across the hallway were intended for their servants. In actuality, the single rooms were single bedrooms, which opened into living areas, which are currently the doubles and the hallway, and six rooms retain this layout. As of the 2008 school year, the massive Long Walk Reconstruction project has been completed, and the dorms are built in a classic style.
- Mather Hall – located just south of Hamlin Hall (the southern terminus of the long walk), Mather Hall is the main student center of Trinity College. The building contains the main dining hall as well as "The Cave" dining hall, a post office and student mail boxes, a coffee house, as well as meeting rooms and large auditoriums. Mather hall will undergo a major renovation and expansion beginning in the summer of 2012 along with the Mather quadrangle, which is adjacent to the building.
- Koeppel Community Sports Center – Completed in 2006, the $15.5 million center serves as Trinity's ice hockey arena. The Koeppel Center also serves as a recreational center for students and is open to the public. The Koeppel Center was given a prestigious design recognition as part of the "Facilities of Merit" awards in 2007.
- Roy Nutt Mathematics, Engineering & Computer Science Center – is located on the Life Sciences Quad (named for the Life Sciences Center, which dominates the eastern side of the quad) it is made of brick and sandstone. The Nutt Center was designed by renowned architect César Pelli.
- Northam Towers – This central tower on the Long Walk, flanked by the Fuller archway, connects Jarvis and Seabury Halls. The towers contain student housing. The National Fraternity of Alpha Chi Rho was founded in a room within Northam Towers.
- North Campus Hall - The largest dormitory on Trinity's campus was completed in 1958. The building has since been renovated various times, and spans the trajectory of two streets, from Vernon Street to Allen Place. It is a two-story building with long hallways and multiple common rooms.
- Raether Library and Information Technology Center – Trinity's main library was originally built at the southeast corner of the main quad in the 1950s to replace the library in Williams Memorial. Additional wings were constructed in the 1970s, and a major renovation took place in 2002, at which time the building was given its present name. The Watkinson Library, which houses rare books and manuscripts, occupies an annex of the first floor. The latest renovations, which enlarged the facility to 172,000 square feet (16,000 m2) and more than 1 million volumes, include an atrium, grand reading room, three new computing labs, a multimedia development studio, a music and media center, private study rooms, and a cafe. Though a private academic library, more than 2,800 outside visitors were recorded between November, 2006 and March, 2007.
- Seabury Hall – This section of the Long Walk contains classrooms, professor's offices, and four dance studios. Its recent $32.7 million renovation project was completed in 2008. In addition, the old Seabury chapel was renovated into a classroom, maintaining the pews for student seating.
- Trinity Commons * – Located on the south end of campus on New Britain and Summit St., Trinity Commons is the new arts mecca on campus. It is contains 4 studio classrooms and the newly constructed Performance Lab. The Performance Lab is a massive black box theater that can sit at least 100 people, but can accommodate much more with standing room. It has a set lighting plot with about 100 lights and is the new performance venue for most new student and faculty shows. It also houses many offices on the other side of the building. It is one of the newest buildings on campus and only houses Theater and Dance classes and administrative offices.
- Vernon Social Center – Vernon Social Center, located on Vernon Street, is a multipurpose auditorium used on campus for various events, including concerts and lectures. It is attached to Vernon Place, a dormitory, and makes up the quad housing North Campus Hall and High Rise Hall.
Trinity is a signatory of the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment. Students are involved with programs such as Green Campus, ConnPIRG, and The TREEhouse (Trinity Recreational and Environmental Education House). Students also have access to Zipcars, UPass bus passes.
Trinity College and Hartford
Trinity is located in urban Hartford, within walking distance of the state capitol of Connecticut. The main campus is bordered by Summit Street, Allen Place, Broad Street and New Britain Avenue.
Trinity and the community
Along with Trinity, the Learning Corridor, Hartford Hospital, and The Institute of Living make up the Southside Institutions Neighborhood Alliance, or SINA. SINA aims to create affordable housing in Hartford's Frog Hollow and Barry Square neighborhoods as well as in the creation of the Learning Corridor and the Trinity College Boys and Girls Club.
Trinity's library, computer resources and the new Koeppel Community Sports Complex are available to Hartford residents. The new sports complex functions both as a rink for Trinity’s ice hockey teams and as a public skating rink. Trinity also runs the Trinfo Café which provides Hartford residents with internet and computer access as well as computing services/education.
Trinity has a partnership with the Hartford Magnet Trinity College Academy (formerly Hartford Magnet Middle School) located across the street. Trinity advises the school with academic affairs, provide professors to lead summer courses and opens up some Trinity courses to qualified seniors at Hartford Magnet Trinity College Academy.
In the summer months, when not in session, the college opens its campus to the community for its Plumb Memorial Carillon Concerts that are held on Wednesday nights. Trinity's 49-bell Carillon is one of approximately 200 such instruments in North America.
Contributions to the arts
Cinestudio is an art cinema with 1930s-style design. An article in the Hartford Advocate described this non-profit organization, which depends solely on grants and the efforts of volunteer workers who are paid in free movies. Cinestudio has been located in the Clement Chemistry Building since it was founded in the 1970s.
Cinestudio is host to the annual Eyeball Film Festival, in which young film makers premier their latest works in front of their peers. The festival has judges, each schooled in film from a different perspective, who judge the students' films.
Trinity also hosts the annual Trinity International Hip Hop Festival. A three-day celebration of global hip hop culture, the festival features lectures, panel discussions, workshops and live performances. The festival was founded in 2006 with the goal of unifying Trinity with the city of Hartford.
Trinity has a strong faculty in fine arts, including Picasso scholar and art historian Michael C. FitzGerald.
Notable alumni of Trinity College include Arctic explorer Ernest de Koven Leffingwell (class of 1895), conservative columnist George Will (1962), New York City politician Christine Quinn (1988), political news correspondent Tucker Carlson (1992), restaurateur David Chang (1999) and popular rap artist Sammy Adams (2010).
In popular culture
- In the opening scenes of Jaws, Cassidy states that he is a student at Trinity.
- Little Ivies — An informal group of U.S. liberal arts colleges that some have said parallel the Ivy League in certain areas
- New England Small College Athletic Conference — Group of eleven highly selective U.S. liberal arts colleges located in New England and New York
Notes and references
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2013)|
- As of June 30, 2014. http://www.trincoll.edu/Academics/dean/Documents/Dean%27s%20Address%20to%20the%20Faculty%20Sept%202014.pdf
- "Trinity College Common Data Set 2012-2013". Trinity College.
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- "Our History | Connecticut Public Broadcasting Network". Cpbn.org. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- "CPTV Celebrates 50 Years: Present at the Creation - Connecticut Magazine - April 2013 - Connecticut". Connecticutmag.com. 1962-10-01. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- Trinity to Launch Study Abroad Program at Fudan University in 2012
- Office of International Programs
- Trinity in Rome
- Steinberg, Jacques; Platt, Eric (January 31, 2011). "Applications Rise (Yet Again) at Dozens of Selective Colleges". The New York Times.
- Harrington, Rebecca (June 30, 2011). "The TRENDIEST Colleges". Huffington Post.
- 4legs – Trinity and YOU! » Number of Trinity Applicants Skyrockets
- "National Liberal Arts Colleges - Trinity College". U.S. News & World Report. 2014-09-09.
- "Trinity College". Trincoll.edu. August 16, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- http://wsjclassroom.com/pdfs/wsj_college_092503.pdf Archived 28 December 2010 at WebCite[dead link]
- Greene, Howard; Greene, Matthew (2009). The Hidden Ivies: 50 Top Colleges - From Amherst to Williams - That Rival the Ivy League. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-172672-9. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
- "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. July 24, 2013.
- Harrington, Rebecca (June 30, 2011). "The TRENDIEST Colleges". Huffington Post.
- "A New Ranking of Colleges Relies On Alumni Feedback - Hartford Courant". Articles.courant.com. 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- "Trinity College". The Alumni Factor. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
- Trinity Traditions
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- Thomas, Grace Powers (1898). Where to educate, 1898-1899. A guide to the best private schools, higher institutions of learning, etc., in the United States. Boston: Brown and Company. p. 26. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
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- Downes to Earth With Jimmy Jones - Opinions - The Trinity Tripod
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- A Brief History of Campus Planning at Trinity
- Knapp, Peter J., and Anne H. Knapp. Trinity College in the twentieth century: a history. Hartford, Conn.: Trinity College, 2000.
- Trinity College and Hartford Public Schools Join Forces
- "About". Cinestudio. September 25, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Trinity College
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- "Trinity College, Hartford". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.