Trionfo di Afrodite

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Trionfo di Afrodite (Italian, literally Triumph of Aphrodite) is a cantata called "concerto scenico" (scenic concert) written in 1951 by the German composer Carl Orff. It is part of Trionfi, the musical triptych that also includes Carmina Burana and Catulli Carmina. In this case, "Trionfo" refers to the Roman and Renaissance trionfo, meaning "procession" or "festival".

Like Igor Stravinsky's Les Noces, Trionfo di Afrodite describes rituals for a (in this case Greek-Roman) wedding. The texts are based on Latin wedding poems by Catullus, as well as Greek poems by Sappho and a small part by Euripides. Despite the large orchestra, the instrumentation is often sparse, especially in the Greek verses, and the music is strongly influenced by the rhythms and melodies of the spoken word,[1] though little importance is actually given to both tonic and prosodic accent. The piece closes with a triumphant apparition of Aphrodite herself, a rare instance when the full choral and orchestral forces are actually used.

Apart from the orchestra, the piece calls for five soloists (SSTTB) and a large mixed chorus.

Structure[edit]

The work is divided into seven parts:

  1. Antiphon of the virgins and young men
  2. Wedding procession and arrival of the bride and groom
  3. Bride and groom
  4. Invocation of Hymenaios - hymn to Hymenaios
  5. Games and wedding songs in front of the wedding chamber
  6. Song of the newlyweds from the wedding chamber
  7. Apparition of Aphrodite

Orchestra[edit]

The work calls for a large orchestra with an enhanced percussion section, consisting of the following:

Woodwind
3 Flutes (all 3 doubling Piccolos)
3 Oboes (2nd and 3rd doubling English Horns)
3 Clarinets in B-flat
3 Bassoons (3rd doubling Contrabassoon)
Brass
6 Horns in F
3 Trumpets
3 Trombones
2 Tubas
Percussion (requiring 10-12 players, not counting Timpani)
6 Timpani
4 Standard Cymbals (2 suspended, 1 pair crash)
Tam-Tam
Tubular Bells
Tambourine
2 Snare Drums
2 Bass Drums
4 Maracas
4 Wood blocks
3 Glockenspiels
Xylophone
Marimba
Tenor Xylophone
Miscellaneous
2 Harps
3 Guitars
3 Pianos
Strings
Violins I (12-14)
Violins II (12-14)
Violas (12)
Violoncellos (12)
Double basses (8)

References[edit]