Triopas

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This article is about the characters in Greek mythology. For the crustacean, see Triops.

In Greek mythology, Triopas /ˈtrəpəs/ or Triops /ˈtr.əps/ or /ˈtrˌɒps/ (Ancient Greek: Τρίωψ, gen.: Τρίοπος)[1] was the name of several characters whose relations are unclear.

  • Triopas of Thessaly, a son of Poseidon and Canace, husband of Myrmidon's daughter Hiscilla, father of Iphimedeia, Phorbas and Erysichthon.[2][3] He destroyed a temple of Demeter in order to obtain materials for roofing his own house, and was punished by insatiable hunger as well as being plagued by a snake which inflicted illness on him. Eventually Demeter placed him and the snake among the stars as the constellation Ophiuchus to remind others of his crime and punishment.[4] A city in Caria was named Triopion after him.[5]
  • Triopas, one of the Heliadae, sons of Helios and Rhodos and grandson of Poseidon. Triopas, along with his brothers, Macar, Actis and Candalus, were jealous of a fifth brother, Tenages's, skill at science, and killed him. When their crime was discovered, Triopas escaped to Caria and seized a promontory which received his name (the Triopian Promontory). Later he founded the city of Knidos.[6] There was a statue of him and his horse at Delphi, an offering by the people of Knidos.[7]
  • Triopas, king of Argos, son of Phorbas (not the same as the son of the above Triopas). By Oreasis or Sosis he was father of Messene, Iasus, Xanthus, Agenor, and Pelasgus.[8][9][10] Alternately, Triopas was a son of Peiranthus (himself son of Argus and brother of Criasus).[11] He belonged to the house of Phoroneus. Triopas may be an aspect of the Argive Zeus (sometimes represented with a third eye on his forehead), or may be his human representative.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Its popular etymology is "he who has three eyes" (from τρι- "three" + -ωπ- "see") but the ending -ωψ, -οπος suggests a Pre-Greek origin.
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1. 7. 4
  3. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8. 756
  4. ^ Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy, 2. 14
  5. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Triopion
  6. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 57. 6
  7. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 11. 1
  8. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 16. 1; 2. 22. 1; 4. 1. 1.
  9. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 145
  10. ^ Scholia on Euripides, Orestes, 932: Pelasgus and Iasus were twins and the eldest children
  11. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 124

Sources[edit]

  • Arthur Bernard Cook. "Zeus, Jupiter, and the Oak". The Classical Review 18:1:75-89 (February 1904). (JSTOR)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Phorbas
King of Argos Succeeded by
Iasus