Triora

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Triora
Il Borgo del Cerberus
Comune
Comune di Triora
Triora
Triora
Triora is located in Italy
Triora
Triora
Location of Triora in Italy
Coordinates: 44°0′N 7°46′E / 44.000°N 7.767°E / 44.000; 7.767Coordinates: 44°0′N 7°46′E / 44.000°N 7.767°E / 44.000; 7.767
Country Italy
Region Liguria
Province Imperia (IM)
Frazioni Bregalla, Cetta, Creppo, Goina, Loreto, Monesi, Realdo, Verdeggia, Saccarello
Government
 • Mayor Francesco Piano[1]
Area
 • Total 68.0 km2 (26.3 sq mi)
Elevation 780 m (2,560 ft)
Population (December 2004)
 • Total 416
 • Density 6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18010
Dialing code 0184
Patron saint John of The Meadows (San Zane)
Saint day 23 June
Website Official website
www.italiandream.info/history.html

Triora is an elite member of I Borghi Piú Belli d'Italia, a list of the top 100 most beautiful medieval citadels in Italy. It is also a member of Touring Club Italia Bandiere Arancioni, a similarly prestigious club which lists the best places for tourists to enjoy. It is a comune (municipality) in the province of Imperia in the Italian region Liguria, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southwest of Genoa and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Imperia, on the border with France. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 416 and an area of 68.0 square kilometres (26.3 sq mi).[2]

The municipality of Triora contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Bregalla, Cetta, Creppo, Goina, Loreto, Monesi, Realdo, Verdeggia, and Saccarello.

Triora's 21st century beauty shadows a gruesome Middle Ages renown, for Triora was the site of the last witch trials held in Italy, during the Renaissance. As such it has been selected as the location of a series of folklore- and horror-themed events and festivals in recent years. It has three annual festivals: a summer witchcraft festival, in August; and two autumn celebrations: the mushroom festival in September; and Halloween, at the end of October. Then there are the many smaller fairs of the year, including the Christmas bonfire on 24 December; St. John of the Meadows, the local patron saint's day, on 23 June; a chestnut fair in October; an All Souls Day fair, at the start of November; and a series of Easter parades, before, during and after Holy Week, each Spring.

Triora borders the following municipalities: Briga Alta, Castelvittorio, La Brigue (France), Mendatica, Molini di Triora, Montegrosso Pian Latte, Pigna and Saorge (France).

Demographic evolution[edit]

Francesco Moraldo from Creppo[edit]

Francesco Moraldo in Creppo in 2000

During all the period of the German occupation and of the Italian Social Republic, in the village of Creppo Francesco Moraldo (Creppo 30/12/1906 - 28/4/2001) hid in his house and protected from deportation two German Jewish orphans nine and eleven years old.

Moraldo had been a butler in France of the Italian banker Angelo Donati who had taken the children under his protection in July 1942 when their parents had been deported from Nice to Auschwitz.

When Donati had to take refuge in Switzerland after the Armistice of September 8, 1943, Moraldo took the children with him to his home village. The whole population of the village, informed of the situation, helped actively with their protection, despite the danger due to fights and frequent Germans roundups in the area.

For this commitment to solidarity on February 11, 1999, the Yad Vashem Institute of Jerusalem awarded Francesco Moraldo the title of Righteous Among the Nations.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ as Prefectural Commissioner
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ Israel Gutman, Bracha Rivlin e Liliana Picciotto, I giusti d'Italia: i non ebrei che salvarono gli ebrei, 1943-45 (Mondadori: Milano 2006), pp.170-71.

External links[edit]