Triumph (TWN)

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Triumph
Fate Taken over
Successors Adler
Founded 1896
Founders Siegfried Bettmann
Defunct 1956
Headquarters Nuremberg, Germany
Products bicycles, motorcycles
Triumph Knirps moped
350cc Triumph Boss

Triumph-Werke Nürnberg AG or TWN, was German bicycle and motorcycle company. In 1886, Siegfried Bettmann founded the Triumph bicycle factory in Coventry, England, and in 1896 he founded a second bicycle factory in his native Nuremberg, Germany, under the same Triumph name. Both factories branched out into making motorcycles: the Coventry factory in 1902 and the Nuremberg factory in 1903.[1]

In its early decades the Nuremberg factory produced models with the same 499 cc and 545 cc four-stroke engines as its sister plant in Coventry.

Confusion between motorcycles produced by the Coventry and Nuremberg Triumph companies led to the latter's products being renamed "Orial" for certain export markets. However in the 1920s there was already an Orial motorcycle maker in Lyon, France, so the Nuremberg motorcycles were renamed again as "TWN", standing for Triumph Werke Nürnberg.[2]

After 1913 the English and German factories diverged, with the Nuremberg works making motorcycles with 248 cc and 269 cc two-stroke engines. After the Second World War Triumph made successful models including the 200 cc Cornet split single two-stroke and the split-single 1 cylinder 350 cc Boss. A split single has one "divided" cylinder (with 2 bores) but only one common combustion chamber and spark plug. Triumph/TWN's production of split singles began with the BD250 in 1939 designed by Otto Rieze.[citation needed]

In 1956 Max Grundig took over the Nuremberg company, merged it with his Adler motorcycle and typewriter business and terminated motorcycle production under the Triumph and TWN names.

Models[edit]

List of models which were manufactured in Nuremberg [3]

Typ Year of manufacture cubic capacity Kind of motor Performance Maximum speed
Knirps 1919–1923 276 ccm two-stroke 2,2 kW/ 3 hp 40 mph
KK 1923–1926 298 ccm two-stroke 2,9 kW/ 4 hp 47 mph
T 1924–1927 550 ccm four stroke(Coventry) 2,9 kW/ 4 hp 56 mph
T II 1924–1927 499 ccm four stroke(Coventry) 11,8 kW/ 16 hp 56 mph
S 1924–1926 499 ccm four stroke (Coventry) 2,5 kW/ 3,5 hp 81 mph
K III (Knirps) 1926–1928 250 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/6 hp 50 mph
K IV 1926–1928 250 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 50 mph
K V 1926–1928 250 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 50 mph
K 6 1928–1933 197 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 44 mph
K 7 1928–1933 197 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 44 mph
K 8 1928–1933 200 ccm two-stroke 4,0 kW/ 5,5 hp 44 mph
K 9 1928–1933 200 ccm two-stroke 4,0 kW/ 5,5 hp 44 mph
K 10 1928–1931 300 ccm two-stroke 5,9 kW/ 8 hp 56 mph
K 11 1928–1931 300 ccm two-stroke 5,9 kW/ 8 hp 56 mph
T III 1928–1930 493 ccm four stroke (Coventry) 11,8 kW/ 16 hp 56 mph
T 4 1928–1930 493 ccm four stroket (Coventry) 11,8 kW/ 16 hp 56 mph
SSK 1930–1933 346 ccm four stroke (M.A.G.) 11,1 kW, 15 hp 71 mph
T 350 1930–1931 350 ccm four stroke (M.A.G..- licence) 7,4 kW/ 10 hp 50 mph
T 500 1930–1931 496 ccm four stroke (M.A.G.) 9,6 kW/ 13 hp 56 mph
BL 170 1930–1931 170 ccm two-stroke 3,7 kW/ 5 hp 44 mph
RR 750 1930–1933 741 ccm two-stroke (M.A.G.) 11,8 kW/ 16 hp 65 mph
KV 200 1930–1934 200 ccm two-stroket 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 44 mph
KV 250 1930–1934 250 ccm two-stroke 5,9 kW/ 8 hp 50 mph
SK 250 1930–1934 250 ccm two-stroke 5,9 kW/ 8 hp 50 mph
RL 30 1932–1935 198 ccm two-stroket 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 44 mph
Noris 200 1932–1935 198 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 44 mph
TM 500 1932–1937 500 ccm four stroke (M.A.G. - licence) 9,6 kW/ 13 hp 59 mph
STM 500 1932–1937 500 ccm four stroke (M.A.G. - licence) 14,8 kW/ 20 hp 75 mph
Kongress 1932–1937 346 ccm four stroke (M.A.G. - licence) 6,6 kW/ 9 hp 56 mph
SKL 200 1933–1934 197 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 47 mph
200 K 1934–1937 197 ccm two-stroke 4,4 kW/ 6 hp 44 mph
TS 100 1934–1936 98 ccm two-stroke 2,2 kW, 3 hp 34 mph
B 200 1936–1937 197 ccm two-stroke 5,1 kW, 7 hp 50 mph
B 204 1936–1939 197 ccm two-stroke 5,1 kW, 7 hp 50 mph
B 350 1936–1939 346 ccm two-stroke 8,9 kW, 12 hp 68 mph
S 350 1937–1938 346 ccm two-stroke 8,9 kW, 12 hp 68 mph
S 500 1937–1938 496 ccm four stroke (M.A.G. - licence) 14,8 kW/ 20 hp 78 mph
B 125 1939–1949 122 ccm two-stroke 3,1 kW/ 4,2 hp 47 mph
BD 250 1939–1943 248 ccm two-stroke 8,9 kW/ 12 hp 68 mph
BDG 250 1949–1957 248 ccm two-stroke 8,9 kW/ 12 hp 68 mph
BDG 125 1950–1957 123 ccm two-stroke 4,6 kW/ 6,25 hp 56 mph
Cornet 1953–1957 197 ccm two-stroke 7,4 kW/ 10 hp 63 mph
Boss 1953–1957 344 ccm two-stroke 11,8 kW/ 16 hp 75 mph
Knirps Moped 1953–1957 47 ccm two-stroke 1,0 kW/ 1,3 hp 28 mph
Contessa 1955–1957 197 ccm two-stroke 7,4 kW/ 10 hp 59 mph
Tessy 1956–1957 125 ccm two-stroket 5,5 kW/ 7,5 hp 50 mph
Tessy Super 1956–1957 150 ccm two-stroke 6,2 kW/ 8,5 hp 50 mph
Fips 1956–1957 47 ccm two-stroke 0,7 kW/ 1 hp 28 mph
Sportfips 1956–1957 47 ccm two-stroke 0,7 kW/ 1 hp 28 mph


References[edit]

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