Triumph 2000

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Triumph 2000 Roadster of 1948-49, see Triumph Roadster. For the Triumph 2000 Saloon of 1949, see Triumph Renown.
Triumph 2000, 2.5PI, 2500TC & 2500S
1971 Triumph 2000 sedan front modified.jpg
1971 Triumph 2000 Mk 2 Saloon
Overview
Manufacturer Triumph Motor Company
Production 1963–1977
324,652 produced
Assembly United Kingdom
Australia [1][2] South Africa [3]New Zealand[4]
Designer Giovanni Michelotti
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1,998 cc straight-6 (2000)
2,498 cc straight-6 (2.5 PI, 2500TC & 2500S)
Transmission 4-speed manual
4-speed manual with overdrive
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 106 in (2,700 mm)
Length 174 in (4,420 mm) Mk 1
183 in (4,648 mm) Mk 2
Width 67 in (1,702 mm)
Height 56 in (1,422 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Standard Vanguard
Successor Rover SD1

The Triumph 2000 is a mid-sized, rear wheel drive automobile which was produced in Coventry by the Triumph Motor Company between 1963 and 1977. Larger-engined models, known as the Triumph 2.5 PI and Triumph 2500 were also produced from 1968.

Engine[edit]

The 2000 used the six-cylinder engine first seen in the Standard Vanguard at the end of 1960.[5] However, the last of the six cylinder Vanguards had applied a compression ratio of 8.0:1 which the increasing availability of higher octane fuels enabled the manufacturers to increase to 8.5:1 for the Triumph.[6] This and the fitting of twin Stromberg 150 CD carburettors made for a claimed power output increased to 90 bhp (67 kW; 91 PS) from the Vanguard's 80 bhp (60 kW; 81 PS).

Running gear[edit]

Standard transmission on the original car was a 4-speed manual gearbox. (overdrive and Borg-Warner Type 35 3-speed automatic transmission were options.[6]) The monocoque body had independent suspension all-round using coil springs. The servo-assisted brakes were disc at the front and drums at the rear.

Market place[edit]

Triumph's 2000 competed with the contemporary Rover P6 2000, which initially was offered only with a four-cylinder engine. The Rover was also released in October 1963, just one week before the Triumph.[7] Together the cars defined a new market sector in the UK, promising levels of comfort and luxury hitherto associated with larger Rover and Jaguar models, but with usefully lower running costs and purchase prices, all in a modern package.


Triumph 2000 Mk 1 & 2.5 PI Mk 1; "Project Barb"[8][edit]

Triumph 2000 Mk 1
Triumph 2.5 PI Mk 1
Triumph2000 Mikejapp.jpg
Triumph 2000 Mk 1 Saloon
Overview
Production 1963–1969 (2000)
120,645 produced
1968-1969 (2.5 PI)
9,029 produced
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Powertrain
Engine 1,998 cc straight-6 (2000)
2,498 cc straight-6 (2.5 PI)
Transmission manual 4-speed gearbox (overdrive optional)[9] or
automatic Borg-Warner Type 35[9]

Although the "Mk 1" was presented to the public at the London Motor Show in October 1963, volume sales began only in January 1964. Continuing in production until 1969, this version came in saloon and, from 1965, estate forms. The estate, its body shell partly built by Carbodies, was in the Mk 1 version the same length as the saloon. Various minor improvements were made during the period of which the most noteworthy, probably, was a significant upgrade in October 1966 to the "previously rather ineffective" ventilation, with eyeball vents added in the centre of the facia and the heater controls repositioned beneath them.[10]

In 1968 the 2.5 PI (petrol injection) Mk 1 was launched, fitted with a Lucas Automotive mechanical fuel injection system. Performance was very good, but the PI models (along with the TR6 models) gained a reputation for unreliability and poor fuel economy.

In Australia these models suffered badly because of the summer heat. The electric fuel pump commonly overheated causing fuel to vaporise and render the engine inoperable until the pump cooled down. The overheating of the pump was caused by a combination of very high pressure fuel loads (over 110 psi (7.6 bar)) and a pump that was adapted from what was originally a windscreen wiper motor. As such, it did not cope well with sustained pressures in moderate to high ambient temperatures. Because of the launch late in the Mk I's life, there are relatively few PIs in the original shape.


Triumph 2000 Mk 2, 2.5 PI Mk 2, 2500TC & 2500S; "Project Innsbruck"[edit]

Triumph 2000 Mk 2
Triumph 2.5 PI Mk 2
Triumph 2500TC
Triumph 2500S
Triumph 2000 Estate.jpg
Triumph 2000 Mk 2 Estate
Overview
Also called Triumph Chicane (South Africa) [3]
Production 1969–1977 (2000)
104,580 produced
1969–1975 (2.5 PI)
49,742 produced
1974–1977 (2500TC)
32,492 produced
1975–1977 (2500S)
8,164 produced
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Powertrain
Engine 1,998 cc straight-6 (2000)
2,498 cc straight-6 (2.5 PI, 2500TC & 2500S)

In October 1969,[9] the Mk 2 range was launched, again styled by Michelotti, updating the car for the 1970s. The front of the car now followed the lines of the then-upcoming Triumph Stag grand tourer. There were entry-level 2000 models, which were the most plentiful, but the remainder of the range consisted of 2500, 2500 TC and 2500 PI models. Apart from the PI (petrol injection) models, all Triumph 2000 and 2500s had twin Stromberg or SU carburettors, the "TC" prefix on some models can seem misleading in this respect as it stood for a higher equipment level. In June 1975 the 2500S model, with 14 inch (356 mm) wheels and anti-roll bar, was added: it replaced the 2.5PI which had quietly disappeared from the show rooms two months earlier.[11] This Marked the end of fuel injected engines for the car, but improved acceleration was claimed for the twin carburettor 2500S and its slightly less expensive 2500TC sibling.[11] These new versions featured an extensive list of other, mostly minor, improvements, of which the most significant were probably those affecting the ride and handling: these resulted from suspension changes including an anti-roll bar.[11]

The Estate in the Mk 2 version was 5 inches (125 mm) shorter than the Mk 2 Saloon, because the rear bodywork of the car was carried over unchanged from the Mk 1 version.

The Mk 2, the last big Triumph car, ceased production in 1977, supplanted by British Leyland's corporate executive car, the Rover SD1: Six-cylinder 2300 and 2600 versions of the new Rover would nonetheless be powered by engines derived from the Triumph 2000. The last production car, a 2500S estate (BOL87V) is kept at the Heritage Motor Centre.


Overseas assembly[edit]

Various models were assembled in South Africa, with the later 2500TC and 2500S being badged as the Triumph Chicane in that market between 1973 and 1978.

In New Zealand CKD production of the Triumph 2000 continued at New Zealand Motor Corporation's Nelson plant, with 2500S models until March 1979. Sir Robert Muldoon, New Zealand's then Prime Minister, privately owned a white 2500S and had been known to drive to work in it. This car is now owned by a member of the Auckland Triumph Car Club.

The 2000 was assembled in Australia by Australian Motor Industries.[12] A special version was known as the 2000MD ("Managing Director"), which had special features such as knock-on wire wheels, triple Stromberg carburettors and the battery moved to the boot.[12] Total production of the 2000MD was approximately 100.[12]

Availability after four decades[edit]

Many of these cars are still on the road, supported by owners clubs and specialist parts suppliers. Prices vary depending on year and model with the Mk 1 2.5 PI Estate being the most valuable. A roadworthy 2000 will cost around £700–£800; mint examples fetch upwards of £3500. A Mk 11 PI recently sold for £11,000. The 2000 and derivatives are also popular with modifiers owing to common parts and engines shared with other Triumph models such as the TR6, GT6, and Vitesse.

Motor sport[edit]

Factory-entered 2.5 PIs finished 2nd and 4th in the 1970 London to Mexico World Cup Rally.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Triumph 2000/2500/2.5 Historical Page Retrieved on 29 March 2012
  2. ^ Australian Motor Industries (AMI) The Start Retrieved on 30 March 2012
  3. ^ a b Class Acts, Part 2: Triumph 2000, 2.5 PI, and 2500 Mk 2, ateupwithmotor.com Retrieved on 10 April 2014
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "On the road ... Standard's new 'Luxury Six' Vanguard is based on their Michelotti-styled 'Vignale'. The new 1,998 c.c. (74.7 x 76 mm) six-cylinder engine has push-rod o.h. valves and twin down-draught carburetter ...". Practical Motorist. 7. (nbr 76): 7. December 1960. 
  6. ^ a b "Used Car Test: 1967 Triumph 200 Automatic". Autocar. 136. (nbr 3958): 24–25. 10 February 1972. 
  7. ^ "Buying Secondhand: Rover 2000/2200". Autocar. 144. nbr 4155: pages 62–64. 26 June 1976. 
  8. ^ "Barb" was the name given in 1961 to the development project for the replacement of the Standard Vanguard. The project had been under way for some years by this time, but progress had been hampered by a lack of money. The project was reinvigorated and took a new direction when Triumph was acquired by Leyland Motors, a successful truck manufacturer.
  9. ^ a b c "Used Car Test: 1971 Triumph 2000 Estate Car". Autocar. 138. (nbr 4019): 16–17. 7 June 1973. 
  10. ^ "Used Car Test: Triumph 2000 (overdrive)". Autocar. 127. (nbr 3750): 20–21. 28 December 1967. 
  11. ^ a b c "New from British Leyland: 2.5PI gives way to 2500S". Autocar. 141. (nbr 4100): 59. 7 June 1975. 
  12. ^ a b c Chambers, Cliff (27 February 2013). "Ones That Got Away". Unique Cars (347): 24. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  13. ^ The Triumph 2000 Story - The Big Triumphs in ‘Works’ Competition: 1964-1976, triumph2000register.co.uk Retrieved on 14 April 2014

External links[edit]