Triumph TR2

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Triumph TR2
Triumph-tr2.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Standard Motor Company
Production 1953–1955
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Powertrain
Engine 1991 cc Straight-4
Transmission 4-speed manual[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 88 in (2,235 mm)[2]
Length 151 in (3,835 mm)[2]
Width 55 in (1,397 mm)[2]
Height 50 in (1,270 mm)[2]
Curb weight 2,100 lb (953 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Triumph TR1 / 20TS
Successor Triumph TR3

The Triumph TR2 is a sports car produced by the Standard Motor Company in the United Kingdom between 1953 and 1955, during which time 8,636 [3] cars were produced.

The car used a twin SU carburettor version of the 121 cid (1991 cc) four-cylinder Standard Vanguard engine tuned to increase its output to 90 bhp (67 kW).[2][4] The body was mounted on a substantial separate chassis with coil-sprung independent suspension at the front and a leaf spring live axle at the rear. Either wire or disc wheels could be supplied. The standard transmission was a four-speed manual unit, with overdrive available on top gear as an option. Lockheed drum brakes were fitted all round.

As of Q1 2011 there were approximately 377 licensed and 52 SORN TR2s registered with the DVLA.[5][6]

History[edit]

The TR2 was designed to challenge MG in the sports car export market to North America.[citation needed] It was also built because Sir John Black, the boss of the Standard Motor Company, made a bid for the Morgan Motor Company and failed. Standard already made the Triumph Roadster, but it was out-dated and under-powered. Sir John Black wanted an affordable sports car, so he initiated a prototype to be built. The chassis was a shortened version of the Standard Eight's and the engine was the Standard Vanguard 2-litre, around which a two-seater body was created. Named the 20TS, it was revealed at the 1952 London Motor Show.

Black asked BRM development engineer and test driver Ken Richardson to assess the 20TS, and after he declared it to be a "death trap" a project was undertaken to improve on the design.[7] A year later the TR2 was revealed. It had better looks; a simple ladder-type chassis; a longer body; and a bigger boot. It was loved by American buyers, and became the best earner for Triumph. In 1955 the TR3 came out with more power; a re-designed grille; and a GT package that included a factory hard-top.[4]

Performance data[edit]

A car with overdrive tested by The Motor magazine in 1954 had a top speed of 107.3 mph (172.7 km/h), and could accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 12.0 seconds. A fuel consumption of 34.5 miles per imperial gallon (8.2 L/100 km; 28.7 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £900 including taxes. The overdrive option had added £56 to the total.

The magazine also commented that the TR2 was the lowest price British car able to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h).[2]

Speed Time Time (overdrive version)[2]
0–30 mph (48 km/h) 3.6 s 4.0 s
0–50 mph (80 km/h) 8.2 s 8.2 s
0–60 mph (97 km/h) 11.9 s 12.0 s
0–90 mph (140 km/h) 31.5 s 30.4 s

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Second Hand car guide supplement". Practical Motorist. 6 Nbr 68: between pages 768 & 769. date April 1960. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "The Triumph Sports 2-seater". The Motor. 7 April 1954. 
  3. ^ Original Triumph TR, Bill Piggott, ISBN 1-870979-24-9
  4. ^ a b Buckley,Martin. The Illustrated Book of Classic Cars. Anness Publishing, 1997, 2003, pp. 242–3. ISBN 1-84215-972-0
  5. ^ "How Many Left web site". www.howmanyleft.co.uk. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Vehicle licensing statistics". Department of Transport. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  7. ^ Langworth, Richard M. (Second Quarter 1973). "Trundling Along With Triumph – The story thus far...". Automobile Quarterly (Automobile Quarterly Inc.) 11 (2): 116–45. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 62-4005.