Triumph Tiger Cub
|Parent company||Birmingham Small Arms Company|
|Predecessor||Triumph T15 Terrier|
|Engine||199 cc single cylinder OHV, four stroke, alloy head, Amal Monobloc carburettor, earliest Amal 332 1954-57 or Zenith 17MXZ/CS5 1958-61|
|Bore / stroke||T20 63x64mm, T15 57x58.5mm|
|Compression ratio||T20 Sports 9:1, T20 and T15 7:1|
|Top speed||T20S 74 mph (119 km/h), T20 66 mph (106 km/h) (as tested, averaged)|
|Power||T20S 14.5 bhp (10.8 kW) (claimed) @ 6500rpm
T20 10 bhp (7.5 kW) (claimed) @ 6000rpm
T15 8 bhp (6.0 kW)
|Transmission||4-speed gearbox to chain drive|
|Brakes||112mm (5.5 inches) front, 112mm (5.5 inches) rear|
|Tires||3.00x19 1954/55, 3.00x16 1956/65, 3.00x18 from 1966|
|Fuel capacity||3 Imperial gallons|
|Oil capacity||oil tank 2.5 pints, gearbox 1/3 pint (200 cc), chaincase 1/2 pint (300 cc)|
The Triumph Tiger Cub was a 200 cc single-cylinder British motorcycle made by Triumph Motorcycles at their Meriden factory. Based on the Triumph T15 Terrier 150 cc, itself a surprise announcement just before the 1952 show, the 200 cc T20 Tiger Cub designed by Edward Turner and launched at the Earls Court show in November 1953 competed well against the other small-capacity motorcycles of the time, such as those using Villiers two-stroke engines.
The earlier version of the Cub used the Terrier's plunger rear suspension frame, but from 1957 this was updated to a more-modern pattern of rear swinging-arm with twin suspension units. The ignition points were positioned in a 'distributor'-type device on the crankcase behind the cylinder. A later development in 1963 was to site the points at a more conventional location on the end of the camshaft, accessed via a chrome cover below the base of the cylinder.
The Sports Cub designated T20SH featured slimline mudguards, no rear panelling or headlamp nacelle and with a higher compression ratio and other engine modifications was timed at 74mph mean maximum by Motor Cycle magazine.
The last model made was the T20 Super Cub, which, for economy of production cost, used a basic frame and other parts common to the BSA Bantam D10 including larger diameter wheels with full-width hubs. Launched in November 1966, it was discontinued in 1968.
Unloved design features
The top frame tube of the Tiger Cub was lower than normal, leaving the headstock poorly supported. Some rigidity was recovered by internal bracing of the petrol tank. A plain bearing on the timing side main bearing sometimes wore rapidly. The primary chain ran in a shallow oil-bath but if the level dropped, the chain could suffer lubrication failure and stretch. The chain was not tensioned - and even worse, the primary chain case on early models was a slightly 'waisted' shape. A worn chain could strike both the inside of the cover and the crankcase itself, making the oil-level even more difficult to maintain in the future. Another common complaint was that the Cub would travel at highway speed (50mph) for 1/2 hour and then stop unexpectedly. Some attributed this to overheating, but a cure was never found.
In 1961, the driving licence law for Triumph's home market in Great Britain was changed, restricting learner motorcyclists to a maximum of 250cc. The Tiger Cub became one of the most popular ways of getting onto two wheels.
- Motor Cycle, 30 July 1964. Readers report on Triumph Tiger Cub. "The Cub's ancestry dates back almost 12 years—to November 1952 when Triumphs introduced a "stimulating, last minute eve-of-show suprise", the 149 cc Terrier. This was followed, a year later, by the first of the Tiger Cubs, with a 199 cc engine in the Terrier's plunger-sprung frame. Here we are dealing only with Cubs from 1957 onwards, when the pivoted-fork model was introduced." Accessed 2014-01-29
- Motor Cycle Data Book, Newnes, 1960. p.80, p.154
- Motorcycle Mechanics (magazine), March 1972, p.30. Engine analysis: Triumph Cub Accessed 2014-02-06
- Motor Cycle, 9 March 1967. Super Cub road test Accessed 2014-01-28
- Motor Cycle, 9 March 1967. Super Cub road test. "Baby brother, sizewise, of the Triumph family, the Cub has been with us now for just over 13 years". Accessed 2014-01-28
- Motor Cycle, 9 March 1967. Super Cub road test. "One of the ways in which the cost has been kept down is by using a similar frame for the Cub and the BSA Bantam". Accessed 2014-01-28
- Kemp, Andrew; De Cet (2004). Classic British Bikes. Mirco. Bookmart Ltd. ISBN 1-86147-136-X.
- Estall, Mike. The Triumph Tiger Cub Bible. Veloce Publishing. ISBN 978-1-904788-09-6.
- Estall, Mike. The Triumph Tiger Cub Bible. Veloce Publishing. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-904788-09-6.
-  UK Government History of road safety, the highway code and the driving test, section 3.19 Retrieved 2014-02-09
- Media related to Triumph Tiger Cub at Wikimedia Commons