Victory column

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A victory column—or monumental column or triumphal column—is a monument in the form of a column, erected in memory of a victorious battle, war, or revolution. The column typically stands on a base and is crowned with a victory symbol, such as a statue. The statue may represent the goddess Victoria; in Germany, the female embodiment of the nation, Germania; in the United States either female embodiment of the nation Liberty or Columbia; in the United Kingdom, the female embodiment Britannia; an eagle; or a war hero.

Trajan's Column (113 AD; Photo ca. 1896)
Victory column near Fehrbellin
The July Column (1835-40), Paris

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This is based on the article Siegessäule in the German-language Wikipedia.