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Triyuga (Nepali: त्रियुगा), also known as Gaighat, is a city and municipality in the Udayapur District in the Sagarmatha zone of south-eastern Nepal. According to the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 55,291. According to the Nepal Census 2011, Triyuga had 70,000 inhabitants.
Geography and wildlife
This city is in the famous Udyapur Valley. Gaighat (गाइघाट) (other name of Triyuga) is the shadow of a historic kingdom of Sen dynasty in Udayapur Ghadhi (Chaudandi), this Inner tarai Valley of central south Nepal has a glorious history with a bright future. Udayapur Ghadi is in the pick of the Hill, and similarly, Gaighat is in the plane of the Valley. Udayapur Valley is the biggest valley in east Nepal, with very nice natural attraction, such as the Triyuga river falling from the heart of the city, and the eastern side of Valley Kosi River (Nepal's biggest river) is falling down. The river is the main attraction of the country, because of the beautiful phenomenon. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is inside a big island of Koshi River, which is the store of the wild water buffalo (called Arna) in Nepal. The reserve is a wetland of international significance. In 1987, it was declared a Ramsar site. It is home to more than 280 bird species including 20 duck species, 2 species of ibises, many storks, egrets and herons. The endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican are found here. The Koshi Barge is an extremely important resting-place for migratory birds.
The last surviving population of wild buffalo, or arna, is found here. The reserve is also home to many types of mammals, such as hog deer, spotted deer, wild boar, and blue bull. The endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi River.
The vegetation mainly includes tall khar-pater grasslands, with a few patches of khair-sissoo scrub forest, and deciduous mixed riverine forest.
During the monsoon, the reserve is flooded with depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm (4 to 120 in). From season to season, the Sapta-Koshi River changes its course.
Transportation and communication
Sagarmatha Highway from Lahan connects Gaighat with the Mahendra highway, and all other part of the country, after crossing valley in south Mahendra Highway. This highway connects Gaighat, and other Town Katari, with the Okhaldhunga and in future Khotang Ramechap District of the Mountain. An old road to connect Dharan through Inner Tarai is just going to reopen for easier movement of the Inner Tarai Valleys of Sindhuli, and Udyapur of Western Region, to Dharan, a major city of Eastern Nepal. This road from Sindhuli comes alongside of Ranibas Katari, and goes to Chatara to Cross Koshi and Reach Dharan. चौडण्डिको फेदीमा सिखरमाडी पर्छ र त्यो गाउ पनि पर्यटकिय हिसावले रमणिय छ। Campuses for higher education are also available at gaighat. Triyuga janata multiple campus provides undergraduate and post graduate education on management and social sciences. Likewise Baruwa campus provides undergraduate education on management and science. Similarly udayasi english higher secondary campus provides intermediate education on science and management. There are numerous other schools and colleges for education in the town.
Phone, fax, cellular phones and Internet are available in the town.
Hotels and restaurants are available at Gaighat town. Resorts are available near Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and in town. lodges and resorts with sufficient services are available. Hotels and lodges delivers proper hospitality to the guest in the town. Fooding and lodging are available in the hotels of the town.
To Promote local cultures Triyuga has FM radio stations Radio Triyuga – 104 MHz, Radio Udayapur 102 MHz and which are Community radio Stations. Radio Amurta 91.6 is a commercial fm station in Tyiyuga. Cable television service is also available in the town. Daily national newspapers are delivered to the town in the morning. Many local newspapers are published in the town on daily, weekly basis. Some of them are Majhkharka, tyiyuga post, Baruwa times etc.
- "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Retrieved 13 November 2008.